The Trail to Freedom The Underground Railroad was a series of safe houses were escaping slaves would hide and stay until they were able to move from slave to non-slave states. The Underground Railroad wasn’t actually underground. Due to the large amount of secrecy, it was called underground because it was hidden in plain sight. A series of conductors would meet slaves and help them cross rivers, streams, and lakes.
The Underground Railroad was a safe haven to those who were held captive as slaves and the railroad led to the freedom of hundreds of thousands of
However, she was not for her entire life. She escaped from slavery by running away to a free state, Pennsylvania. She conducted the Underground Railroad to help other slaves escape to freedom. She worked as a spy to help the Union Army, the north side, in the Civil War. She struggled against slavery for her whole life.
Even the people helping with the Underground Railroad were risking their lives by accommodating these slaves while they were on the run. The enslaved African Americans would do anything for freedom, even if they had to put their lives in jeopardy or even their families. Most slaves wanted to escape the South where they were bound to die because of how bad the slave owner’s were down there. Some slaves were scared of leaving slavery because that was all they knew. Slaves if they escaped would have troubles finding jobs and a safe place for their family.
What was the south all about? Cotton was not the only crop grown in the South, but it was sure the crop that fueled the Southern economy. Southerners began saying ''Cotton is king'' because cotton became so populated that they would choose it over Industry. The cotton gin was a compact machine that removed seeds from cotton fibers. The value of enslaved people increased because of their key role in producing cotton and sugar.
The secret system even used special terminology as a code, to keep the organization secret. For example, “the elements of the system consisted of various routes(lines), hiding places(stations), and assistants(conductors) who helped to transfer escapees(packages or freight)along the way”(Underground Railroad). The Underground Railroad was a successful system because of the key individuals who risked their lives to help slaves, and the help from religious groups. To begin with, the Underground Railroad would’ve never been a successful system without the key people who created and supported it. Harriet Tubman was, and still is, the main figure of the organization.
The Fugitive Slave act was put in place and slaves would be returned to their slave masters and depending on what they did, they could get anything from beaten to tortured to killed. Harriet escaped her slave master so it was very risky for her to be in the US. I believe the underground railroad was her greatest achievement because of her time spent, the risk and the number of people she helped. First she spent a lot of time doing the underground railroad.
In other words, slavery has been in the world since civilization began. (History of Slavery) The first mention of slaves was in Genesis 9:25 when Noah states “he said, “Cursed be Canaan! The lowest of slaves will he be to his brothers.” Noah wanted his youngest son to be the slave of one of his other sons.
Indentured Servants and slaves are two unrelated kinds of workers because of the reasons they are working and how long they work. Indentured servants would sign a contract saying they would work for someone if they paid for their trip to America, they were people willing to work. Slaves were African Americans that were forced to work for their owners, they were traded and bought from other people. Also Slaves ended up overpowering the Indentured servants for numerous reasons. Slaves were forced workers which meant that their owners could make them keep working for as long as they wanted them to.
Unfree laborers in the Colonial period were the institutional turning point of having slaves and indentured servants. Slaves and indentured servants were the primary means of the wealthy in America at this time and were seen throughout many colonies. Either as a slave or an indentured servant, the person was expected and required to work in fields to maintain crops, as a house servant, or of anything else the master chose for them to do. The treatments of both had their similarities but also having their differences. During this time period indentured servants were treated more fairly, whereas the slaves were treated unfairly.
The Fugitive Slave Acts were an act of rebellion against slaves escaping. There was already the fugitive slave act that was created in 1793 to allow slave masters to force slaves back into captivity, but it was not enforced that much. By 1850, there were many slaves that escaped and the since there could not be any more slaves imported, the price of a slave rose exponentially. The new acts in 1850 forced any citizen who saw a runaway slave to catch them, and “It also denied slaves the right to a jury trial and increased the penalty for interfering with the rendition process to $1000 and six months in jail” (History.com). This was a method rebellion against slaves for escaping, but the act fell through quickly because by then, almost no one
The Underground Railroad was neither underground nor a railroad. It was just called the “Underground Railroad” because it was done in so much disguise and it was also done at night. Some people helped out the slaves during their journey to freedom by allowing them to hide and sleep in their safe houses. Harriet Tubman was a famous “conductor” on the Underground Railroad. She was an escaped slavery to become a leading abolitionist.
“Almost overnight, it seemed, an institution that had long been taken for granted came under intense scrutiny and debate: critics questioned its efficacy and morality, proponents rushed to its defense, and thousands of slaves took advantage of wartime turmoil to flee their bondage” (Kolchin 63). It was the begging and near end of slavery. After the war slavery was still practiced and abundant however it was diminishing, even some slave owners decided to let go and free their slaves because all the bloodshed that was caused. Slavery aimed straight at the public and was given much attention. The Revolution constructed new views and ideas about "liberty" and "equality," which established new laws on human rights.
Underground Railroad Many slaves try to escape to their freedom, but not by just running away, they had help from the underground railroad. The Underground Railroad consist of terms like conductors, stations, lines, and cargo. The conductors were the people who helped and provided the slaves safe passages while traveling the underground railroad. There were multiple conductors in the underground railroad like William Still who helped Harriet Tubman when she was a fugitive , John Parker he worked through the busiest parts of the railroad that transported slaves through the ohio river, Reverend John Rankin worked with John parker, but the fugitive slave that is most famous for the underground railroad is Harriet Tubman.
It 's states that the first African slaves were brought to the United States in 1619 to Jamestown, Virginia. African slaves were brought to the United States to work in the tobacco fields. After so many years of working in the tobacco fields, the owners and the slaves had many more duties. The slaves work evolved into picking cotton, working on plantations in the South, working in the ‘owner 's’ house or babysitting their children. “Snitches” played a big role in the slavery time period, snitches were African slaves that watched other slaves acting as Labor from slaves was not only cheap