When the World War II ended, several themes developed which outlines the modern argument over sprawl and its relationship with development (Nechyba & Walsh, 2004). Urban sprawl has grown to be a serious threat to environmental and social capital. The challenges of Urban Sprawl to the environment and society needs to be measured and mitigated skillfully with serious and purpose oriented input from planners, government and the community. In metropolitan areas, Urban Growth Management has become a known discipline that is used efficiently to regulate land use.
According to Curl (2000), it is also a term that suggests an architecture that responds to its surrounding by respecting what is already there, unlike Constructivism or Decontructivism which deliberately work against established geometries and fabric. According to the etymological manner statement made by Johnson (as cited in Cizgen, 2012) about Contextualism that expresses the relationship and the architecture context, he said that: “Derived from the Latin word “contexere”, which means weaving together, the word “context” can be described as “the setting of an event, composition, or text, in the sense of describing the spatio-temporal parts immediately preceding or following that determine its meaning. " The word “contexture” which is no longer in use, can be considered to be more specific for the field of architecture as it has the following meaning: "the
Mumford also believed that the bigger a city grew the more it started to become a place of dissipation where social interactions with people you know became less and less (Massey, Allen, Pile, 1999). Therefore city expansion and development should be something that is planned. Pg 17. These definitions show that defining a city is relative to a persons experience and opinion because there is no one definition that can clearly, without a doubt define what a city
There is the idea of a city, and the city itself, too great to be held in the mind. And it is in this gap (between the conceptual and the real) that aggression begins” is central to Saunders’ essay, due to the fact that this quote illustrates Saunders’ message that people tend to have misconceptions generated from their own limited experience and misconceptions can easily lead to conflicts and aggression if handled
The building has a significant power to give meaning to the environment and the concrete things take form according to the situation of topography and landscape. Therefore, the interior and exterior voids on the site interact with each other. Like Norberg-Schulz, Abraham also thinks architecture with directions and horizontal-vertical rhythms. For Abraham (1996), the transformation of the topographical nature defined as the “conquest of the site” appears at the base of the ontological nature of architecture. In this situation, architecture that is an act appeals to these aspects of “collision” and “intervention”.
Lefebvre argued that the city is the suitable place to display work of art through an appropriation of the people and challenging the dominant system and political arrangements. However, it should not be forgotten that the urban environment is directly affected by state planning. As Lefebvre argued that the state is actively involved in housing construction, new towns, or the so-called urbanisation which is part of both ideology and considered as rational practice of the state In urban, the relation of production ( the sum total of social relationships that people must to produce and reproduce their means of life) was equally modified in reality although it is not able to transform them. The productive forces do not merely operate within space but on space, and space equally constrains them.
INTRODUCTION URBAN LAND USED SYSTEM Urban land use system means the system which manages the land area in urban cities. The land in urban areas should plan very well to mitigate the issues that arise in the future. Planning of buildings, roads, highways, rail ways, ports, stations and flyovers has to be planned under this system. It is very important to plan the urban land properly by placing the infrastructures in the proper places because wrong management plans will creates huge cost for the economy.
Submitted by: Vasudevan K R (2160400058) Critique of Post-Modern Urbanism as advocated by Dear and Flusty In Postmodern Urbanism, authors Michael Dear and Steven Flusty (1998) identify Los Angeles as the model city which is shaping postmodern urban processes and socio-spatial forms. Although Dear and Flusty (1998) present some interesting points, their paper fails to present a set of coherent and convincing arguments. Not only are numerous arguments in their paper self-contradicting, but the paper 's overarching theme—to establish the Los Angeles School of postmodern urbanism is tricky. Richard Shearmur (2006) in Chicago and L.A.: A clash of Epistemologies, challenges the Los Angeles school on the ground of unsound scientific practices which
The built environment can impact physical movement designs from various perspectives. The built environment can be separated into a substantial number of classes. For the motivations behind this review, built environment has been isolated along two lines. In the first place, Transportation systems speak to the total consequence of interests in transportation infrastructure.
Introduction As the world’s population continues to migrate and live in urban areas, planners, engineers, and politicians have an important role to ensure that they are livable and sustainable. But what defines an urban area and what makes it so attractive? In my opinion, urban areas are places that consist of a variety of land uses and buildings, where services and amenities are easily accessible to the general public, and includes an established multimodal transportation network. Also, it should be a place where people can play, learn, work, and grow in a safe and collaborative manner.