Upton Sinclair wrote the Jungle in 1906 during the time of progressivism to portray the horrors of the labor conditions and non existing sanitary conditions of the meat packing industry. Jurgis and his family, immigrants from Lithuania, came to America expecting a prosperous life. The family dreamed of coming to America for a better life full of success and opportunity but as they began working in the stockyards they were exposed to the terrible quality of life experienced by the factory workers. The Jungle tells the story of a family of immigrants coming to America to gain freedom and portrays the dehumanization of the stockyards through the political corruption, inhumane child labor practices, and the horrific working conditions. Jurgis
Jurgis’s dad, Dede Antanas, succumbs to the cold and his damp, dangerous working conditions and dies while working in the pickling rooms at a meat factory. The time for the wedding mentioned in the beginning has arrived, and the outcome leaves the poor family with more than one hundred dollars in debt. Afraid of the consequences of not being able to pay it off, more of the family works harder than ever, including Ona in a ham sewing factory, and eventually the young boys of the family as newsboys. Despite this rising debt, Marija’s factory closes and Jurgis is cut back on his hours. Outraged at this unfairness, Jurgis, as well as the rest of the eligible family members, join the Union and start to participate passionately.
A significant portion of the book is devoted to Shins distant, antagonistic relationship with his family. “When he was in the in the camp-depending upon her all his meals, stealing her food, enduring her beatings- he saw her as competition for survival.” At this time a family was alien to him, as a result didn’t care to share with the guard of his mothers and brothers plan to escape. Also informing on fellow prisoners was encouraged within camp and brought with it the prospect of better treatment and rewards. The principle of guilt by association meant that his family members were punished on another's behalf, and she knew that his mother and brother were putting him at risk. His conquest fear and anger motivated his betrayal and culminated in a stark scene in which he witnessed his mother and brother being executed.
The setting that Sinclair chose was vital in creating that massive uproar in society. The Jungle served to show the ills of Gilded Age capitalism, in the early 1900’s, and also showed how bad living conditions were for the poor people who worked in these industries were. Most of the novel is set in the early 1900’s Chicago district called “Packingtown” where a lot of the United States’ meat packing industry was located, as well as the people who worked in the industry. Sinclair set up Packingtown as a sad, grim, tired town that does not welcome much excitement or happiness, and rather just destroys every last bit of what happiness and hope that remains in it. The town almost seems like it is
Sinclair repeats “odor” (Sinclair 20) twice to convey the disruptive nature of the factory, and the anadiplosis magnifies the effects that the smell has on the people and the area. The odor is the most noticeable effect of the slaughter of animals in the stockyard, and the fact that the word is repeated three times in one sentence reveals how ignorant the family is to the harshness of the situation. Foreshadowing has a large presence as well, as Sinclair hints that there are disastrous activities occurring in the town by depicting the factory’s effects on the surrounding regions. As the family approaches the city, they fail to realize that the sky is graying, and the grass is not as lush as before. They somehow do not realize that the strange odor is abnormal, and the worsening conditions are key to Sinclair’s foreshadowing.
Written as an indirect attack at the labor industry, the real driving force behind the popularity of the novel was that many readers could not fathom the truth behind the meat industry. Which means, rather than seeing change in labor rights, many people instead fixated on his vivid descriptions of meat packing in the text. Sinclair embodied such descriptions of rotten meat, toxic chemicals, dirt, sawdust and even rat droppings, that consumers across the nation could not believe was actually being sold in stores and butcher shops. The story initially begins with a Lithuanian couple who have moved to Chicago in search for a better life. Following the wedding of the two, the main character in the novel, Jurgis, pursues a job at the stockyards of Chicago.
