Electronic medical records have great promises to the American healthcare system based on increased efficiency, improved quality, reduced costs, lower readmission rates, and fewer illnesses among others. However, these systems collect and store personal information of patients as well as their medical histories over long periods. The information is sensitive and equally useful for many people and organizations including insurance companies, financial companies, fraudsters, identity thieves, and criminal thieves among others. Unauthorized access of the personal information or medical histories to these parties poses great risks to the health, life, and welfare of patients. Therefore, health organizations and practitioners should guarantee the privacy, confidentiality, and security of personal health information through compliance with HIPAA as well as installation of cyber security measures to deter unauthorized access, modification, damage, or distribution of patients
Collecting data phase start when patient admitted till discharged. Data was collect by two ways via direct or indirect data. Data from patients or family patient are direct data while data from medical or nursing report, diagnostic laboratory studies and other significant source are indirect data. Primary resource is data which collect from patient. Mean while data obtain from family, relative, friends, care giver and written records such as past clinical records, laboratory or transfer medical summaries from other hospital are group in secondary data.
1. HEALTHCARE INFORMATICS Healthcare informatics in nursing improves decision making, it helps in detecting changes in patient’s condition which could be for the nurse to call rapid response team or to intervene through modified early warning system (MEWS) which assigns numerical value to the vital signs reading and calculates a score that indicates the severity of the sickness and tendency of escalating to critical condition. Nurse is able to locate essential equipment such as IV pumps, infusion pumps, EKG machines, portable computers with the click of a button when wireless technology and radio frequency identification (RFID) thereby improving patient care at the nursing level. The nurse could equally use RFID technology to track surgical
Arul Leo Felix, A.Arockia Faustine and D.Sellathambi et al  Technology plays the main role in care not just for sensory devices however conjointly in communication, recording and display device. It’s important to observe numerous medical parameters and post operational days. Patient observance systems are gaining their importance because the invasive world senior population will increase demands for caretaking. These systems use wireless technologies to transmit very important signs for medical analysis. The aim is to supply a more robust health care to individuals in additional economic and pertinent friendly manner.
These types of illnesses generally require multiple physicians and specialists. Therefore, it is crucial for providers to immediately access electronic health records documented by another clinician in order to improve and quicken treatment for the chronically ill. It is clear that interoperability improves overall healthcare. However, it has its own set of challenges. A primary goal of interoperability in healthcare is consistency and standardization, which means all parties involved agree upon a set of standards.
A Remote Patient Intelligence approach, an automated device-based tele-monitoring and mobile tele-monitoring of user’s Vitals using biometric sensors, introduce a predictive analytics platform, software to carry out data mining to intelligently screen for abnormal signals, in isolation or in combination with machine learning. New Models of Care - Applying Predictions to stop patient re-admissions. Keeping patient at the centre of Cognitive Clinical Machine .Delivering individualized recommendations and patient risk.
As a medical profession, one must examine his or her practice and make sure it aligns with actions that are conducive to creating a more equal healthcare environment. This begins with facilitating greater access to primary care and actively providing services in underserved areas. The greatest way that primary care impacts underserved populations is through preventing disease and promoting healthy lifestyles. When a medical provider can see a patient while his or her condition is still at an early stage, the disease is prevented from progressing to a stage that is more difficult and costly to treatment. In addition to increased primary care access, it is also important for medical providers to educate the public about health disparities.
. HEALTHCARE INFORMATICS Healthcare is the way to improve or maintain health through diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, injury, illness and mental problems in humans. Informatics is the science whereby data is processed for storage and retrieval of information and computer information systems. Health Informatics is a term that that describes the acquiring, storing, retrieving of healthcare information, communications and information technology to improve the quality and safety of patient. It is also called health informatics, clinical informatics, medical informatics, nursing informatics, or biomedical informatics in healthcare.
(Reference: The HINDU http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/under-national-ehealth-authority-health-data-of-patients-to-be-centralised/article7062843.ece) E health will provide a summary of health history of the patient throughout the country which will enable to keep track of their allergies, medications, immunizations. E health will enable the patient to share their important health information with other health care providers involved in their care. Let say, there is a patient X, Mr. X is a diabetic patient from past 10 years and he have consulted more than 3 doctors who have prescribed different medicines and treatment for him. If Mr. X wants to consult a new health care provider who is located in different state than he has to take the whole data of past ten years with him which could be problematic and he is likely to undergo the same testing and treatment unless and until he possesses his detailed medical record irrespective of its size , If there is a centralized e Health data it would be easy to access and maintain the patient history information with all the modifications and new