UCR and NIBRS are regulated and watched by the FBI, but NIBRS is watched more carefully considering it goes into much more detail than the uniform crime report does. NCVS (National Crime Victim Survey) had a total of 84% response rate, fairly well considering how many people do not report crimes that happen to them/someone else. According to the NIBRS official website, from 1980-2014, the year between 2005-2010 had the biggest number of people either in jail, prison, or on parole. As of right now, it is slowly decreasing back down.
The Uniform Crime Report (UCR) is an official record of crime statistics maintained by the FBI. The local police department voluntarily participates by reporting the crimes that occur in their community. Some of the shortcomings of the UCR include the misrepresentation of recorded statistic, based on the victim surveys, only part of the crimes are reported. Secondly, most federal offenses such as victimless crimes and white-collar crimes are not recorded in the UCR. Changes in police administrations, also record- keeping procedures can cause a major effect on crime recording.
For this reason, Spelman seeks to test the remaining methods in order to determine the most appropriate specification for the crime equation. The crime rate data Spelman uses is the data set originally constructed by Marvell and Moody in 1994 (Spelman, 2008, p. 153). The data set is quantitative in nature and consists of violent crimes which include homicide, forcible rape,
The issue of race within the police force dates back to the 1967 President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, which considered the lack of minority officers one of the central problems in policing at that time. Almost 50 years later and
Considering the FBI Uniform Crime Report and the National Crime Victimization Survey Introduction Crime rates of America have pushed its Government to turn to recording of detailed crime history for its further analysis. Though there are two main programs designed for crime uncovering, that is, the FBI Uniform Crime Report and the National Crime Victimization Survey, recent amounts of crime suggest some weaknesses of methods used by them. This paper will consider disadvantages of both programs and on their grounds will suppose the most valuable for criminologists to use as a crime measuring device. Criticism of the FBI Uniform Crime Report The FBI Uniform Crime Report has some disadvantages in comparison with the National Crime Victimization
As of 2007, there were some "17,000 city, county, state, and federal law enforcement agencies” that report their findings to the FBI via the Uniform Crime Report (UCR) and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). (Nolan, Haas, & Napier, 2011, pg. 498). There are sure to be more than that reporting in the last ten years. The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the UCR and the NIBRS as well as give a critique of the methodological procedures and implications of each.
Although, implementation of this system is expected to close the gap of the concerns with the initial UCR, as of 2015, only 33 states were certified to use this system, however, of those certified they may or may not use all of their agencies to report data. The data provided by both the UCR and NIBR depict the number of juvenile arrests, but does not account for all criminal acts committed, such as unreported crime. For this criminologist, must rely on additional research
This viewpoint displays unbiased measures, it demonstrates what society believes is criminal as well as values, and it has since become more detailed and informative due to an increase in agencies providing data (Morden & Palys, 2015). Using this perspective, the UCR seems to be unbiased but because it only has data that is recorded by the police, it is not all that fair. Police officers do not record all reports that are reported and if it is not recorded, then it is not reflected in the UCR. This is an issue in the UCR, and in some part, Statistics Canada for not having the most accurate data being collected and presented to the public. As a result, there are many crimes that also go unreported and is also not reflected in the UCR or in statistics.
The better of the two systems by far is National Incident-Based Reporting System or NIBRS, and basically, it offers much more detail, and for the state (MD) means collecting more quantifiable data. Under NIBRS, each offense incident is reported instead of using summaries as with Uniform Crime Reporting standards. NIBRS includes many more individual elements about events not covered with UCR. Besides, more crimes are reported in NIBRS and cover 49 'Group A ' offenses (Crime Against Person, Crime Against Property, or Crime Against Society).
For example, one could use statistics to show that the violence in a particular region is higher than the violence in another. This would mean that many different factors would have to be taken into question such as, if the area is rural or metropolitan, if the population of that certain territory was high or low, and also what type of religions are followed by the people who live there. According to the City University of New York in 2013 the number of murders in New York City was 335. In Chicago, 414 murders were committed.
One was the majority of the population in the 90’s were elderly. This was not a factor in dropping crime. The second part however was. That was the rate of birth was down due to people having the option to choice to birth a child or have an abortion. Until 1973 abortions were illegal and only rich women were able to get them.
Random sample surveys were conducted in Seattle, Washington by telephone, which asked citizen’s various questions concerning their feelings towards police. These questions included their level of happiness in regards to police problem-solving, their views on police hassling citizens, and if they had ever experienced, or perceived to experience racial profiling or bias by law enforcement (Wu, 2014). Of all the citizens that took part in the survey, 64% of African Americans felt that racial profiling was a problem inside their neighborhoods, 28% of Asians, 20% of whites, and 34% of Hispanics agreed (Wu,
Police count more than ten million serious crimes each year and are categorized as homicides, rape, aggravated assault, etc. (Macionis, p. 216). Criminal behavior exists for various reasons such as drugs, peer pressure, no job, personal upbringing and/or environment. Other reasons for committing a crime include greed, anger, jealously, revenge, or pride ("Causes of Crime"). Crime such as domestic violence often go unreported to the police because a lot of assaults are spousal abuse and the victim does not want to turn in the other for different reasons such as they are blinded by love or too scared of what will happen (Macionis, p. 216).
Crime is a blemish in almost every society. Criminals and law breakers have been around since biblical times and still haunt societies today. The American Criminal Justice System is in place to attempt to help control criminals. The idea is not to create a perfect society where no crime will be committed, but to contain the crime. Predicting crime is not an easy task, criminal justice officials take many steps to prevent crime from happening.