Urban Sociology

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It has been argued that the ‘Chicago School of Sociology’ has had a major role in advancing Sociology in its formative years and has made lasting contributions to urban sociology and to our understanding of cities and urban life.
This essay is intended to investigate the origin and establishment of the University of Chicago’s Department of Sociology. This overview will introduce the major individuals behind the department, their concepts and how these concepts have shaped our understanding of urban sociology today.
The University of Chicago was founded in 1892. From its birth the University set up the first department of sociology in the world, which dominated the domain for the first fifty-five years of the twentieth century and continued
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In the first stages of the development of a new/modern city, industries will develop at sites that house or are near the required raw materials. Populations then develop around these areas, and rivalry between businesses occurs. This is similar to the animals living in the grassland referred to above in biological ecology. Housing values and plot values rise in these built up areas, making it difficult for families to afford living in these central areas, except perhaps in small cramped conditions where rent is low. The centre of large cities is usually dominated by companies and businesses, with the more wealthy residents now moving to forming suburbs around the periphery. Park and Burgess developed the concept that cities can be found to form concentric rings. The centre of a ring is the inner city, this area contains businesses, companies rating private houses and landscapes. Beyond the inner city are older estates. The most outer circle homes residents on very high incomes in large…show more content…
In our cities we may see ethnic minorities moving to central areas whilst the pre-existing residents move to the suburbs. Groups such as large businesses hold a dominant position in a community, this is reflected in their central location. As well as this time expresses dominance in areas, for example ‘rush hour’. This ordering in areas time reflects hierarchy of areas in a city. This concept developed by Park and Burgess along with their colleagues at the Chicago school of sociology was taken from analysis of American cities and only fit some types of cities. Many studies of cities have been prompted by urban ecological thinking, looking at invasion and succession. Although others criticize this concept, stating that this perspective underemphasizes the importance of the design and planning that goes into city

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