The Importance Of Special Education

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Special education is specially designed to satisfy the needs of students who have disabilities which results from having a disability and to help them learn information and skills that other students are learning. This education is also offered to help children with special needs so as their parents. Special education includes special instruction in the classroom, at home, in hospitals, institutions or in other settings. In the United States more than 5 million students ages 6 to 21 receive special education services each year (Notari – Syverson, & Schuster, 2013). In the Philippines, out of 84.4 million Filipinos, approximately 5.486 million or 13% are with special needs. There are around 4.8% are given appropriate…show more content…
Underachievement in school is damaging because it affects students' self-esteem, which hinders the child to reaching his full potential. Some common signs of underachievement in children may include lack of motivation or disinterest in school activities and tend to make excuses in doing so. The student may daydream or socialize too much, make school work the lowest priority, receive failing grades, take no satisfaction or pride in school work, see himself as having no chance to succeed, or seem to believe he is already defeated (Gearheart & Gearheart, 2010). Some experts identified the causes of underachievement to be not easy to determine and complex. Some students tend to have low self-esteem in doing school work, lack of discipline in doing school activities, seek attention from parents and teachers, some of them may be influenced by their peers or may have learning style which is not meet or accommodated in class so the tendency is they get absent and loss their interest in school which result to underachieving in some areas which they are not disabled. (Longsdon,…show more content…
They identified three characteristics of private tutoring in the Philippines which are “lean on”, “pass on” and “ride on”. Personal tutoring refers to the additional lessons provided by teachers to students needing academic assistance on an informal basis (Dang, 2006; Ventura, Mendes, Costa, & Azevedo, 2006; & Dang & Rogers, 2008). In other countries, prior to 1920, tutoring was a substitute for classroom instruction in the homes of noble families (Dessy, St- Amour, & Vencatachellum, 1998). It is also known as private tuition in some English-speaking countries (Bray, 2013), hakwan in Korea (Baker, Akiba, LeTendre, & Wiseman, 2011), frontistirio in Greece (Ireson, 2014), dersane in Turkey (Tansel & Bircan, 2010) and extra tuition in UK and Africa (Ireson & Rushforth,

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