Instead they obliged the landlords to solve issues beyond their ability. In addition to that, landowners had to take the full financial risk caused by this policy. This law also created a Rent Gap, caused by the low returns for the owners which do not exceed few hundreds of dollars per year. This rent gap has two consequences: the low revenues from the rents, prevent the owners from paying for maintenance, which results in a poor living conditions and sometimes could lead into disasters for example: the collapsing of the building. It is also considered as an urban
In the current days, the homeless phenomenon has spread around the world. Not only, have the poor countries had this kind of problem, but also the countries with advanced and extended power and wealth. According to Baxter (n.d) there are a high number of people suffer from being homeless in the city of New York, because of the employment and the cost of everything is higher specially the housing. However, some people are born poor and that’s what makes it inevitable for them to be homeless. Drug and alcohol abuse, unemployment, and lack of affordable housing are three causes of homelessness.
Many articles has been published worldwide clearly stating the affordability crisis in today’s world when it comes to urban housing. 50 years ago standard of living was also a major constrain in the urban housing. But now that has been almost eliminated or as can be said there are perfect examples for how to avoid the substandard living conditions. The low cost housing is still a major leap to be covered as the cost of material and cost of labor goes on increasing day by day, and thus owning a house is becoming more and more difficult especially for the middle class and the working class. Adding to the woes the recession and its aftermaths are still taking its tolls, however strong the denial is.
Supply side constraints: Lack of availability of Urban Land Increasing population density gives a huge demand in urban areas for land in India 4. The shortage has now increased more by poor municipal regulations. As a result, the land prices are now much more than intrinsic levels which support the mass development of real estate 4. RISING THRESHOLD COSTS OF CONSTRUCTION The prices of luxury residential projects are guided by land costs construction which have a significant share of affordable housing. This is because of the fact land prices fall varies depending from city to city, and costs of construction follow a trend from mid income to low income housing
Especially in insufficient cities or villages, where no works and half of citizens lives in poverty . It is in government interest to reduce the number of homeless . In case that homeless people are also part of society and they are also influence on the outlook of republic . Problem also include, that government tried to solve this problem , by the way it was unsuccessful , in the case that they are unwishful to spend money for homeless people. The reason of these action, is that some people think , that homeless people do not deserve help , because they came in such condition by themselves.
Rapid population growth in developing countries and cities around the world in the last three to four decades has had serious challenges and consequences particularly on urban housing (United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (UNCHS), 2009). United Nations Habitat in 2009, described this problem as particularly worrying as it constitutes a crucial element that affect the long term outlook of humanity (UNCHS, 2009). Housing is increasingly becoming a scarce commodity in many cities in the developing world because this rapid population growth concentrates in cities. In 2009, it was estimated that, about 100 million people are homeless in the sense that they live in insecure or temporary structures or in squatter settlements (UNCHS, 2009).
Based on Global Finance, India is ranked as the sixty-fourth poorest country in the world. Despite not even being on the top twenty of the list, the scars of poverty can clearly be seen across the land of India. The causes and effects of poverty in India are not just disastrous, moreover, it is also a catalyst of misery that affects the lives of the poor in the country. The first cause of poverty in India would be overpopulation. India is said to be the second most populated country after China.
In this era of 21st century, poverty is still happening around the world despite the country is developed or less developed. There is no exact definition for poverty however World Bank defined poverty as inability of human affording the basic needs, such as clean water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter. Besides, poverty is measured using the terms absolute and relative (UNESCO, 2015). Poverty is said the greatest threat to political stability in developing world because when a developing country is facing poverty, it may cause the social tensions among the people in the country to increase and then threaten the country stability. Furthermore, the effects of poverty are said interrelated as they do not occur alone.
The metropolis cities - Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai- are home to 3 lakh homeless. The biggest of cities is unable to furnish the need of housing them. Population increases due to urbanization. In India, the scenario of the homeless is different from the rest of the world. The causes of homelessness are both structural and individual.
In fact, after these changes, the population of China started to explode and it was hard to control it. (Bonavia, 1980) China’s leadership saw that the large population could be an advantage to the country and he said that humans are the most important and valuable resource for the country. In addition, between 1962 and 1966 the leadership was convinced about applying a policy that will reduce the birth rate because of hunger, poverty and unemployment. “Quite a large number of people in the rural areas still do not have enough to eat, the people’s living standards cannot be improved as they should have been, there