In reality, many people in the sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia do live with less than a dollar per day. Timothy Besley and Robin Burgess in their article “Halving global poverty” illustrated the concept of dollar a day and defined it as poverty line chosen to be representative of domestic poverty lines found in low-income countries. (Besley, Burgess, 2003). Besley and Burgess argued that such a measure could be applied on middle income countries only, because applying it on rich countries could bias the real
In this sense, factors and indicators of poverty have been analyzed. The results reported that the housing dimensions, the lack of services and insecurity are seen as the indicators, whereas unemployment, migration and social injustices are the factors of poverty (Berner, 2000). In addition, it has been argued that employment decreases from poverty rate and enhances the labor force, which imply economic growth. Statistics have shown that Algeria has witnessed a drop in job opportunities and important economic growth. It seems that the informal market is a systematic mechanism of the unsatisfactory formal economy and an indicator of these conflicting results (Berner,
Poverty can also be defined into absolute or relative terms. The first concept has to be with the income necessary to meet basic needs, like food, clothing and shelter. On the other hand, the second concept takes into account the social and cultural aspect of someone’s life, defining poor as the failure to meet some pre-established standards of living in a certain societal context. Poverty is indeed a broader concept and cannot only be viewed only by its economic
The disadvantage of HCR as a measure of poverty is it does not tell us anything when poor become poorer or their situation improves but they remain below the poverty line. It makes policymaker bias towards the poor who are just below the poverty line and not towards the needier and poorer people. Allocating resources to the former group of poor instantly gets them out of poverty line and HCR shows a positive picture. To offset such bias we need to focus on the extent of poverty. This is measured through the Poverty Gap Ratio
Similarly to the Cultural Theory of Poverty, which explains how belonging to a socio-economic class (specifically being in poverty) for generations produces a new family culture that is distinct from others. Here, people are placed into situations beyond their control and are forced to adapt to that environment, thus resulting in a culture of poverty (Small 8). While this theory only explains that a culture of poverty exists amongst families that experience poverty for generations, it does not explain why that poverty occurs in the first place, highlighting a flaw. The Structural Theory of Poverty offers explanations for this occurrence.
In this era of 21st century, poverty is still happening around the world despite the country is developed or less developed. There is no exact definition for poverty however World Bank defined poverty as inability of human affording the basic needs, such as clean water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter. Besides, poverty is measured using the terms absolute and relative (UNESCO, 2015). Poverty is said the greatest threat to political stability in developing world because when a developing country is facing poverty, it may cause the social tensions among the people in the country to increase and then threaten the country stability. Furthermore, the effects of poverty are said interrelated as they do not occur alone.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POVERTY AND DISABILITY INTRODUCTION In society, there is often a considerable gap in the accessibility of resources between the disabled and non-disabled. This unequal accessibility results in disabled individuals being stuck in a cycle of poverty. In this essay, I will give a general description of the definitions of poverty. I will then describe the three perspectives of disability as well as look at the relationship between poverty and disability. I will also use my visit to Mitchel’s Plain to elaborate more on my understanding of poverty and disability.
Equality is "the right of different groups of people to have a similar social position and receive the same treatment" (Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus, 2017). Differentiating Economic Inequality and Poverty. Barcalow (2007) differentiates economic inequality and poverty as, "People are economically unequal when some have more wealth or income than others. On the other hand, people are poor when they cannot or can barely afford what their society considers life's necessities." It is possible to have a society with poverty and no economic inequality and also one with economic inequality and no poverty.
Poverty is state of living that is common in every country; though the levels and definitions of poverty differ accordingly. As it has been stated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), poverty is defined as either relative or absolute poverty. Relative poverty is the extent of how poor a member of the society is in comparison to other members. Whereas absolute poverty is measured by how well a person’s basics needs are met (clothing, food, shelter). Many factors contributes to the levels of poverty in each and every society; governments, for instant, play an important role in limiting poverty; in additional to family support and cultural awareness of this social occurrence.
Fernando (2004) claimed that instead of eliminating poverty, microfinance is in fact perpetuating it. As Robinson (2001) divided group of poverty people into three (poorest of the poor, economically active poor and middle-income poor), Fernando (2004) argued that the requirement set by microfinance cannot be fulfilled by the poorest of the poor groups in the society and thus, they remain neglected and invisible by the microfinance. Bateman (2010) and Duvendack et.al (2011) support his criticism. Bateman criticizes commercialization of microfinance as a local neo-liberalism while Duvendack et.al concluded by a comprehensive analysis on the microfinance impact with various impact assessment tools, that there is no convincing evidence that microfinance improved well-being of poor people. Microfinance doesn’t cure poverty (Kanani 2007) and the best estimate of the average impact of microcredit on the poverty of clients is zero (Roodman 2012).