United Nations Security Council Case Study

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UN is the most powerful and famous international organization which was built in 1945. Since the end of WWII, the UN actively participates in the problem of the whole world. In order to keep the peace between the states and provide security to people within the state, UN is divided to six main bodies: General Assembly, Security Council, International Court and Justice, Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council and Secretariat.
The two bodies of UN, General Assembly and Security Council, fulfill the most important functions. However both of them have weaknesses within the system. To eliminate the weaknesses, both of them need to be reformed. Firstly, need to revise General Assembly, as long as it is responsible for the issues likes
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It is responsible for the peace between nations by regulating and preventing military conflicts. UNSC was challenged by recent armed conflicts like Iraq war, civil war in Ukraine, national liberation movement in Kosovo and rising terroristic activities like ISIS’s. Due to the responsibility of Security Council for the protection of the UN members, they have tended to be criticized for inability to solve those conflicts. That is the reason why improvement of current UNSC organization and structure, which consists of 5 permanent large states (P5), can be considered as one of the ways to reform UN. Possible problem with the current UNSC system could be paucity of its members, as it was mentioned earlier, permanent members are only five states: United Kingdom, China, the U.S, France and Russia. Paucity of its members gives to these five states excessive power in solution of important cases. It can lead to irrational decisions which are probably caused by seeking of these states to their own self-interests. The possible solution for this problem could be increase of the United Nations Security Council permanent members. It should be made not in the way of addition similar world leading states. It would be better if this reform takes into consideration representatives of developing countries and representatives of the third world. It can be claimed that productivity of UNSC would increase by this process. If all of them have equal vote, it can result in more rational decisions which will cover different worlds’ states interests. The same point of view has Joko Widodo, the president of Indonesia, who claimed that UNSC needed reform in order to equally protect interests of all nations. In any case, this possible reform has a significance to be considered in a more detailed manner on UN’s usual
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