Upsetting The Chain Of Being Analysis

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Changing Destiny: Upsetting the Chain of Being The Chain of Being is a medieval concept which states every living being’s place in the hierarchy of society. Though ancient, it applies to William Shakespeare 's Macbeth and Stephen King’s “Gramma.” Upsetting the Chain of Being by George from Stephen King’s “Gramma” and Macbeth from William Shakespeare’s Macbeth lead to the dire consequences such as Macbeth’s demise and George turning into a savage witch. The medieval concept of the Chain of Being is disrupted in both pieces of literature, Macbeth by William Shakespeare and Gramma by Stephen King. The Chain of Being states that women are subordinate to men, especially if the man is the woman’s husband. Macbeth violates this and calls his wife, Lady Macbeth, his “dearest partner of greatness” (1.5.11). Calling Lady Macbeth his partner implies the fact that he considers himself and his wife to be equal. He does not believe in man’s superiority over women. At the time of Macbeth, England was a highly patriarchal society that believed in the Chain of Being and a man treating a woman equally is hindering with the concept. Macbeth also goes as far as letting his wife question his manhood and intent. Lady Macbeth questions him if “the hope [was] drunk Wherein [he] dressed [himself]? Hath it slept since? And wakes it now, to look so green and pale” (1.7.39-41). When Macbeth tells his wife that he no longer intends to kill Duncan, she questions his intentions and sobriety.

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