It is estimated that children in the United States ingests three times as many calories from sugar-sweetened beverages as the amount provided in the research trial. It is hypothesized and recommended that the decreased consumption of such beverages could possibly reduce the amount of overweight and obese children. MY ASSESSMENT Ruyter et al, assessed and conducted research that illustrates the importance of and the need to explore and continue research on childhood obesity. Although their research was limited to Amsterdam, the research is definitely relatable to the United States and how we can support and make minor changes that are beneficial to our children. However, prior to assuming that role, additional research should be conducted that corresponds the results to most nationalities, a wider range of ages, additional weight and height measurements, predisposed ailments, and maximum participation.
Since speech audiometry will only reveal approximate thresholds the Ling sounds can be used to assess specific frequencies. For example, the /a/ is associated with 1000 Hertz and the /s/ is associated with hearing at 4000 Hertz. Presentation of these speech sounds at varying intensities will reveal more precise thresholds at different frequencies. It is vital to assess Baily’s hearing because of her speech development history that indicates that she was babbling at 6 months but then seized for 3-4 months after. This may indicate a lack of auditory feedback, as the child was engaging in her communication attempts and can further explain a struggle in understanding
In an experiment conducted by Jennifer Steele from the American University, Students assigned of the former are said to outperform their monolingual peers by 10 percent in reading comprehension. Steele also adds that it is not reading but also in subjects like math or science. She explains the improvement from “metalingustic awareness” or how learning more than one language increases awareness in how languages work overall. Another explanation comes from Gigi Luk from Harvard. From an experiment she conducted on 100 fourth grade students in Massachusetts, test results from a reading test differed from language experiences It was concluded that those whose native language was not English actually scored higher.
Results from a number of studies of bilingual children have indicated poorer phonological skills in young bilinguals than their monolingual counterparts. Gildersleeve-Neumann, Kester, Davis, and Peña (2008) examined the English phonological skills of typically developing, bilingual (English–Spanish) 3-year-olds. The results indicated that the bilingual children showed an overall lower intelligibility rating, made more consonant and vowel errors overall, and produced more uncommon error patterns than monolingual English speakers of the same
M.Mary KonstAntareas, Soula Homatidisin (1988) explained about a study conducted among the family of children with autism spectrum disorder. Approximately in 50 families mothers of children with this disorder are over involved than fathers and it was found that mothers have better awareness than fathers of the child’s strength and weakness. The study found that mother’s protect the husband from caretaking task of child with autism spectrum disorder even if the father’s do come. A paper written by Robin L. Gabriels (2007) focus on the features of autism spectrum disorder and the challenges faced by clinicians working with this population and also discussed about the psychiatric symptoms of autism spectrum
With Reference to the CYP IAPT Core Principles, critically discuss Evidence Based Practice and Routine Outcome Monitoring and the challenges of implementing these within the modality of parenting and within the wider context of practise within the children centres Introduction Studies published by Green, Meltzer, McGinnity, Goodman and Ford in 2004 estimated that 9.6% or nearly 850,000 children and young people aged between 5 -16 had a mental health disorder and it was estimated that a staggering 76% of those CYP with anxiety and depression disorders were not accessing mental health services compared to 35% of adults. As a result of such studies, The children and young people’s improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme (CYP IAPT) was conceived and aimed to transform the delivery of Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CHAMS) across England. CYP IAPT has four core principles, Evidence Based Practice (EBP), Routine Outcome Monitoring (ROM), Participation, and Reflective Practice. This essay will focus on the two principles of EBP and ROM and will consider the challenges of implementing these within the modality of parenting and within the wider context of practise within the children centres. Evidence Based Practise.
This study tried to identify whether ‘talking therapies’ were effective in reducing relapse of moderate to severe depression in young people during a period of one year after treatment ends. Results in this study showed that young participants in all three modalities of the study presented reduced depressive symptoms. STPP was considered as effective as CBT and BPI in holding reduced depressive symptoms a year after the end of treatment with a small advantage of 85% of adolescents treated by STPP not meeting diagnostic measure for depression compared to 75% in CBT and 73% in BPI. Despite these percentages not being considered statistically significant it points out the effectiveness of STPP in decreasing depression in a long term. In relation to the cost of treatments, there were no differences between the three treatments costs at the end of the
As said in the previous topics, starting school early can lead to sleep deprivation which has a serious effect on students academic performance. According to www.everettsd.org “The American Academy of Sleep Medicine says that the lack of sleep impacts performance by reducing concentration, creating attention deficits, slowing reaction times, increasing distractibility… AASM also says that sleep-deprived people are more prone to making errors.” There was a study in 1998 by Amy Wolfson and Mary Carskadon about this topic. They surveyed more than 3,000 high school students about their grades. Their results showed that students with poor grades (C, D, or F) were getting about 25 fewer minutes of sleep than the students reporting better grades (A’s and B’s)(www.everettsd.org)To end that, starting school at a later time can result into students getting better grades and improving their academic
“A study of nearly 100,000 children found that toddlers known to have an elevated risk of autism were no more likely to be diagnosed with the disorder if they were vaccinated against measles, mumps, and rubella than if they weren’t . . . the diagnosis rate for high-risk children who were vaccinated was the same as for immunized children with no family history of the disorder” (Healy 1). What research has found is that there is a link between autism and “exposure to metabolic abnormalities during a crucial part of fetal brain development” (Healy 1).
Parental supervision was believed to be highly associated with truancy, however, association between grade level and truancy were found incoherent. In another study, Vaughn, Maynard, Salas-Wright, Perron and Abdon, (2013) proved that absentee adolescents were older, has lower school engagement and less parental involvement. It was also established that truancy was significantly correlated with poverty status and single-parenthood. Furthermore, Yoep, Tupang, Jai, Kuay, Paiwai, and Nor (2016), likewise observed that students aged 13 years were less likely to be truant as compared with older ones and that adolescents who had parents living together were less truant as those with single-parents. This findings was also seen on other studies on truancy (Muula et al., 2012; Askeland et al., 2015).