Camila Casanova U.S. History 1302: S67 Mr. Isaac G. Pietrzak February 9, 2018 Critical Review: The Jungle Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle. New York: Barnes & Noble Classics, 2003. During the time period of the 1900’s, the meat packaging industry in Chicago, as Sinclair mentions in his novel, The Jungle, was a very unsanitary and extremely dangerous workplace that lacked much more than just a few safety precautions. Simple things, such as enforcing hand washing or workers’ rights were unheard of in the working environment.
Alexis Cooper Ms. King-Zimmerman AP Language and Composition 29 September, 2015 The setting in The Jungle by, Upton Sinclair takes place in the early 1900’s. The main story line is pictured around the Chicago meat packaging industry, or “Packingtown”. The author goes into graphic detail about the different ways the meat was “tainted”. In the Chicago meat packaging industries many of the workers were killed and turned into fertilizer as they fell into the fat rendering tanks. Sinclair also discussed how the deaths on the killing floor occurred.
“With one member trimming beef in a cannery, and another working in a sausage factory, the family had a first-hand knowledge of the great Packingtown swindles” (par.1). This statement from Upton Sinclair’s book The Jungle, introduces trust from a family because of their own personal knowledge . The Jungle, features an immigrant family trying to survive in 1900’s Chicago meat packing district. In the story, Sinclair’s goal is to expose the miserable life of immigrants who work in factories. To accomplish this goal, the author conveys rhetorical strategies such as diction, pathos, and metaphors.
The description is an allegory for the lives of unskilled laborers in the stockyards, and, in the author’s view, for America at this time in history can be summed up in Jurgis’s line: “But I’m glad I’m not a hog!” The way toward murdering and separating animals is a comparative procedure to the routes in which Jurgis himself will be separated by the conditions of the city. This is not only an allegorical separating, either, as a physical procedure of cutting and injuring is an essential driver of downfall in the packing plants. Filled with pity, Jurgis watches a line of hogs going calmly down a chute to the executing floor. He doesn 't understand that he and his family, similar to those bound hogs, are trooping similarly unobtrusively to their own fate. The pigs are "so honest" and come "so trustingly" to the butcher.
They committed many crimes that caused great tragedy throughout the country. Sviatoslav Karavansky testified in front of the United States Ukraine Famine Commission stating “My parents wondered how it was possible that such great quantities of food were being exported while the village population was starving” (Document D). He said as he testified that the government was starving them and hurting them even more by taking all their food. The Government took everything from these people and punished them if they didn’t follow the new law. Clarence Manning wrote, ”They even in places took specimens of fecal matter from the toilets in an effort to learn by analysis whether the peasants has stolen government property and were eating grain” (document J).
They longed to live in a place full of prosperity. However, this was rarely the situation they they found themselves in. Illustrated in Upton Sinclair’s classic protest novel, The Jungle, the story of a poor slavic immigrant family set in Packingtown, Chicago, struggling to make ends meat all while grasping for that American Dream. It becomes quickly apparent that the American Dream is just that, a dream, and that the American system only corrupts the kind, that capitalism
A few individuals get so used to notices that they no more notice them; others never get used to a scent, and it pesters them ceaselessly. The individuals in Greeley, Colorado are of both gatherings. The scent originates from the slaughterhouses that murder cows, bundle the meat, and cook the remaining parts into canine sustenance. Industrialization has now hit the creation and bundling of meat, so no expertise is needed. Therefore, low wage employments for outsiders furthermore, secondary school dropouts have been made, occupations which bring high rates of damage, make ghettos, and by and large wreck towns in the West.
He was sent to chicago in 1904 by a socialist newspaper to write an expose on the mistreatment of workers in the meatpacking industry. Sinclair threw himself into the manuscript that would be known as The Jungle, after several weeks of undercover research. The Jungle was published in 1906 by Doubleday after being initially rejected but the release made public acclaim and shock. The Jungle became a massive best seller and was translated into 17 different languages within the first month of release. Theodore Roosevelt was one of the many readers, he invited Upton to the White House and ordered an investigation on the meat packing industry.
The Jungle Analysis: Meat Packing Plants Several problems are revealed in the Industrialization Period through Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle. One of them is the the things that go on behind the walls of the food industry. The conditions here during this time were particularly awful in several ways and for many reasons. Some troubles that surface during this time in the meat packing plants are the use of spoiled, dirty or rotten meat, poor wages for the workers there and the conditions of the working area. In the meat packing plants, there were no laws or rules to abide by for the cleanliness of the food.
Sooner or later Jurgis would become aware of the horrible factory conditions that exploited the workers. He later became a victim himself. Jurgis witnessed the lack of sanitation. Such as: diseased animals mixed with the rest, rats crawling all over the meat, often the factories would hire extra staff just to keep pay down, and finally the incident that I find the most disgusting to happen is people falling into the meat chutes and everybody ignored it and left the people to be packaged like any other ground meat. The family was tricked into faulty business deals which forced everyone in the family to work.
When Upton Sinclair wrote the Jungle, a book about the terrible environment of the meat-packing factories in Chicago, he hoped to motivate reform in immigrant working conditions and promote socialism. Instead, what shocked readers the most was the sordid surroundings in which their future meals were prepared. Sinclair 's audience saw these conditions as a threat to themselves, and that energized reform in the meat-packing industry. What scared audiences the most was how real this threat was to their lives. As can be witnessed in the results of Sinclair 's crusade, the most effective propaganda is that which rouses the visceral survival instinct.