Urban Environmental Problems In India

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DIGITAL ASSIGNMENT-01 17BCE2049 LINGALA ANTHONY NIKHIL REDDY Urban environmental problems and solutions in India. Introduction: Recent concern for the environment is not only due to natural phenomenon, but the urbanization has made people more aware of the environmental issues and their quality. population beyond the multiple times of the sustaining capacity has made the urban centres polluted, overcrowded and exerted pressures on social and physical amenities.The Concentration of industries in and around urban centres has exposed the urban population to all sorts of risks. These risks can remain unnoticed due to its slow introduction such as increasing the quantity of pollutants in river Ganga, or can be sudden due to some…show more content…
Overcrowding is a logical consequence of over-population in urban areas. It is naturally expected that cities having a large size of population squeezed in a small space must suffer from overcrowding. This is well exhibited by almost all the big cities of India. For example, Mumbai has one-sixth of an acre open space per thousand populations though four acre is suggested standard by the Master Plan of Greater Mumbai. Metropolitan cities of India are overcrowded both in ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ terms. Absolute in the sense that these cities have a real high density of population; relative in the sense that even if the densities are not very high the problem of providing services and other facilities to the city dwellers makes it so. Delhi has a population density of 9,340 persons per sq km (Census 2001) which is the highest in India. This is the overall population density for the Union territory of Delhi. Population density in central part of Delhi could be much higher. This leads to tremendous pressure on infrastructural facilities like housing, electricity, water, transport, employment, etc.…show more content…
This problem is specifically more acute in those urban areas where there is large influx of unemployed or underemployed immigrants who have no place to live in when they enter cities/towns from the surrounding areas. For about a third of urban Indian families, a house does not include a kitchen, a bathroom, a toilet—and in many cases there is no power and water supply. Only 79 per cent (42.6 million) urban household live in permanent (pucca) houses. 67 per cent (36 million) of the urban houses are owned by the households while 29 per cent (15 million) are

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