By late 1967, U.S. forces had dealt serious blows to the communists, but the fighting continued unabated. President Lyndon Johnson launched a public relations campaign emphasizing that progress was being made in order to bolster public support. In the midst of this campaign, the communists launched the massive Tet Offensive on the Tet (New Year) holiday in 1968. Although American and South Vietnamese forces prevailed, the shock and scope of the attacks stunned the American public and convinced a demoralized Johnson not to run for reelection. Richard Nixon was elected in 1968 largely because he promised to end the war and achieve "peace with honor."
They grouped together, and they were able to be hard, guerilla fighters for communism. The South didn’t want to become a communist country, and the U.S. didn’t want them to either. We continued to help and support the South, but we didn’t directly fight with our troops until later. While John F. Kennedy was president in 1963, the leader of South Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem, was assassinated with his wife and his brother by his own military because he wasn’t the greatest leader. Duong Van Minh was a general that took over when Diem was killed.
In a time of drastic change in America, adding such a controversial war to the mix of social issues seemed to many like an inappropriate decision. The Vietnam War, which lasted twenty years, from 1955 and 1975, was the battle for liberation of South Vietnam from North Vietnam. The communist North Vietnam, led by Ho Chi Minh, was backed by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and communist China in an attempt to overtake the South Vietnamese who were led by the Catholic minority, Ngo Dinh Diem. Before 1960, his corrupt and brutal ways were beginning to wear on his people. By 1963, the United States has decided that Diem must go and authorizes and assassination (Osman, 2 October).
An explosion of protests resulted, including the Kent State Incident previously mentioned. In 1972, North Vietnam attacked South Vietnam. South Vietnam forces struggled on their own until the United States issued aid through US airpower- once again, becoming further involved in the war. Fighting continued through the next few months but as more and more antiwar demonstrations took place by those waiting for Nixon’s plan to follow through, negotiations were made to officially pull the United States out of the war. In January of 1973, the Paris Peace Accords were signed and the United States was officially withdrawn from the war in Vietnam.
It was a campaign of surprise attacks against military and civilian commands and control centers throughout South Vietnam. The Nixon presidency has been pivotal in debates on American Cold War foreign policy and domestic politics. Next, on day 2 by using comparison between the New York Time and the magazine . then, according to the New York Time, “Saigon, South Vietnam, April 30 - Communist troops of North Vietnam and the Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam poured into Saigon today as a century of Western influences came to an end" (Esper). On the other hand, according to the magazine, “The Communist victory of 30 April 1975 from the South Vietnamese (Black April) for that defeat; the victors
Now he had to uphold this promise and implement a plan, but it didn’t work. By 1975 South Vietnam had fallen under the control of the communist government. America’s longest war was over, but it took more than 58,000 American
The Vietnam War started off with the backing of the American people. Due to the fear of the spread of communism, the American people believed that defending South Vietnamese from the communist north was necessary. However, this way of thinking did not last throughout the war. As the war dragged on, the American people began to realize how more and more soldiers were being killed and yet there was no end to the war in sight. This negativity towards the war was only further fueled by how the television was covered in the war.
The period from 1960’s to 1970’s was a hardship time for Americans because of Vietnam invasion. In an attempt to contain and defeat communism, the United States, oblivious of the enemy capability and filled with pride, invaded Vietnam at a cost of large financial expense and human lives. North Vietnamese military supported by forces of China and the Soviet Union fought the American force ferociously and was able to force America to end its invasion in 1975. As with most other third world countries, Vietnam also has a long history of colonization by European powers. The territory that occupies modern-day Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia, was part of French-Indochina, as one of France’s collection of many colonies.
Lyndon Johnson faced harsh chants concerning his policies and the war, and the American people became increasingly less optimistic, as the pace of the war was controlled by the North Vietnamese. This war involved 525,000 troops, billions of dollars, resources, soldiers injured, dead, and missing, and extensive bombing; all without progress.
In 1956, South Vietnam, with American backing, refused to hold unification elections. Then in 1958, Communist led, Viet Cong, had begun to battle the South Vietnamese government. To support the South 's government, the United States sent in 2,000 military advisors then grew to 16,300 in 1963. The military condition deteriorated, and by 1963, South Vietnam had lost the fertile Mekong Delta to the Viet Cong. Then in 1965, President Lyndon Johnson escalated the war, commencing air strikes on North Vietnam and committing ground forces.