The Constitution and the Dred Scott case each viewed the three-fifths compromise from a different perspective in which one opposed and the other supported it. The Constitution declared for the distribution of political power among the states while the Dred Scott decision fought against it wanting slaves to be free. Both sources gave me a better understanding of the issue that is being debated and why it is so historically important. I agree with the Dred Scott case in terms of it fighting for freedom. There is a current issue being dealt with today similar to the political issue of the three-fifths compromise making it difficult to expand states.
The amendment process involves having both the houses of Congress and the states vote. The houses of Congress requires a ⅔ vote and the states require a ¾ vote. As of today, Congress have only ratified 17 amendments and each amendment has impacted the American society economically, socially, and politically. The 14th amendment was adopted on July 9, 1868, which is one year after the civil war ended. The purpose of the civil war was to end slavery and at the end of the war when the slaves were free, Congress implemented an amendment that helped the African American slaves become citizens of the united states.
At the Constitutional Convention in 1787, differences between the delegates and the interests they represented made compromise absolutely necessary. Debates over representation led to two very well-known compromises. These compromises are the Great Compromise and the Three-Fifths Compromise. The Great Compromise led to the establishment of a two house legislature, which resolved disputes between small and large states. The Three-Fifths Compromise gave the South more representation by counting slaves as three-fifths of a person.
At the start is was not the aim to a abolish slavery but join America as a nation, abolition came later. This was because of the military necessity, growing anti-slavery sentiment in the north and the self-emancipation of many African Americans. This is where they fled enslavement as Union troops and went through the South, five days after the bloody Union victory at Antietam in September 1862, Lincoln made it official that “slaves within any state, or designated part of a state in rebellion shall be then and thenceforward, and forever free” (Networks, 2015). Nearly 100 years after this the African Americans in the Southern states still inhabited as starkly unequal world of disenfranchisement, segregation and various forms of oppression, this included violence because of the colour of their skin. The “Jim Crow” this law barred African Americans from bathroom, classrooms, theatres and train cars.
Aquinas’s probable view on the slave trade in 19th Century Looking at Aquinas viewpoint on slavery and his theory of just law and unjust law, it’s quite likely that he would have abhorred the African slave trade in the nineteenth century. It certainly cannot be considered as the form of natural slavery as they did not need to be enslaved for the sake of their own benefit. The forcible removal of Africans form their native land and being transported to southern United States was clearly not beneficial for them but was perhaps only beneficial for the slave traders and rich farmers who needed them for slave labour. They also did not have any debts to repay as form of justifying their slavery to the Southerners. It was a practice clearly financially
During the late 1800s, because the South had been decimated by the end of the Civil War, .the Reconstruction Period was initiated to aid the South’s recovery. Although the Civil War did abolish slavery and unify the North and the South, the war not resolve racial prejudice, the South’s damage, and the African Americans’ economic instability. The Reconstruction Period was initiated in order to prevent economic instability and the structural ruin, because since slavery was abolished, and the South was completely dependent on slaves, therefore slaves could not work for the South to maintain the economy, and slaves also could not fix up the damages done to the structures done to the South during the war. By starting the Freedmen’s Bureau and passing
Johnson, being a Democrat, allied himself with the ex-Confederates because he shared the same beliefs as them regarding freed slaves. They believed that they should be forced to continue working on plantations, which is Johnson enacted the Black Codes, which were meant to force former slaves to work back on plantations. To make matters worse, Johnson was pardoning ex-Confederate leaders even though they had directly fought against the Union. This resulted in the republicans calling Johnson “a traitor to
But then president Franklin gave the black Americans hope, since he made the New Deal Program, that benefits the blacks (though he didn’t end the Jim Crows law, because he still want the support from the southern). Jobs became available again after world war two, many blacks came to the north to get job and get rid of the Jim Crows law. Though the northern militaries were influenced by the southerns attitude to the blacks, so there was a segregation in the military. From 1920s blacks were slowly being accepted, through their books, sports and
Lincoln’s and Douglass’s views differed from Davis’s because they did not consider the slaves as a chattel. Lincoln declared slavery illegal in the Confederate States in the famous Emancipation Proclamation. There is a famous quote form Douglass: where justice is denied and where any one class is made to feel that society is in an organized conspiracy to oppress and degrade them, neither persons nor property will be safe. Also, their views differed from Lydia Maria Child’s. Lincoln and Douglass believed the Constitution should be a protection against, rather than a sanction for slavery.
The Confederate states also issued their own Constitution, which was basically based on the United States Constitution, except the Southern Constitution defended slavery. The election separated the nation in half and also urged 7 states including South Carolina seceded from United States. From then on, the pro-slavery and anti-slavery were officially against each other, which soon gave rise to the Civil War. In conclusion, the issue of slavery precipitated the Civil War. Uncle Tom’s Cabin gave a strong social effect on opposing slavery, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was the prelude of the Civil War, and the Election of 1860 splitted the nation into two sides, which directly led to the War.
They were against boosting the power of the federal government. However, while the republicans supported self-rule, they also endorsed the ownership of slaves. This is an obvious contradiction as demonstrated by the republicans wanted the federal government to lack authority over them; however, they approved the continuation of slavery. The majority of the supporters were southern landholders and laborers everywhere. Meanwhile, the Federalist Party supported Hamilton’s economic policies and Jay’s Treaty (Schultz, 2009).
Lower and South and Upper South had to go to war to decide whether what side to pick. The Deep South was slave based agriculture and the Upper south had a variety of economy. Abraham Lincoln and John Crittenden did not want this circumstance to progress in a negative way. “The Crittenden Compromise proved unworkable. Secessionists in the Deep South had no interest in returning to
“Federalists argued that the Constitution did not need a bill of rights, because the people and the states kept any powers not given to the federal government.” (http://www.billofrightsinstitute.org/founding-documents/bill-of-rights/). This quote means that anything the federal government does not control, the states would control. An example of this would be the Tenth Amendment, which is anything that is not controlled by the federal government went to the control of the state. The southern states pre-civil war favored this amendment because it gave them the control they wanted over slavery. The concept of slavery being taken away as a right led to the Southern states seceding, becoming a “country” of their own.
South vs North The south thought they could do what they wanted .Before the Civil War the South depended on slavery and the North was more of a Industrial.Then there were arguments about slavery should not be in the new states .People came up with compromises to fix all the fuss of which state is free and which state is a slave one.Then later the south ignore the compromises and did what wanted which led to the civil war .the south seceded from the union by fighting for slavery,political differences, and economic and social differences. The south seceded from the union by fighting for slavery.D.C.It also included a srict fugitve slave law that required Northerners to return escaped slaves
Claim A: For Washington, a provision allowing for the eventual ban of the slave trade was vital to any compromise. Outlawing the slave trade had been a goal for decades. The slave trade was considered a great evil, even by many slaveholding Southerners who were against abolition itself. Claim B: The Southern states insisted on banning Congress from taxing exports so they can protect their agricultural exports or to prohibit Congress from banning the importation of slaves. Claim A: Under the Virginia Plan, the population would determine representation in each of the two houses of Congress.