Industrialization and urbanization are linked processes. Discuss. Ans- • The urban population of India is expanding much more rapidly after in¬dependence. For the teeming millions, the city is where they come looking for jobs. In the 1901 census, only 10.8 per cent of the total popu¬lation (or 25.6 million out of 238 million) lived in cities.
Do The Disadvantages Of Urbanization Outweigh The Benefits Of It? Introduction Urbanization refers to the increase in trend of people moving from rural or under developed areas to more developed areas. This trend has experienced a dramatic rise in the past few decades. The report issued by the United Nations in 2015 supports this claim by suggesting that globally, more people are moving towards urban areas. In 1950, 30 percent of the world’s population was residing in urban areas while in 2014, 54 percent of the world’s population was urban, and by 2050, 66 per cent of the world’s population is projected to be urban.
According to office for National Statistics, annual population growth in the UK today stands at 0.6%. increased life expectancy and increased net migration to the UK are the two main contributing factors. As the UK population continuing to increase it place further pressure on the housing and environment. Also, UK population growth is due to a relatively high birth rate which contribute to housing shortages and burgeoning prices. Furthermore, housing crisis is affected by the policies such as right -to -buy and properties left dormant as assets that worsen by the population growth.
China 1.4 billion and India 1.3 billion . remains in two largest countries of the world which contains 19% and 18% of the world population respectively. As per the figures available 50.4% of the world population is male and 49.6% are female. About 26% populations of the world are under 15 years of age, 62% are 15-59 years and 12% are 60 or over. The population of group of 60 is increasing @3.26 per cent per years.
Internal migration in the People's Republic of China is one of the most extensive in the world according to the International Labour Organization. In fact, research done by Kam Wing Chan of the University of Washington suggests that “In the 30 years since 1979, China’s urban population has grown by about 440 million to 622 million in 2009. Of the 440 million increase, about 340 million was attributable to net migration and urban reclassification. Even if only half of that increase was migration, the volume of rural-urban migration in such a short period is likely the largest in human history.”Migrants in China are commonly members of a floating population, which refers primarily to migrants in China without local household registration status through the Chinese Hukou system.n general, rural-urban migrant workers are most excluded from local educational resources, city-wide social welfare programs and many jobs because of their lack of hukou status. In
During this period, it accounted for 25.7 percent of the total population, up from 18.7 percent in the previous decade. As of 2010, the nonresident population become 1,305,011 out of a total population of 5,076,732. According to the 2010 census, about 14.3 percent of the 3,771,721 residents of Singapore are PRs. Between 2005 and 2009, the PR population grew an average of 8.4 percent per year .It was much faster than the comparatively modest 0.9 percent average growth observed for Singapore citizens. This trend seemed to come to a rather abrupt finish in 2010, however, when the annualized growth of PRs fell to 1.5 percent while that of Singapore citizens held steady at 0.9 percent.
And since then, international tourism has been multiplied by 50 compared to 1950, and has reached 1,186 million tourist arrivals in 2015. The forecasts are striking as they expect 1.8 billion tourist arrivals by 2030, due to a growth of 3,3% per year between 2010 and 2030. Concerning the domestic tourists, UNWTO estimates the
The world is undergoing rapid urbanization. At the global scale, more people currently reside in urban areas than rural areas (UN Habitat & UNECA, 2008). The population balance between urban and rural areas has been shifting over time. In 1930 for instance, only 30% of the global population was urban and by 2008, half of the world’s population was urban (Soja & Kanai, 2007). Currently, the urban population stands at 54%; a proportion projected to rise to 66% by 2050 (UNDESA, 2014).
It is observed that migration as a percentage of total population has been declining up to 1991 census, where as the rural to urban migration is showing an increasing trend over the period 1971 to 2001(Lusome & Bhagat, 2006). Over 22% of migrants has been increased from 1991-2201 since 1951 as revealed in Fig 1.The expansion in the migration rate in the course of 1990s is frequently seen as a result of the powers unleashed by the new monetary arrangement, which depended on the principles of liberalization,, globalization and privatization. Population mobility is a course of action that gets intensified with the process of economic development. Among the various migration streams rural to urban areas is a common and ever-increasing phenomenon in India. Interestingly, this rural-urban migration is observed to have significant implications to the economic development from the previous empirical studies.
(iv) Growth of industry Growth of industry means sector of an economy that is developing particular rapidly. Growth of industry will bring profits to the country (business dictionary, 2017). South Korean economic development South Korea has rapid and sustained economic growth. Since the 1960s when South Korea’s gross domestic product (GDP) per capita was comparable to levels in the poorer countries of Africa (in 1960 it was US$1 110 compared to US$430 for Africa) (Suh & Chen 2007: 5). After 45 years, South Korea’s GDP per capita had increased more than twelve-fold to more than US$13 000 in 2005 since government run industrialization started in the early 1960s.