Antibiotic medications have saved many people’s lives. Unfortunately antibiotics are no longer as effective in stopping pathogenic bacteria infection. Currently there is an antibiotic resistance crisis since may bacteria have become or are becoming resistant to all of the antibiotics developed. Instead of researching new antibiotics, which will continue to promote antibiotic resistance, antibiotic stewardship should be promoted specifically dealing with preventing infections, monitoring antibiotic prescription, and developing laboratory tests that provide accurate results faster. Hospitals need to reduce the infections contracted during patients stays in their facilities.
Class 8TP4DQ1&2 How would you respond if you were diagnosed with HIV? Address hope and fear in your response. Be sure to refer to the GCU introduction and the textbooks. Cite references from your reading to support your answer. If I was diagnosed with HIV, I would be in shock/disbelief, and I may ask to repeat the blood test, to make sure that the diagnosis is correct.
An example of this in the film is proven when Miller visits his doctor after he was in casual contact with Beckett, knowing that Beckett is HIV-positive. Miller assumed he could contract the virus through airborne particles settling on his clothes. Miller’s physician had to explain to him that HIV can only be transmitted through bodily fluids such as blood, semen, and vaginal secretions. Another example of an inaccurate interpretation of how HIV is spread in the film is the scene when Wheeler stated to the partners that“ Andy brought AIDS to our office.” AIDS is a syndrome: a collection of multiple symptoms that are acquired from Human Immunodeficiency virus. HIV is transmitted through exchanges of bodily fluids via blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk.
Every individual wishes to be healthy and disease free. Occasionally, the human health gets negatively affected due to pathogenic, disease causing microorganisms. In such cases, one takes antibiotics to cure themselves from this condition. Another mechanism to deal with this problem is vaccination which a prevention mechanism. Let us take a look at both these methods to fight diseases.
In the case of HIV/AIDS, experimental can be used to determine the frequency of the disease by taking a group of patients with HIV/AIDS, and they receive the control cure. In most cases a placebo treatment if preferable in the control group but in cases where accepted treatment is required it is not ethical to use a placebo. (Pappas, Rex, Lee, Hamill, Larsen, Powderly, & Horowitz, 2003). Then lastly the control groups are followed for a certain amount of time, and the appropriate measurement is taken to show the results of each group. 2.Under what conditions will you conduct a case-control study as opposed to a cohort study?
To finalize how the Ebola Virus can be monitored and combated, a decisive look was taken into its working at a cellular level within the human body. The above text presented how the Ebola Virus spreads and affects various parts of the human body. An understanding was produced on the limitations of administering a drug or vaccine against this deadly virus, along with the methods doctors and scientists provide towards the treatment of infected patients. And finally, prevention methods were stated in order to prevent the virus from developing or spreading. Prevention is the cheapest way of avoiding the accumulation of the Ebola Virus and goes with the saying ‘Prevention is better than
In a normal vaccination, a weakened form of the virus is injected into an individual in order to build resistance to the disease. A similar procedure is used to ‘inoculate’ an individual from attacks on his belief. According to the theory, a weakened or smaller dose of a contrary argument called the inoculation message is given to the people. These individuals who have been exposed to the weaker argument develop a defense system that helps them to retain their beliefs and not change their attitudes when they are confronted with a stronger form of the argument. Research has proved that the inoculation process is more successful that simply reinforcing original beliefs with stronger evidence.
An Ethical Problem can be defined as when a professional is faced or/placed in a situation in which the decision could possibly affect the client negatively, thus this ethical problem forces the counsellor/professional to reflect on what the right thing to do is under the specific circumstances (Allan, 2011). The case study stated that Thumi wants to continue having intercourse with Anthony as normal whilst knowing that she is HIV positive, this is the ethical problem. By having this information (that Thumi is HIV positive and what she intends to do leads to the ethical dilemma. The journal of American psychotherapy stipulated that counsellors are frequently faced with dilemmas, how they respond to these situations can either be ethical or
The treatment will help address the patient so that they will understand what are the interpersonal problems they are facing in hopes that they will be able to reconstruct and maintain a positive attitude toward the problems they face. When the therapy is coming to an end, the therapist will remind the patient about this fact and this will help the patient to be more confident and independent by seeing how much have they accomplished. During the ending of the session, the therapist should consider to either continue treating the patient or to stop treating the patient as they feel it is sufficient enough that the individual has overcome the problem on their own. The role of the therapist is to obtain the trust of the patient, in essence to become their ally. During the sessions there are no task or assignments given to the patient, the goal is to solve the interpersonal problem the individual is facing.2 Communication during Counseling Counseling does not only involve the process of explaining the problem, therefore a counselor must not only give advice but they must also have faith that their patient is going to recover and become better.
For examples, for elderly patients, primary care doctors can warn them about the importance of exercising regularly and controlling diets, so as to prevent progression of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. By altering life style, patients’ risk of suffering from chronic illnesses will be reduced, this can lower the burden of public hospitals in handling with chronic illnesses. Primary care doctors have the ability to analyze and decide whether the patients require a referral to specialists. Instead of referring the patients that are hard to handle immediately, primary care doctors should treat the patients with their utmost effort if they have the ability to treat the patients. Some doctors are not fulfilling their own roles nowadays, they are not treating patients if they found the conditions are complicated and take long time of following up, they will rather referring to specialists than treating it themselves, this will increase the burden on the specialists service.
The first step a treatment would be to correct any physical abnormalities such a anemia, or obstruction. Seeing a psychiatrist may help to identify what stressors could have contributed to the disorder and what one might be able to change in lifestyle or substitute the inclination inn exchange for. A good support system is also key in recovery. Having family members and friends in times of temptation is great and an award to look forward to when on the right
Tolicia, I agree that getting patients involved in all aspects of their care would greatly reduce the number of medication errors. If a patient knows what their medication looks like, what time they take it, what route it is administered, and what it is for, then this will protect them from receiving the wrong medication. Encouraging patients to get involved in their care would also present more opportunities for patient education and it would allow the patient to ask any questions they may have about their condition, and to mention any side effects or new problems they are experiencing. Urging patients to speak up about their medication administration could also allow the doctors and nurses extra opportunitites to evaluate if the medication
The health record of the 30 year-old patient contains his HIV status. Such information is considered sensitive due to the stigmatization associated with HIV/AIDS complications. Therefore, the ethical guidelines of maintaining confidentiality and using the coding system are important for protecting the patient’s rights. In such cases, AHIMA recommends that healthcare providers should access only the necessary information. For instance, healthcare providers should identify the patient with his admission number rather than his real name or personal details as a way of protecting her identity.