Universal Prevention Model

907 Words4 Pages
The Institute of Medicine Model provides insight to specific descriptions of intervention. These strategies include the categories of universal prevention, selected prevention, and indicated prevention. I believe that this systemic foundation allows programs to determine their best course of action on a narrow basis. However, I think that my service learning placement incorporates all three phases depending on the circumstance at hand. The Springer and Phillips article states that, “universal prevention includes strategies that are delivered to broad populations without consideration of individual differences in risk for substance abuse” (2015, p.3). Throughout my time volunteering alongside the guidance counselor at Orchard Hill Elementary, I’ve witnessed this application daily. I found that the majority of this type of…show more content…
According to the Commission on Chronic Health Model (1957), Mr. Berns would encounter all three indicated levels of prevention. This includes primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. Primary prevention occurs before the situation even occurs, secondary prevention deals with the circumstance after the impact has already happened, and tertiary prevention assists in helping the population continuously cope with something that will be ongoing. Orchard Hill exercises primary prevention methods by educating students on a variety of social and emotional hazards. One initiative that is practiced throughout kindergarten through sixth grade is the 7 Habits. The staff teach students seven phrases with actions for students to remember healthy habits to living and learning. They include, “Be Proactive, Begin with the End in Mind, Think Win Win, Put First Things First, Seek First to Understand, Synergize, and Sharpen the Saw.” Each habit instills values for students to be self-aware of their actions and how to reposition their behavior in the
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