Mental illnesses are characterized by modifications in thinking; mood or behavior (or some combination thereof) associated with significant distress and impaired functioning over an extended period of time (World Health Organization, 2006). The symptoms of mental illness vary from mild to severe, depending on the type of mental illness, the individual, the family and the socioeconomic environment (Health Canada, 2002a). According to the World Health Organization, the stigma and discrimination that exist towards people with mental health problems is one of the most important issues to overcome in mental health policy (World Health Organization, 2001a). The mental health advocacy has been developed to promote the human rights of persons with mental disorders and to reduce stigma and discrimination. In many developing countries, mental health advocacy groups have not yet been formed or are in their infancy (Canadian Alliance on Mental Illness and Mental Health, 2008).
I. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, more well-known as ADHD, is a disorder that affects 9% of children in the U.S. When left untreated, ADHD can lead the sufferer to be unable to cope in school or socially and possibly leads to depression. ADHD is a hyperactivity disorder with many symptoms that can be treated through therapy, emotional counselling, and use of medications. II. There is a plethora of symptoms when it comes to ADHD.
This illness is a serious mental disorder with numerous types of symptoms. Schizophrenia does not signify a split personality, the illness means “split mind.” A schizophrenic is unable to control his or her own mind. With some
Because many syndromes and other related conditions comprise the commonly known “spectrum,” addressing autism can be a challenge. “Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. They include Rett Syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental-disorder- not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and
These all features make barriers in the child ability to take part in socialization. Many studies have been conducted about the autism spectrum disorder, its characteristics and different treatment. Autism Spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder which mainly affects
According to the Miriam-Webster dictionary, aphasia is the “loss or impairment of the power to use or comprehend words usually resulting from brain damage.” This means that some type of injury, illness, or disease, has compromised structures within the brain and caused the loss of ability to form words and sentences or in understanding communication in general. People with aphasia have a variety of abilities and disabilities, ranging from difficulty with reading, writing, speaking, and understanding speech. The location of the damage to the brain is the key factor in determining what types of deficits the person may have. In addition, the extent of the damage is important in predicting how severe the damage is, as well as their ability to recover from it. Aphasia itself can be broken down into two main groups, fluent and nonfluent aphasias, with several subgroups within each.
My priority is to ensure safety of staff and clients. All the work is done safely. Some residents when admitted to the home are poorly, the care they receive helps them get better. Sometimes when admitted they can’t mobilise at all, we refer them to physio to help with mobility, and they learn to walk with a Zimmer frame. All information and data are kept safe and confidential, and can only be disclosed if the client gives us permission to do so.
Introduction There have been a variety of studies, which have established how disruptions to attachment and bonding can negatively effect on emotional and psychological development. Family separation and loss experiences have been clearly identified as a risk factor for mental health problems in childhood and adulthood. Way of thinking, temperament and experiences all things play important roles, children who have had broken up relationships with primary caregivers are more likely to have compromised mental health. Separation and loss can be traumatic and its impact depends on the situation of the separation or loss. The work of Van der Kolk (1996) and others (Glaser, 1998) also work on the effect of attachment on mental health ,time addition ,situation ,or conflict between child r care giver, sometimes effect psychological and biologically.
Bremner stated that human bodies react to situations that can lead to hazardous forms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Bremner concluded that PTSD can cause depression, nightmares, flashbacks, and lack of memory. This type of stress is very unhealthy and can change the way that the brain develops and functions. The data is credible and has a significant amount of information that helps in explaining why stress affects the brain. The author provides many specific examples that helped the reader understand the main points.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health problem that develops following exposure to a stressful event or a situation of an exceptionally threatening or catastrophic nature. These symptoms are grouped into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in emotional reaction. Being exposed to such an event can challenge our belief that life is fair and affect our sense of security and safety. One main hallmark of PTSD is that the individual re-experiences symptoms in a vivid or distressing way, and this often occurs nightmares or flashbacks. Also, traumatic child loss is a major trigger in PTSD.