Urbanization refers to the process of raising population growth in cities and rural, it also includes the rise of industrialization. The government, industry and business deal in urban areas are involved.The United States and Europe had started their urbanization since the 19th century. On the other hand, by the end of 2014, 54.7% of China’s total population live in the urban areas, which is a rate that rose from 26% in 1990. They are currently experiencing a rapid increase. Yet, urbanization has many benefits.
This affected the nation significantly, as the population decreases, not much children would grow up to work for the nation, thus creating less income and therefore not increasing the nation’s GDP as much as it can. The numbers of immigrants accepted into Canada dropped to less than 12,000 in the 1935 from 169,000 in 1929, thats over 1400% loss in immigrants. The amount of immigrants accepted into Canada never rose above 17,000 for the remainder of the decade. The number of deportations, however, rose from fewer than 2,000 people in 1929 to more than 7,600 in just under four years. In addition to the deportations, approximately 30,000 immigrants were forcibly returned to their original countries over the course of the decade, this was predominately due to illness or unemployment.
Urbanization is seen as an effect of the current globalization phenomenon, as people, through their view of urban centers as a rich source of employment and access to other economic activities, coupled with the fact that social amenities are available in urban areas as opposed to rural areas, continue to migrate to urban areas to access this facilities. Urbanization is defined as the continued proportional increase of an entire population which live in urban areas and the surrounding sub-urban areas. It is a function of population increase, which can occur through natural growth within the existing population and rural-urban or urban-urban migration. (Owuor,2012).Urbanization is greatly linked to industrialization which took place in the mid 18th century in parts of Europe and which many countries continue to experience. As industries continued to grow, there was emergence of towns due to concentration of labor in the industrial areas and the emerging needs for housing and other social amenities for the factory
Correlation between industrialization and immigration, along with innovation and natural resources, lead to growth in wealth and manufacturing in America at a rapid pace. This correlation lead to the expansion of highways and railways that furthered expansion west along with strides in public education and social reform (Carpenter 30). Due to mass immigration and industrialization, major changes were required in the organization of the economy and the structure of employment (creating the position of middle management, for example). Moving goods from plants to consumers also required an expansion in transportation and a supportive institutional structure for the expansion of business, and an increasingly urban society. A governmental bureaucracy was needed to build roads, manage cities, and to educate the population for employment in factories and
There was a growth in the output of both agricultural goods and Z goods which led to a surge in rural household incomes. The rise in agricultural output and incomes led to an increase in demand for manufactured goods which was met by an “expanding rural industrial sector utilising labour intensive technology”. Consequently the rural non- agricultural activity grows and leads to better incomes for rural households which in turn increases the demand for agrarian products. In the Meiji period the increase in agricultural income led to the enhancement of health, nutritional and educational levels. “Higher expenditures on food and clothing; and increased use of modern facilities such as medical and dental clinics, trains, bicycles, telegraph and postal systems, electricity, and even entertainment forms such as motion pictures” point to an improving living standard for the overall rural population.
Many people changed their work from agricultural to non-agricultural tasks moved to industrial regions and lead to mass migrations within a country. Big cities were established as a result of industrial revolution and played important role in production, consumption and politics (C.A. Bayly 2004, 185). One of positive influence of industrial revolution is that transportation such as railway was also developed (Eric 1996, 60). Development of transportation is important not only for the development of industrial revolution to transport materials, goods, workers, but also for the connection among different regions, which is a part of
The industrial revolution was a major catalyst for social change. This revolution accelerated the growth of the urban population at an alarming rate. During this time material wealth increased tremendously, life was extended. Society was restructured in many ways. For the first time since the Neolithic Revolution, people were going outside of their homes to their workplaces.
So, people think they can get more opportunities in the big cities which rise abruptly in succession. Then they began to move to urban. The consequence of this is the population of people are much more than the population of rural area. On the other hand, the improvement of agriculture is also very important effect of in industrial revolution. Although more people come to urban area and join the industry, but the provisionment hadn’t decrease or stop.
Colonial America experienced significant changes during the late seventeenth and early eighteen centuries. The most important changes included the development of cities to became the main ports, and Southern part of America was transformed to be a major contributor to colonial America’s economy. These changes resulted in the rise in population with thousands of immigrants coming in large numbers due to the growth and improvement of the agricultural estate. Following this period of economic boom, colonial America experienced two major revivals that had long-term effects on the nation with regards to religion, government, and human nature.The two changes were Enlightenment and The Great Awakening. The Enlightenment revival focused on stimulating the role of