Betonie uses ceremonies as a fluid construct for bettering culture and not as something that should be strictly followed. With the introduction of witchery, ceremonies no longer work if people stick to the old ways. Tayo’s traits have so far been molded by the ceremonies and memories of the past but Betonie offers a new way into shaping one’s self. To survive, one needs to adapt to changes all around them, which is what happens in Tayos case. Up to this point, his sickness has only marginally gotten better by using the old ways of Native Americans.
The words “funny-shaped” and “foreign” reveals that she was unfamiliar with the objects inside of the box, and it also gives to the reader a tone of confusion. “Estrella hated when things were kept from her.” she disliked the fact that she was ignorant to the things she wanted to know. She desired to learn and when she became aware that she was far from it “ For days she was silent with rage.”
Since cathedrals are a place of holy ground for many religions the barn represents Estrella’s holy ground. A place where she can be herself and a place where she can develop her voice for her people. The barn represents her empowerment. Possibly the barn represents the hardships of her family's survival and the other Mexican migrant workers throughout the novel. As the barn reminds her of her family and how the farmers work it reminds her of who she is and the barrier between her culture and the outside culture between rural society and the urban society.
A majority of the field workers come to the United States illegally in hopes of creating a better life for themselves and their family. Residing in the states without official papers leaves the women vulnerable. The supervisors and other men in higher positions take advantage of their power by threating the women with deportation
One way she shows this is through the way many advertisements and societies views as a whole, make immigrants feel disconnected and divergent. “...the handsome ____________” (lines 53-54). The author reveals how she felt out of place because of the way her family looks different from the “perfect” american family. When she sees an advertisement and compares that to her family she feels unincluded in society. The narrator acknowledges how she looks different from citizens point of views as an immigrant in a new country.
However, curanderismo allows other cultures to accept Chicanos due to stressing the importance of intercultural communication skills in society. For instance, even though some Chicanos have insurance, they tend to follow these holistic practices and are afraid to mention it to their primary physicians because they fear being rejected from society. According to Maritza Montiel, “A recent study concluded that 69% of Mexican Americans do not report the use of herbal remedies to their physicians” (Montiel 83). Becoming aware of the cultural differences, encourages cross cultural sensitivity by reducing the tensions between other cultures and practices. In addition, professionals can understand their patients’ needs by understanding the social framework of the biological illness.
She is not just an outcast, but also so low in the opinions of others that even children feel encouraged to make fun of her, even though they have not the faintest clue what she has done wrong (probably they are too young to understand). That Hester chooses to live near the woods, on the border between forest and the town, is a clear and potent metaphor for her place in limbo between the spheres of the moral and immoral. Indeed, Hester seems to be trying to live in both worlds simultaneously, which results in her further degradation and the increasingly clear fact that she will have to make a choice. Either she must assimilate to Puritan tradition and follow their laws to the letter, or she can roam free and follow her passions and instincts while losing her connection to society. Her society barely tolerates someone living in the moral world while having
In the midst of unfair and unequal treatment for the many quality services provided, Mexican immigrants, especially those undocumented, do not have the ability to speak up and change something without risking their status or safety. The American people should be speaking up for those that cannot do it for themselves, yet they continue to perpetuate stereotypes and confine Mexican immigrants who do just as much as any other citizen to provide for this country. Despite the general dependency on immigrant workers, many American people have a hypocritical bias against Latin-American immigrants (concerning their place (efforts?) in the workforce? and their entrance in the country?
So she didn't really care about those people, but as Esperanza had to live the lifestyle of fear for deportation, she felt bad for the people who were deported. To sum it all up, Esperanza went from riches to rags, bratty to well behaved, and from not working at all to working very hard thanks to her experiences throughout the book. Looks like being poor was more beneficial than being rich. I think kids nowadays could learn a thing or two from Esperanza about working hard, not having an attitude, and respecting/ helping people not as wealthy as
The community 's invisibility among Los Angeles society was also a problem, so Justice for Janitors decided to utilize their cultural backgrounds to make themselves known such as beating drums, whistling, and screaming in Spanish (Soldatenko 233-236). This organization 's strength was their power of numbers and being resilient. In doing so, it challenged American society to acknowledge their existence which aided these janitors in gaining publicity. Although the Janitors for Justice did not entirely accomplish their goal, their efforts provide a good example about few ways to healthily and safely fight for one
In Helena Maria Viramontes’ novel, Under the Feet of Jesus, Estrella starts off as angsty and confused, but then shifts to a state of contentment and understanding, caused by life experiences. These character traits are revealed through the selection of detail, figurative language, and tone. Initially, Estrella is immediately characterized as “very angry” when she finds Perfecto’s “foreign” toolbox. She uses a tone of confusion that illustrates her unfamiliarity with the objects in the tool box by using words such as “funny-shaped”, and using a simile comparing her confusion with the tools to the alphabet which Estrella “could not decipher”.
A thought-provoking source that John H.M Laslett used in researching for his book Shameful Victory is George J. Sanchez’s 1993 book Becoming Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture, and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles, 1900-1945. His this book, Sanchez places a platform about Mexican American identity that stretches before World War II. The main argument is that Chicano history does little to explore the development of cultural adaptation. And he seeks to render that. Even through hardship and discrimination, the Mexican American identity evolved.
In Leo R. Chavez’s ethnography, The Latino Threat: Constructing Immigrants, Citizens, and the Nation, the claimed problem of Latino immigration, specifically Mexicans, is tackled using interviews, statistics, and other works of literature. Chavez’s ethnography not only discusses Latino immigration but Latino invasion, integration, organ transplants and even Latina fertilization. One of Chavez’s big topics is on how the media influences the public to believe that Latinos are planning an invasion or take-over in order to gain the land that was originally Mexico’s. The topic of Latina reproduction and fertilization comes up multiple times through Chavez’s ethnography. Another main topic that plays a part in Chavez’s argument is the Latino role in public marches and the citizenship aspect of their actions.