When the whites only section filled up. She refused to give up her seat to the new white riders. She was arrested and stood trial for violating segregation laws. Montgomery Bus Boycott- People walked, bikes, joined carpools. In 1956 they let blacks ride buses.
The Montgomery boycott was a non-violent riot, that naturally discontinued the use of public busses to express the unequal treatment by the bus system, government, and community. Since December 5, 1955, 42,000 African Americans did not take the bus. Martin Luther King stated " you don 't get the Promised Land without going through the Wilderness" which means having courage to take the risk and fight for your freedom. African Americans did not share anything with the White Americans; from seats, to schools and restrooms to water fountains, meant they are "separate but equal." It was time to revolt, but in a Christian and nonviolent way.
Two years after his discharge, he attended Alcorn College, which is now called Alcorn State University, in Lorman, Mississippi. He majored in business administration. During his last year of college, Medgar married Myrlie Beasley and later had three children named Darrell, Reena, and James. After graduating from Alcorn in 1952, Medgar moved to Mound Bayou, MS, where T.R.M. Howard had hired him to sell insurance for his insurance company.
As a child William mother gave him away to a white ink manufacturer who advocated the abolitionist and temperance movement. This white family known as the Williston’s of Northampton, Massachusetts raised William. William attended Oberlin College and after graduation he spent his life campaigning for the rights of African Americans. Furthermore, William became a secretary of the National Negro Convention in
Tommy, as he was called in his youth, was the third of four children to grow up in the Wilsons ' warm, studious and devout household. The family lived all over the South, moving from Staunton, Virginia to Augusta, Georgia in Tommy’s first year, to Columbia, South Carolina, in 1870, where Reverend Wilson taught at the Columbia Theological Seminary (he began teaching in Wilmington, North Carolina, in 1874). Witnessing the ravages of the Civil War up close, Reverend Wilson, a Northern transplant, adopted the Confederate cause, and his mother nursed wounded soldiers. Tommy saw Confederate president Jefferson Davis march through Augusta in chains, and always remembered looking up into the face of the defeated General Robert E.
Dr. Seuss attended Dartmouth College, where he became the editor in chief of its humor magazine, Jack-O-Lantern. After graduating from Dartmouth, Geisel attended Oxford University in England. His planned was to become a professor but life had different plans for him. He met his wife Helen Palmer at the Oxford University. They got married in 1927 that same year he dropped out of Oxford, and the couple moved back to the United States.
Dr. John M. Gandy (1870-1947) was born on October 31, 1870 in Oktibbeha County, Mississippi. Gandy started his education in a one room school system in Mississippi. Gandy education consisted only of a seventh grade education By the age of fifteen Gandy already began teaching at a school in Stone Mountain, Mississippi after receiving a third grade teaching certificate. While studying at Columbia University in New York, he took nonresident graduate courses and earned a Ph.D. at Illinois Wesleyan University. (Jones, “Gandy”) Receiving degrees of Doctor of Philosophy from Morgan State University in 1920 soon after appointed professor of Greek and Latin at Virginia Normal and College Institute.
The whole protest was a turning point in favor of the Civi Rights Movement (Gilmore), and it inspired the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom campaign and the Civil Rights act of 1964 (Children’s Crusade). After King’s death, left the SCLC and turned more towards a political approach. He was a big supporter of Ronald Reagan and he worked with Lyndon LaRouche and joined him being the Vice Presidential candidate in 1992. He also worked with the Nation of Islam’s leader Louis Farrakhan with the 1995 Million Man March (James
MLK Jr. ended segregation against african american, and gave his life for it. People looked at Rosa Parks and decided to start the bus boycott, because at the webpage here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montgomery_Bus_Boycott, it shows this: “The Montgomery Bus Boycott, a seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. The campaign lasted from December 1, 1955—when Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person—to December 20, 1956, when a federal ruling, Browder v. Gayle, took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional.” Martin Luther King Jr. had changed segregation all over the United States by giving his whole life, right here:
Despite being afraid of what happened, he freed himself, his family and other slaves from captivity aboard a Confederate slave ship that was in transit overseas. After this, during and after the Civil War, he became a politician and a ship captain. He showed how even in a nightmare situation, you can still overcome. The lady known as Claudette Colvin was also a person who decided to go against the rules of bus transit for African Americans, not Rosa Parks. In Montgomery, she was only 15 years old when she refused to give up her seat on a bus and was carried away by 2 police officers and taken to an adult prison to be booked.
Social The Freedom Riders illustrated an evolution in the strategies used during the Civil Rights Movement. They encouraged community of equality to outlaw segregation. In 1961, they organized the freedom rides, which was a series of bus trips through the American South to protest segregation in interstate bus terminals. They went against the belief of white supremacy to obtain equality for all.
The start of the Civil right movement was at the March on Washington on where 250,000 people marched to the Lincoln Memorial, where Martin Luther King gave his famous “I have a Dream” speech. In the crowd at the March on Washington, they had undercover marshals in the crowd to keep the peace, but “the marchers chose peace that sunny Wednesday” (www.history.com Civil Rights Movement). If they hadn’t chosen peace like Malcolm X did, and then the problem would have just gotten worse. The marches and protests were important stepping stones to pass the civil rights. So Martin Luther King brought many people together through his many boycotts, marches, and peaceful protests.
This was organized by the Police Commissioner Bull Connor and Police Sergeant Tom Cook, who was a supporter of the Klan. The pair wanted the rides to end in Alabama. They told Gary Thomas Rowe and FBI informer who was a member of the Eastview Klavern #13 which is one of the most violent Klan group in Alabama that they would have fifteen minutes to attack the Freedom Riders and not be arrested. On May 14th KKK members attacked the first of the two buses, the driver tried to leave the station they were at but the Klan slashed their tires. The bus got a few miles down the road and then the Klan firebombed the bus.
Black citizens loved their Montgomery city they did not want to destroy it, but they did want to end segregation before it destroyed their race. Immediately WPC Would distribute thousands of leaflets to every black home in Montgomery letting them know about the Boycott. The black minster and their churches made the Montgomery Bus Boycott the success that it was. Shortly after Dr. King was the elected spokesman for the boycotting people. The organization of the boycott organized routes and mapped out to get workers to all parts of the city.
The Birmingham campaign in 1963 was of mass importance to the civil rights movement. It was lead by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the campaign itself was lead by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Reverends James Bevel and Fred Shuttlesworth, among others. They protested with sit ins, marches and boycotts at what was known as the most racist state in America to try and change the segregation laws. During the Birmingham campaign Martin Luther king disobeyed protesting laws and was arrested along with hundreds of other civil rights activists. The next day the head of the Birmingham police force gave orders that it was okay to use force against the protesters and the images of children being sprayed with firehouses and beaten appeared on televisions and in newspapers all over the world and gained national attention and after successfully negotiating a compromise with the attorney general the protests were called off on the 8th May 1961 making it one of he most important and successful campaigns of the civil rights era.