Unit 731 It was in Manchuria, China, from 1938 to 1945, that Shiro Ishii and his Japanese army carried out experiments that resulted in things arguably more inhumane than the Holocaust. Unit 731 held Chinese, Russian, Manchurian, and even some American prisoners and used them as human guinea pigs before most of them ultimately died. Biological weapons were used against these prisoners as test subjects, resulting in up to 400,000 deaths. The goal of this paper is to bring light to what really happened in this research and development unit and discuss whether or not these things are validated. Unit 731 was the brainchild, or idea and invention, of General Shiro Ishii.
Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder and the first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, and has been one of the most significant figures in Japanese history. Besides being such a successful and powerful ruler, Ieyasu had immensely changed the way Japanese society was structured and organised. From 1603-1608, Tokugawa began the modernisation of Japan. He became the first shogun who had more power over the emperor, and started changing the ways of Japan’s trade, economy, agriculture and social hierarchy. Ieyasu’s ‘main political goal was to cut off the roots of potential dissent and rebellion’ (University of Colorado, 2015); he did so when his army was victorious at the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600.
Pol Pot wanted the country to be self-sufficient, hence why the whole population was put into labour camps. People were treated like machines and food was scarce. One school was turned into a concentration-camp-like prison and interrogation centre named S-21. S-21 was designed for detention, interrogation and inhumane torture, it included a torture chamber that was used if prisoners didn’t obey the rules. Some of the rules included “You must immediately answer my questions without wasting time to reflect” and “Do nothing, sit still and wait for my orders.
Ieyasu triumphed in the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 and became shogun to Japan’s imperial court in 1603. Tokugawa Ieyasu was a military leader who completed the final stage of reunification, he tried to invade china through Korea in the 1590s, and in the time period between 1612 and 1614 he tries to eliminate Christianity by ordering all foreign priest to leave the country. Tokugawa Ieyasu legacy was to complete the process of national reunification.in 1603 Ieyasu resigned and put his 26 year old son Hidetaka in his place. Japanese Christians were banned from practicing their religion to enforce this law, the shogunate required all citizens to sign up with their local Buddhist temple anyone who refused, were considered untrustworthy. The Shimabara Rebellion, made up mostly of Christian peasants, started in 1637-38, but was stamped out by the shogunate.
He conquered the trading centers of Timbuktu and Jenne. Sunni Ali increased the size of the Songhai Empire to include much of Mali. He relied on his highly mobile cavalry and naval control of the Niger River to build the Songhai Empire. Sunni Ali’s government was highly centralized unlike Mali’s. He favored a more traditional balance of power in which the interests of Muslim and non-Muslims were heeded.
He agreed to resume his role as tsar, but demanded absolute control of the oprichnina, the land surrounding Moscow. To carry out his policing and spread of terror, Ivan created Russia's first secret police force, the Oprichniki. They systematically executed thousands for suspected betrayal, including many innocents such as Prince Alexander Gorbatyi-Shuisky. During this time Ivan saw a major personality switch. His formerly ascetic life was now consumed with lavish feasts and orgies for his pleasure (Ivan the
Akechi Mitsuhide and Hashiba Hideyoshi wanted to give him reinforcements, but Nobunaga refused. Therefore, those two generals were forced into concentrating on laying siege to the Mōri and Ukita castles rather than helping Yukimori. By 1563, Môri Motonari had penetrated the borders of Izumo and was besieging the strategically vital Shiraga Castle. Yukimori was dispatched in relief with 200 horsemen and while he failed to lift the siege, he did distinguish himself for bravery. Further displays of his martial abilities would come in 1565, when the Môri surrounded Gassan-Toda, the Amako's headquarters.
Hirohito became emperor of Japan in 1926. The emperor had supreme authority over Japan, but some historians believe that Hirohito simply accepted the advice of Japanese ministers and military advisers. The role that Hirohito played in formulating Japan’s expansionist policies and in the Nanjing Massacre remains a debatable topic, and many historians have contradicting opinions on exactly how influential Hirohito was. For one, there is still controversy relating to Hirohito’s true role in political and military affairs. Some historians believe that Hirohito had limited influence over military and politics despite the political turmoil during his early reign.
Such as Frederick William I of Prussia, otherwise known as “The Soldier King”. He increased his army, and land which therefore increased his power over the country. By increasing his army he made his country feel safe, and instilled fear in his people. This caused for his power over the people to increase therefore allowing him to become an absolute monarch. Louis the XIV also increased his military powers, which increased his total power.