Underworld With Ugarit

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The views of the Underworld with Ugarit involved the Royal Cult of the Death which consisted of a deity of death often called Mot. It did not come from cultic texts or offering lists which means people didn’t give the deity offerings and sacrifices. It’s also not a onomastic which means Mot never appeared as part of a person’s name, because nobody wants to be associated with death unlike how most names such as Jeremiah have YHWH incorporated into the name. Also in the view of the Ugarit, the deity is only found in mythology. A commonly known story of Mot/Death is how Mot was the enemy of the main deity Baal, the weather god, who descended into the Underworld. He was trapped in the Underworld by Mot and was unable to get out so another deity…show more content…
The ground under Korah was split apart and swallowed people into the depths of Sheol. The earth then closed over them and they perished from the assembly. One example in the biblical text of the Underworld with Ugarit is King Hezekiah was consigned to the gates of hell for the rest of his years, where he would never be able to see the Lord and never look upon morals again (Isaiah 38:10-11). The Israel people look at the Underworld in a negative aspect where the souls of the dead go after the body dies. Mortals of Egypt will be sent to the “world below” also described as a pit (Ezekiel 32:18). The biblical texts use several adjectives in Ezekiel to describes the Underworld as a terrible, dreadful, and appealing place that makes everyone fear death. In the Proclamation against Tyre, the Underworld is describes as a place where people are “descended into the Pit.. [where they] will live in the world below, among primeval ruins.”In the Underworld for the improper Ancient Israelites, there is a specific place set aside for those who are uncircumcised (Ezekiel 32:19) and slain by a sword (Ezekiel 32:25). They are shammed to live among the “extremities of the pit” together, which is where the Assyrian graves are set (Ezekiel 32:23) which is among the outer edges of the city. The people who live there will have more dreadful and terrible afterlife than those inside the city. The people of…show more content…
The text was found in the home of a political official of the queen’s household, who was most likely to be in charge of the ritual, although the clergy actually performed the rite. The text consists of a crib sheet for the clergy and recounts the words spoken. It recounts the words spoken, but not the actions. The first line of the ritual is the title which is officially called “Document of the sacrificial liturgy of the Shades [of the Dead]” (RS 34.126:1). Lines two and three are the Liturgy, which is the part of the ritual where Rapa’uma is called and the Assembly of Dudanu is summoned. Lines 4 through 12 are summoning all of the decade kings of Ugarit, and lines 9 and 10 are a repeat of lines 3 and 4. and lines 11 and 12 are the most recently deceased kings. The set set of lines, 13-19, are the the moaning of the death of the current king, which is Niqmaddu [III]. In lines 18-19, the ritual calls upon Shapshu, the goddess of the sun, and the next set of lines, 20-26, is Shapshu guiding the recently deceased king into the Underworld. Before entering the Underworld their bodies must be at peace so seven sacrifices must be made which are done within lines 27-30 of the ritual. If their bodies are not at peace, they will not be accepted into the afterlife. The last set of lines, 31-34, are the sacrifices for the living new king and queen. The Funerary Ritual is assumed to
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