Cities improve due to innovation, but humans residing in them may not. The Industrial Revolution was a period in time where new inventions helped labor become less taxing and more efficient in the South. On the other hand, the North developed urban cities, which attracted many people. Urban cities had become the epitome of civilization: ease of life and wealth was present, but not available to everyone. To elaborate, these urban cities provided job opportunities to women.
The socio-economic factors are very important in the promotion of a denser form, as they play an important role. For the idea of the compact city to be successful, social and economic considerations need to be given equal weight to environmental concerns, and the compact city needs to be controlled and managed appropriately. There is a belief that urban managers should adopt a realistic and balanced approach, and the compactness should include the intensification in a wider variety of settlements, including sub-centers and suburbs, which could be connected by efficient transport links. 18.104.22.168 Social Aspect Many authors discuss the social effects of urban sprawl (Hillman, 1996; Kelly-Schwartz et. al., 2004; Duany et.
Indeed, the book is a perfect reflection of the situation of urban centers in the contemporary world. Application of the authors’ concepts may contribute to the consequence of rapid urbanization and slow growth of cities as well. Chapter 9 of the book highlights the importance of effective leadership in the management of cities to stimulate their growth. Additionally, Glaeser recommends the promotion of READING RESPONSE4 education and consumerism to spur economic growth. He asserts that a society that is enlightened is capable of solving the various challenges in urban centers.
The social problems that urbanization and industrialized in the late 19th century created was slums. “Forty-two men and women in a room not more than twelve feet square, and in the corner on a heap of dirty straw lay a woman with a newborn babe” (Related Document 1, pg. 275). Immigrants were living in an overcrowded tenement and having to pay high rent. They lack access to clean water for drinking, garbage and sewage system.
The urban society is a complex environment in which many people live amongst each other, and are constantly impacted by people, the government, and real estate. First of all, the people are influenced by all of the others around them, and the constant activity. Also, people can be affected by the layout and development of the city that they are living in. The neighborhoods and zones established by the real estate market and government can influence people’s lives. Throughout the history of urban development, the government has had a major impact on the design of urban areas.
The problem of cannot find a good job leads to lack of human capital and this leads to less productivity in society. Productivity is important in our society because productivity is used to determine the living standards in a nation. Productivity is the efficiency in which we convert inputs into outputs in our society where it can be affected by environment and lack of resources (D., 2006). Thus, it could affect everyone’s living standard in a society. Furthermore, human capital is not only about education or job experience, in fact, many other factors such as health and personality traits like determination are highly likely to change an economy circumstances.
Other factors consist of a greater variety of entertainment mediums such as (cafeterias, movie theatres, arenas, etc.) and a most definitely better quality of education for all. Due to high populations, urban areas can also have much more diverse social societies allowing others to find people with similar interests. These conditions are heightened during times of change from a pre-industrial civilization to an industrial type. During this transition time new marketable enterprises are on the increase, thus generating new jobs.
Global Perspectives Individual Report TOPIC: QUESTION: Poverty What are the impacts of poverty? Why did I choose this topic: Poverty is a problem that we all face nowadays, it is the root of many problems such as poor people move to cities seeking for shelter, and they in the end make small huts of their own within cities making these slum areas. If poverty could be finished from this world, it can make the rural areas more developed so that the people in rural areas would not migrate to urban areas thus making the relation between rural and urban areas better. Poverty results in several other problems like increased crime rate and extreme inequality between the rich and poor communities. So I believe that by personal efforts we can enlighten people about this growing dilemma.
1.0 The rural-urban linkages and promotion measures of small and medium scale enterprises According to Chen and Li (2004), integrating the rural and urban areas involves treating the cities and villages or countryside, industry and agriculture, and even citizen and peasants as an integrated part rather than differentiating or isolating the rural and urban areas. The main reason behind this approach is to break the institutional barriers that prevent the coordinated urban and rural development and in turn strengthening the rural and urban interactions (Luo and Li, 2005). The segregation between the rural and urban areas according to the FAO (2011) has been artificial and counter-productive. The rural urban linkage can be described in term of linkages across space that is the flow of people, good, information and money; linkages across sectors such as linkages between the agriculture, service and manufacturing sectors. In a
High population density implies low per capita cost of providing basic services and infrastructure. Even though there are high rates of poverty in many cities, urban residents, on average, enjoy better access health care, education and other basic public services such as water, electricity compared to the people in rural areas. As the cities grow they become more complex to manage. Some of the concerns include the pressures imposed on the natural environment, natural resources and individual’s rights. One may argue that rapid urban growth in the developing world has outstripped the capability of most cities to provide sufficient basic services for people but despite limited resources, cities are fighting and working on a daily basis, in order to reduce the poverty levels of citizens and offer them better standards of living with abundant opportunities (Cohen,