These houses had incredibly harsh conditions and could compare to that of a prison. Families was separated and forced to work every day. Despise these conditions, more people became desperate enough to become a workhouse inmate. When people from the countryside moved to the cities, it started the urbanization. This created new industries that made the growing cities a source of wealth in England.
Globalization occurred in the 1400s – 1800s was a major advancement in the human world; ideas were spread, economies grew, new lands were discovered, and new technologies arose. During these time new global networks grew through newly discovered sea trade networks. Through the exploration of these routes new lands were discovered. Countries such as Spain conquered these newly discovered lands, and Spain’s power grew. Other kingdoms and countries followed the trend of discovery, found their own new lands, and colonized them.
Inspired by european city rebuilding projects, American cities started clearing away older neighborhoods and creating grand avenues with impressive buildings. The only problem with the growing population was finding housing for the new residents. In Document 6 Nash explains how urban geography changed with emerging central businesses, few people living downtown, middle class residential areas stretched out beyond working class neighborhoods, and the growth of the suburbs which led to better transportation. Many of the rich lived in palatial mansions in the heart of the city while the moderately well to do took advantage of less expensive land on the outer edges of the city thus leading to what was known as the growth of the suburbs. However the poor could not afford housing in the city or in the suburbs and this led to the growth of tenement housing.
People from the countryside moved to the cities. This started the urbanization. New industries was constructed, and made the growing cities a source of wealth in England. Unfortunately, urbanization also had negative effects. The working-class neighborhoods were filthy, with no ventilation between houses that was badly constructed.
In mid-nineteenth century new ideas and inventions in England, started the Industrial Revolution which started the United Kingdom on the road to industrialization. This big change of being industrialized, created lots of problems for England. This essay is going to discuss “to what extent was a lack of city planning responsible for overcrowding during the Industrial Revolution”. Massive amounts of people came to the cities from the villages for getting employed. City grew so fast, people needed places to live and there was no time for any urban planning so the government had to add so many buildings in really short time.
Before families lived as communities in the rural areas but industrial revolution led to urbanization, which attracted different people from different cultures to come to the towns in search of work, and they ended up living together, forming new societies (Freeman & Louçã 83-116). Economically, many countries have experienced the development of infrastructures such as the transport and communication sector, the health sector, and the agricultural sector, which have promoted good living standards for the citizens of these countries (Jovane, F., et al. 641-659). On the political front, countries were able to form governments since they were able to sustain their economies. The style of politics also improved from the ancient dictatorial system to the modern day democracy.
Europe took a new shape in there world. It was the Industrial revolution that changed and made what Europe was today. Because of this new idea of the Industrial revolution, the social, technical, and political structure have changed. Although many fundamental ideas have stayed, much has changed. During the period 1750-1850 C.E., the social structure and technology changed from a basic class of poor and rich and very simple machines, to a growing middle class and very advanced machines used by factories, while the political ideology stayed the same.
The Industrial Revolution brought change in the socioeconomics of western cultures. These changes, in turn, influenced families. Three major aspects of the industrial revolution have been cited by scholars of family history as having great influence on family life (Coontz, 1992; Hunt & Hunt, 1987; Lasch, 1983; Demos, 1986). First, the rise of market capitalism influenced which families had the opportunity to make money. Second, consumerism, that is, the desire/ability to attain to a higher standard of living, changed families ' motivation for earning money.
This period became a turning point in the history of European demography. It was the beginning of cultural, societal, religious and technological transformation – a consequence of the Age of Reason and the Scientific Revolution. The Age of Reason (or Enlightenment) was a progression of ideas of liberty, tolerance, modern science and the church and state which were the antecedent to the Industrial Revolution . The Scientific Revolution saw the emergence of reason and developments in the fields of science, especially biology. In the early 18th century, Europe had high fertility rates nevertheless, the population didn’t increase much as Europe also saw high mortality rates.