In The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair, he describes the painful and vigorous work in the meat-packing industry, saying, “The hands of these men would be criss-crossed with cuts, until you could no longer pretend to count them...They would have no nails, they had worn them off pulling hides; their knuckles were swollen so that their fingers spread out like a fan. There were men who worked in the cooking-rooms...in these rooms the germs of tuberculosis might live for two years.” These suffering Americans appealed to the government and labor unions for help, but they did not receive it due to lack of union organization, big business ties, and laissez-faire economic ideals. During the Gilded Age, the U.S. government suppressed the average industrial worker, and labor unions, though created for laborers’ aid, accomplished little and were futile when facing big business and government. The government consistently took action that was detrimental to U.S. industrial workers by passing legislation that
Farming is what provides food and money which can only pay for a families hunger and sustainability. Hunger and sustainability defeats the purpose of women’s duties because without men, the family will suffer if the women don’t rely on men doing their jobs. Women are “housekeepers.” They do house duties such as cleaning the house, cooking, washing clothes and dishes. Women are viewed as loyal to their husbands which can lead to gender discrimination. In this case, women do the dirty work to please their man, like cleaning “dirty towel.” In addition, since the towels would get dirty quickly because of constant use at least twice a day, it agitates women of their equal rights as they are not treated with this level of respect which can also be demonstrated when the court attorney, “kicks his foot against the pans under the sink.” This absolutely shows no respect for women because they should when women cook for them.
In the early 1900s, food safety was an incredibly unfamiliar and overlooked part of America’s food industry. Written by muckraker Upton Sinclair, The Jungle, was a controversial novel that depicted the harsh living and working conditions of immigrants working in the food industry. After the release of The Jungle, thousands of meat-eating Americans were horrified at what had been happening in factories. Disgusting yet accurate details presented in The Jungle were the basis for the creation of laws to stop food production from becoming so unsanitary. The Jungle follows a young Lithuanian immigrant named Jurgis Rudkis and his teenage wife Ona.
Soeun worked like an animal and only ate once or twice a day, and one time he received a punishment for giving potato to an old lady. During his entire life at camp, he witnessed many cruelties like having no one to talk to and never going home. Another cruelty that scared his eyes forever was when he saw many people around him die. Another survivor, named Kowith Kret also experienced many tragedies. He faced many struggles during the reign of the Khmer Rouge like suffering from doing forced labor.
The factors that led the three groups for the strike were different in every situation. The miners went on strike because their pay roll were not that good or not that high for live life perfectly. Their working condition not that good, and they wanted their union recognized. The Colorado Fuel and Iron Company also monopolizing them by having to buy good sold at stores run by the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company. In turn the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company also paid the teacher and doctors assigned to the camps.
Miners had to go through many struggles whether it be being paid so little it results in poverty and hunger, working through dangerous conditions that cause accidents and miners being seriously injured and killed, when protesting for these rights for decent pay and better safety they were beaten by company thugs or even the police, they lived in company towns that helped little and made debts go up which resulted in families being forced out of their company houses, and when finally getting these basic rights many miners fell ill due to breathing in the coal dust for many years and no protection from it. Coal mining may have created jobs for poor men and immigrants, and earned the government money yet miners and their families for many years were ignored and looked after so terribly that many lives were lost too prematurely. "The company couldn 't be loved as it many times in the past proved, it didn 't love us." -James McLachlin (miner and union
Statistics show annual dues paid are $8,595,485,222.00; therefore total union assets are $9,095,293,630.00. For example, Journeyman Ironworkers in Oklahoma earn a total package which includes medical insurance, retirement, 401K, etc. currently at $37.56 an hour. The more wages that are earned elevates the standard of living for America’s working class. Union workers are trained with skills, and they take pride in their work, which lead to higher wages.
“Unions are one of the forces in shaping organizational practices, legislation, and political thought.p327” (Bowin & Brown, 2001). By definition unions are “an organization of employees united to act as a single unit when dealing with management work issues p. 326 (Bowin& Brown, 2001) organized group of workers that come together to make decision about their work conditions. Often times employees have a strong desire to form unions at work due to the feeling of powerlessness, underpaid, or poor working conditions. Leaders do not always care for unions due to their ability to drive the organization in terms of economical impacts, promotion, as well as other working conditions. Unions were created around the year of 1886 and continue to exist in today’s workforce.
In this era it talks about how a rebellious crowd goes on strike because of better wages and working conditions for all workers in a factory or industry so they decided to join the labor union. The first labor union was the Knights of Labor was founded in the 1870s. Another early labor (AFL), led by Samuel Gompers, unlike the Knights the AFL organized individual national unions, such as the mineworkers’ and steelworkers’ union. afl’s member were higher than knights of labor, had collective bargaining. People went on labor strikes because wanted better chances they wanted more wage and less hours and safe environments.