In Arthur Miller’s, The Crucible, passions turned into problems. Witchcraft in Salem Massachusetts became a remembered event since 1692. Three girls were said to have interactions with the devil. When they were confronted about it they denied every interaction the people who were convicted they would say they weren’t a witch and would bring someone else’s name into the equation. Those who would admit to being a witch would go to jail, but for those who denied having interaction with the devil would have been trialed and hung, so really, anyway you put it it’s a lose-lose situation.
The main story in the book is about how the girl lied to everyone about doing witchcraft to save them selves. They lied specifically about seeing certain people in the town standing next to the devil or there names in the devils book. “Let either of you breath a word or a edge of a word about the other things.. I will bring a pointy reckoning that will shudder you” (Miller, 148) shows just
The cause of all this? A group of young girls in the town (ages 8 to 18) were secretly dancing and chanting naked in the woods. And at that time of the Puritans, that behavior was extremely inappropriate and looked down upon. The consequence was to be whipped. To get out of their punishment, the girls claim to have been “bewitched” by the devil himself.
Fear uses deception to increase prejudice towards the opposing idea. This type of propaganda was used in the play when Abigail, the protagonist of the story threatened the other women when they were opposing to her ideas and accusations. She threatened them by telling them about her history, and what she was capable of. Also, this was used often by the Court themselves. They used fear in order to convince people to confess to witchcraft.
With her lying about being in the woods, all the way down to Goody Proctor, this never would have started without Abigail’s deceit. When accusing Elizabeth Proctor of witchcraft she claims “Goody Proctor always kept poppets” (108). She does this so her whole plan can come together. The judges are already believing her dishonest stories so she digs deeper and tells more lies. When police are investigating Abigail’s stabbing incident, Abigail quickly blames Elizabeth and testify “it were your wife’s familiar spirit” (78).
When Abigail and the other girls decided to be vindictive an tried to get Mary Warren caught for witchcraft in court while Mary is trying to save Elizabeth Procter for the mess she had got her in by making the poppet in front of Abigail. Abigail had the other girls play along in court when Mary decided to tell on her Mary said, "She sees nothing!" (Miller, Act 3, 107) Abigail and the other girls said, "She sees nothing..." (Miller, Act 3, 107). Act three Mary knew what Abigail would do to her if she told when Mary said, "She will kill me for saying that!" (Miller, Act 2,
In the beginning, Mary and her friends danced in the woods, but they are caught by Reverend Parris, and afraid they will get in trouble, two of the girls pretend to be afflicted by a witch. The two seemingly afflicted girls send widespread chaos through the town, and the remaining girls have to figure out what to do to get the attention away from their dance in the woods. Mary is understandably terrified as she is a rule follower and has never broken a rule in her life. Mary knows that “the whole country's talkin witchcraft!” (Miller 1107). Mary desperately wants to tell the truth because she believes their punishment will be less severe if they are truthful.
The Evil practices and sins will cast chaos in the town of Salem from one person. For the most part, Abigail Williams stirred up drama and made her move by accusing Goody Proctor and changes her behavior constantly to ruin Elizabeth’s marriage. Elizabeth points out “I am sure she does—and thinks to kill me, then to take my place. (Miller 170) The conflict of lust and obsessive nature is evident from Abigail and Elizabeth proctor knows she is in danger during the witch trials. Chaos and false accusations from Abigail corrupted everyone in Salem to
Class Discussion). The madness that witchcraft was a problem came together when society combined the story of Adam and Eve (women acting out in abnormal ways and easily being convinced to do things), with the desire of wanting all women to act as the Virgin Mary. This created an unrealistic ideology of standards of daily conduct and if those standards were not adhered to they would be accused of practicing witchcraft (Broedel, Hans Peter. The Malleus Maleficarum and the Construction of Witchcraft), (Parish, Helen. Class Discussion).
When a woman is accused of being a witch and her life is in danger in 1600’s Salem, MA what recourse does she have to protect herself? Women of the time had no authority; they were seen as property of the men they married or were born to. Arthur Miller’s The Crucible takes place during the famous Salem witch trials. It all starts when young Abigail Williams has an affair with John Proctor and practices witchcraft in an attempt to kill John Proctor’s wife, Elizabeth. When Abigail is accused of witchcraft, she confesses and in order to take blame off of herself, she accuses many others as well.
In the play Abigail Williams, and Thomas Putnam’s take advantage of the pervasive fear in the village, allowing them to fulfill their selfish and exploitative motives which are what truly fuel the Salem Witch Trials. To begin with, Abigail Williams starts the accusations of witchcraft in order to fulfill her ulterior motives. We first see hints of her motives when Abigail tells John Proctor, a married man under whom she had worked that, “I am waiting’ for you every night”(1099). While Abigail worked under John and Elizabeth Proctor, she had developed feelings for John. Elizabeth removes her which angers Abigail deeply.
However, I believe Abigail should be held responsible for the imprisonment and execution of innocent people because she threaten the girls, so they would act bewitched and she also lied about getting stabbed by a needle and making it look like as if Elizabeth Proctor did it with witchcraft. To begin with, Abigail had control over the rest of the girls who were also caught dancing in the woods. The girls, after the incident in the woods, lied along with Abigail. Whatever lie Abigail came up with, the girls would support it. Even in court, Abigail had the support of the girls when she claim to have seen a yellow bird.
In 1692 the beginning of the Salem witch trials began. A few decades later a similar occurrence happened in 1950 with the spread of McCarthyism. What started both the Salem witch trials and McCarthyism was the spread of fear and mass hysteria. Puritans during 1692 believed that the new world should be a holy place with freedom to practice your own personal religion. When witchcraft came around the puritans noticed strange behavior between the young teenage girls for example being choked by an invisible force or falling out on the floor as if possessed.
In 1692, the hysteria of what is now known as the Salem witch trials begun. It all started within the minister’s household when his daughter and niece started to act outlandishly. Witchcraft was blamed for their behavior and actions, which resulted in the madness of accusing almost every woman in the village of Salem. About 20 were eventually executed (Blumberg 1). This delirium ended when minister Cotton Mather and his son pleaded to cease the use of spectral evidence, the “testimony about dreams and visions” (Blumberg 2).
“Abigail Williams, fingered 41 different witches for attacking her; Ann Putnam Jr. accused 53;her servant Mercy Lewis named 54; and a girl named Mary Walcott who was Ann’s step-cousin, named an astonishing 69 witches”(page 56). This means they were fervently,maliciously, wanted to abolish some of these people,and that most of the accusers stated accused more than 40 people. “Not all witches are human beings. A girl accused 2 dogs of belonging to the devil and said they would cause fits by simply staring at their victims” this might prove that these people did not like dogs and