Urbanisation is the shift from rural to urban moving massive amounts of people into large cities, something that is happening quickly in the world right now. By becoming more urban, the world has changed forever for the better and the worst. Many different phenomenon and events both caused urbanisation or are a result of urbanisation. There are both negative and positive effects of urbanisation and they also play an important role in our lives. Urbanisation is happening in our life time and their causes and effects also impact us.
This has attributed to rapid urbanization, which has put considerable pressures on the government and citizens economically. Since people who once relied on agriculture are being forced to move to cities due to water scarcity, one would assume that this only brings negative consequences; however, there are also many benefits to urbanization (as long as it is sustainable). First of all, with a growing population in urban environments, there is an increase in the development and diversification of businesses, especially in terms of service industries, as the growing population requires new products and services (Dociu and Dunarintu). Therefore the overall development and diversification of the local economy also extends to services and goods produced for exportation, thus increasing GDP and foreign investment. In
Society and Environment The connection between society and Environment is very crucial. However, to be able to understand the connection between the two first it is important to understand what the two terms mean individually. A society is a group of people involved in a social interaction and the deeper study of society, human behavior and related concepts is called sociology. Furthermore, Environment is our physical and biological factors along with their chemical interactions which affect an organism or a number of organisms. As we know that society and environment have a connection.
SGH refers to the conditions in which individuals live and work and which influence the likelihood of living a healthy live (Labonté & Schrecker, 2007). Globalization affects SGH by its influence on trade liberalization, economic rearrangement, financial liberalization, the global restructuring of production and labour markets, effects through the physical environment and by changes in health systems made by the global marketplace (Labonté & Schrecker, 2007). It is suggested that trade liberalization positively affects a country’s economic growth, therefore augmenting resources and increase health services and access to other SDH. However, globalization has uneven affects, which are locally isolated (Labonté & Schrecker, 2007). Concerning labor markets and the global organization of production, globalization has led to increased competition, which may decrease a government’s ability to implement labor standards, health and safety regulations and other social policy measures.
The environment includes the surroundings, conditions or influences that affect an organism (Davis, 1989). It impacts the health of humans in a vast array of ways, which can be divided into positive and negative ways. In one way it can act as a provider of raw materials that sustains health and in another it can be a waste sink that if not managed properly can compromise the health of humans. I am going to be critiquing the role it plays in human health under those two headings below. DEFINITION OF TERMS Environment- biotic and abiotic surrounding of an organism Biotic- living things as well as their products Abiotic- anything, chemial or physical that lacks life Health- state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely
This cause elderly people in Japan have difficulties of shopping in their daily life. This problem often happens in urban areas, especially local cities. Food security may be affected due to this problem. Increased in aging population can cause alterations to the food supply systems. Because of this, food insecurity started to rise over large area.
Extended period of employment among the citizen and work casualization has significantly increase low class population. It can be said that as a result of new market structure, there have be a change in the social composition of cities. This new change reflects in increased socio-economic segregation of the city. As such changes are determined based on the interest of the upper class stratum in most case against the interest of other society classes (Madanipour
Migratory movements are caused due pressure on land because of rapid growth of population, decline in rural industries and handicrafts, lack of employment and livelihood etc. thus, migration is one of the dynamic constituents of population change and a vital component of development. Labour migration may be defined as a form of labour mobility towards districts or states or outside where industry and employment are expanding. In the other words, migration may be the phenomenon of the flow of people over shorter or longer distances from one origin to a destination either for temporary or permanent settlement. Present scenario of Construction sector and labour migration in India
The effect of migration on individuals, households and regions add up to a significant impact on the national economy and society. This study mainly focuses on impact of migration in India. The study describes the factors contributing towards rural to urban migration. Most developing countries are experiencing the phenomenon of migration of the rural population to urban areas. The main reason for migration among males is lack of proper employment in rural areas which makes people to migrate to urban areas for better employment.
I. INTRODUCTION: Urbanization generally refers to a process in which an increasing proportion of an entire population lives in cities and suburbs of cities. Historically, it has been closely connected with industrialization. Urbanization initiates industrialization-led economic growth and transition from agricultural-based income and employment to non-agriculture based livelihood opportunities. Rapid urbanization causes shift in rural livelihood base and often result in migration of the farm laborers to off-farm activities in the cities.