However, only some of the abovementioned compromises may be adequately prevented through data security. Consequently, data backup, duplication and storage become critical for ensuring data integrity. Other data integrity security best practices include input validation to prevent the entering of invalid data, error detection/data validation to identify and check errors in data transmission, and security measures such as data loss prevention, access control, data encryption, and more. Most of the business debates and concerns regarding cyber threats have focused on the confidentiality, accessibility and availability of information. In the future, it is expected more cyber operations to change or manipulate electronic information in order to compromise its integrity in terms of accuracy and reliability, instead of deleting it or disrupting access to it.
Regular change of password, two-factor authorization is recommended. Moreover, identical passwords for several logins and storing it in computer are indeed a threat for all the accounts. Firewall: Deny public access except the web server by utilising firewall. Keep an eye on any suspicious activity in logs. Change backend URL and use SSL for backend.
Setting file permissions is a form of DAC because it is the owner’s discretion. Configuring as many security layers as the user can will ensure the server will stay secure. Not all OS are 100% secure, but they can be configured to make it very hard for a hacker to
Moreover, it is also possible that a conflict between personal protection and legal system data to happen, at any place in the cloud provider (Fortinova, 2013). 2.2) Security of cloud computing Generally, when the security word comes to be the topic it means, the safety of institutions or organizations against the cyber criminal and in simpler terms, free from any vulnerabilities and risks. It has been said that cloud computing is one recent innovation that opens a lot of opportunities for the people up to their conveniences, nonetheless, it comes with a lot of issues in the computer world; the fundamental question is “how secure is cloud computing?” and the answer can be one incredible discussion (Davenport, 2012). In any institution and organization, having web-based applications run in the network server, it will always has the potential of being attack. This is the most important for any institution and organization to worry about: the data protection, as storing the data in the cloud will pose some risks of exposing the private and confidential data to the other users or hijackers to be exact.
Additionally, risks associated with outage or lock-in of a single CSP are reduced. This provides a high level of availability and reliability for the service. Observation_2: CSUs can use different types of devices, for example, a laptop or a mobile device to access the storage service. A CSP uses notification servers to synchronise the CSUs’ files between the devices. Observation_3: As seen in the model, each CSP uses a database server to store and manage metadata.
The process results in errors and often leaves the patient uncertain about how much they need to pay. If these coerces were instead converted into computer algorithm (smart contracts) making advantage of Blockchain technology, the claim process would not only be interoperable, but also effort innovation, standardization and research. Trust and transparency can be injected into the process when both the data and the logic driving these decisions is stored permanently and made available to all shareholders through a database like blockchain. The result will be a standard shift toward transparency and interoperability, enhancing the speed and accuracy of cost reporting to patients. 4.
RBAC focuses not only on accessible data, but also on whom an access is granted . Role based access control enables security administrator to easily manage dynamically changing privacy rules. As the permissions are not assigned to the user directly and just inherited through the role, it simplifies such operations as adding a new user or user’s relocation in organization. Performance of composite operations is a considerable advantage of RBAC model compared to DAC and MAC models where only atomic operations are possible. For instance, RBAC enables to make a record “blood sugar level test”, enter a diagnosis, treatment, prescription etc.
These are (Virtual Private Network) VPN Policy, Password Policy and Acceptable Use Policy. Acceptable Use Policy is a policy that outlines the acceptable use of computer equipment. This policy is in place to protect employees in regards to inappropriate use. Any case of inappropriate use can expose the network to several risks, including viruses. Passwords are the frontline of protection of user accounts.
With the enactment of HIPAA, the ability to accurately and reliably share data across these various systems is crucial. A data breach is a very real risk associated with cloud computing and as cloud-based platforms for big data get more popular; they will become targets of malicious activity. Also with so many devices feeding into one service, it is crucial that the cloud application has secure API’s that cannot be bypassed or circumvented. If measures are not taken to assure stakeholders that these standards are met, the sustainability of this initiative will be short
Without human factors, random passwords, system-selected passwords, and long passwords can be considered as secure as compared to passwords based on names, passwords selected by user, and long short passwords. In addition, the habit of forcing users to make changes to password frequently and requisition for users to have different passwords for different entries should be adequate in efforts to fighting unsecure access. However, human factor is an issue that cannot be ignored in the contemporary society. This is because when the above restrictions have been implemented on a system, the users are forced to write down their passwords in order to be able to retrieve them whenever they seem to forget. Either on yellow stickers pasted on stations, cheat slip in the user's upper drawer, or on a file in the hard disk, the users find it hard to resist the urge to write down the passwords thus exposing their systems further.