There are 54 million people in South Africa, with 4.7 million unemployed which then leads to crime rates increasing as more people become desperate to survive. Although getting an education is a law in South Africa many children do not get this privilege as they cannot afford to go to school (overpopulation) or live far from a school, and some do not get a good education. This therefore leads to the lack of education, which leaves more people without skills and knowledge. The environmental issues are the lack of soil (land), bodies of water (water), forests and air (atmosphere). The over use of natural resources lead to shortages of food, clean water,
Child labor exists even though laws eliminate it. There are many reasons that cause child labor: Poverty and unemployment levels are high – As you see, the most of employed children work in less developed countries by economy. In such countries poor families and children may rely upon child labor in order to improve their chances of attaining basic necessities. According to U.N statistics more than one-fourth of the people around the world live in poverty that is caused by the high unemployment levels. Free education is limited – U.N estimated that approximately 75 million children were not attending school.
Poverty has become one of the main issues in our world in the recent years due to its inevitable causes. Many people are uneducated on poverty, and claim that it does not exist in their city or province. This is untrue because poverty is found even in the richest provinces and most extravagant cities. People who might be struggling with poverty in such places are the laborers, construction workers, bus drivers, and tailors, for their wages are too little to satisfy their families’ basic needs like shelter, food, and proper education. Therefore, poverty leads to pauperism, increase in health issues, and even an increase in crime rate.
o Taking up jobs on temporarily o Lack of experience o Racial discrimination still occurs in many organization. This is a serious cause of unemployment. People who do not accept a certain race, religion, caste and ethnicity still exist and so the survival of earning money becomes difficult and many are forced to leave the country. Ireland has an extraordinary high rate of unemployment . “It is true that the scale of the construction bubble and subsequent bust in Ireland made a considerable amount of economic pain inevitable, but Iceland outside the Eurozone had an even bigger bust and unemployment is now down to below six percent.” (Yglesias.M ,2014) There are ten countries in the Eurozone that have worst of rate than in Ireland.
The lack of government support in poor rural areas, poor economy in families, and absence of schools are one of the main causes of poor quality education. This results in people who can not read or write, or people who choose to have very large families at a young age, or who are involved in drugs and alcohol and throw all your money into addictions. People end up in extreme poverty and without getting any job opportunities. According to UNESCO, poor quality education is leaving a legacy of much more widespread than previously thought illiteracy. In poor countries, about 175 million young people (about a quarter of the youth population) cannot read.
Unemployment is usually caused by the labour force (that is the people who want to work) against the number of jobs and qualifications for them to obtain the job. According to one of the below sites, “Young people are nearly three times more likely to be unemployed than the rest of the population, the largest gap in more than 20 years, according to an analysis of official figures.” This is because more people per age group, who have not finished education, apply for jobs, for which most of the time, they do not have the skill and knowledge which they need. If the youth in under-developed countries or third world countries are fully educated, they may not have the resources that they need in order to use the knowledge which they have, though that is not always the case. But if in fully developed countries, most of their youth population is under-educated, though they have the resources, they will not know how to fully utilize them. Also in some developed countries, racial inequality can also be a cause of poverty as some jobs won’t hire people because of the colour of their skin e.g.
In order to earn a living and become independent most people seek to become employees without exploring the possibilities of becoming an entrepreneur. Entrepreneurship is not only a form of employment but also a way of realising innovative ideas and solutions. Entrepreneurship creates jobs, fosters wealth for society as a whole and, particularly via social entrepreneurship, contributes to community development, supports environmental sustainability and produces social capital. With high levels of youth unemployment, entrepreneurship is increasingly seen and proposed to young people as an alternative way to be active in the labour market, get income and realise their potential. However, the number of young people that engage in entrepreneurial activities is still relatively low.
Without jobs, the youth are living an undesirable life and will grow up to be poor just like they saw their parents live. This is creating a pattern of poverty and no hope of economic advancement for the people of Africa and many people want change. There are many explanations for the youth unemployment rate in Africa rising. One of the most basic
Fr. Conegundo Garganta said the increasing number of child labor is an indicator of the worsening poverty in the country. (Medenilla, 2013) Studies show that children were not able to achieve optimum growth within the first 1,000 days from birth are at higher risk of impaired cognitive development which have adverse effects on their schooling performance and labor force participation and productivity in later life. The ILO earlier raised the alarm over time the estimated 2.4 million Filipino children working in dangerous areas such as sex trade, mining and factories. Widespread poverty has supposedly driven these children to work as
The problem of unemployment is a great concern for youth in several countries in Africa. In South Africa specifically in Gauteng 55% of youths are unemployed, this is supported by the youths in Alexandra by an unemployment rate of approximately 32% (Beall, Crankshaw and Parnell, 2000). The arguments rose by the informants that unemployment is the major reason not partaking in tourism activities which goes hand in hand with lack of education which is one of the many social ill that are faced in townships in South Africa. Lack of employment likewise leads the youths to suffer from many social ills. It is for this reason that they do not have the finances to help them with the basic needs that are needed in our everyday lives, hence impacting on domestic tourism travels.