Urbanisation Negative Effects

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With more than half the world’s population now living in urban areas (54 per cent), (World Urbanization Prospects, 2014), many experts believe urbanisation is a major contributor of unsustainable resource demands in addition to contributing to rising levels of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Meanwhile, in developing nations, urbanization has long outstripped local governments’ capacities as seen in the high proportion of the urban population living in poor standards, sanitation, healthcare, air pollution, overcrowding and education. (Satterthwaite, 2011). This essay aims to discuss effects of urbanisation that are positive and negative in nature and examine different types of urbanization which are notably reurbanization, suburbanization, counter-urbanization,…show more content…
These include the unprecedented levels of unemployment, overcrowding, an acute shortage of housing, poverty, healthcare problems and deviant behavior amongst urban population (crime, violence, alcoholism, drug addiction), and, finally, the problem of environmental impact (UNPD, 2015). The public in general is inclined to believe that urbanization negatively affects the environment (Stiling, 2012) and there are many conquering views that colossal and drastic increase in the number of cities is one of the main contributor of the planet 's global ecosystem’s environmental degradation (Bornkamm, Lee and Seaward, 1982; O 'Brien and Western, 1976; Gaston,…show more content…
It is a reaction to the era of the haphazard expansion of suburbs, which fractured communities, and caused social distance, as well as had severe environmental effects. It involves changing from basing the design around cars towards one where pedestrian and transit-centric, walkable, mixed-use communities are enabled. The purpose of this paper was to describe effects of broad patterns of spatial change and highlight the pertinent implications affecting the environment. It is beyond the scope of this essay to consider the socio-economic aspects and how they in turn affect the environment. As previously mentioned, new urbanism is a proposed solution to this problem. Hypotheses for new urbanism include integrating people and places into dense, vibrant communities, and decreasing dependency on vehicular transportation as the primary mode of transit and the omnipresence of renewable energy sources. The critical challenge over the next 30 years will be to embrace the positive effects of agglomeration due to urbanization. How local authorities respond to this challenge by recognizing and confronting the negative effects of urbanization will shape patterns of provincial and nationwide development, as well as the socio-political stability of many

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