Economic imbalances resulting from World War I was the main cause for the Great Depression. Consumers were unable to buy all the goods produced causing manufacturers to close businesses. Closing businesses resulted in a rise of unemployment, however, President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the New Deal as an effort to alleviate poverty and unemployment. President Roosevelt believed that it was essential for the government to protect the less fortunate and improve society . One of Roosevelt 's New Deal program, the Works Progress Administration (WPA), employed masses of people, saving them for poverty and despair.
New Nationalism vs. New Freedom In the 1912 election for president there were four candidates, two were Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. Both had reforms that they placed as the center of their campaigns. Roosevelt’s reform was New Nationalism and Wilson’s was New Freedom. While they were different in ways they also had some similarities, and their own significance to the people of America. Roosevelts New Nationalism focused on things such as women suffrage, social welfare, more aggressive progressivism and increasing regulation of big business.
Along with both Republicans and Democrats who defended causes such as women suffrage, tax reform, minimum wage, workers allowance, etc. During this time, Woodrow Wilson was known as the president for New Freedom. Elections were held to bring the power of various parties in the government to an end. This movement also managed to create the Warehouse Act, which
They also saved the lives of millions of Americans from starvation and disease, as well as provided jobs for many of the unemployed Welfare was created with the second New Deal as well and many Americans use it today. (The 1930s: Lifestyles and social trends:
With money hard to come by, they were not selling the fruits of their labor (www.history.http://www.history.com/topics/great-depressioncom/topics/great-depression). Thankfully they had food to eat, but without purchases of their crops, the supplies they were going to need for the next harvest were non-existent. This cycle them trickled down to the starving public. Around the early 1930’s severe drought and devastating wind storms known as the dust bowl rushed into the Great Plains region and caused a wide spread massacre of plants and farms, crippling most food resources (www.history.http://www.history.com/topics/great-depressioncom/topics/great-depression). It is a wonder we ever recovered from the grips of the dust
During the 1930’s, the San Joaquin Valley was experiencing a flood of migrants from the Great Plains due to the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression. The county governments in the valley specifically Kern Country, which banned The Grapes of Wrath from county libraries, weren’t pleased about the sudden influx of migrants and the subsequent increase of county spending it caused.1 Even though New Deal programs were helping alleviate the valley’s humanitarian crisis by helping migrants escape the squalor with hygienic labor farms, valley newspapers criticized the programs as a waste.2 The San Joaquin Valley benefited heavily from New Deal programs that stimulated the valley’s economy, dealt with the migrant crisis, and built up infrastructure that
The Dust Bowl Introduction Theodore Roosevelt said, “When you’re at the end of your rope, tie a knot and hold on.” The Dust Bowl was a very bad time for the United States because it was also during The World’s War and the United States was also already in a bad state with the Great Depression going on. The Dust Bowl was a time of economic hardship because people did not know how to stop the problem, people were losing land, the government did not know how to stop the Dust Bowl. Dry Conditions The Dust Bowl was started by farmers growing wheat crops. The reason the dust storms came was because of the wind (Worster, 2017) . The soil was very dry and was cracking from the grass being taken away the grass was holding the earth together.
The famine was caused by a slew of things ranging from economic mismanagement to environmental neglect.The causes stem from the collapse of the Soviet Union as it was its largest supplier of food aid, fuel and most other commodities that north korea didn't have much of.North Korea has an ideology called Juche (주체) which practices ‘Self Reliance’ which isn't a viable option for the country, given that 20% of it's land is arable and yet is not very fertile. Farmers were put in communal farms where they had to plant and grow what they were told to. These farmers either had no interest or experience with the crops and would often grow and not yield as much crop as desired. In some cases a lot of forests were destroyed to make new land and crops were grown on hillsides which made the land unstable and inarable. The effects were catastrophic except to those in the very few and far between of the North Korean elite who lived under a system which prioritised them, the military and then the people.
It certainly did not help that the amount of food available to the population was short due to the agricultural damage of “the dust bowl”. The most common crimes were petty theft and prostitution, and during the worst times many would also turn to murder and alcohol smuggling. Kids were pulled out of school in order to support their families by working on farms or in factories, and together with the few adults that were able to get a job, they would often work long days for either starvation wages or no wage at all. Some kids would also run away from home due to poverty and family problems. This desperation that led people to commit crimes can also roughly be seen in chapter six of Steinbeck’s novel, when George tells Lennie that he would have it easier without him, and ends up killing Lennie, his companion.
Besides, “Hu Kou ”system also result the discriminations of these rural residents, they are regarded as low education and cheap labour in big cities. Cancelling “Hu Kou” system not only benefit those people to have same job opportunities, enjoin social welfare better and live with family members as well. The assistant system including educational, medical, financial and legal aspects, to help these poor groups when money become a problem. For example, if one family member must take expensive surgeon to cure cancle, but this family cannot afford it, then the assistant system can provide help for them to tackle this problems, like the bank could provide medical lend service, the medical system could help to afford partly medical fee. therefore, these poor groups could continue life without heavy stress in