Countries all over the world are facing the problems of a high urban sprawl, the phenomenon that urban spatial patterns changes into large outward expansions of low density areas (Burchell et al, 2000). Urban sprawl has serious consequences to a good quality of live in the whole city. For instance the average journey time from work to shopping- or residential areas becomes larger because of the urban sprawl. This also leads to other side-effects as pollution and accidents, problems with the facilitation of public transportation in low density areas and many, many more. This negatively effects the quality of life, especially in US-city’s where this problem often occurs.
The development of the stadiums, parks, houses, warehouses have taken up the area of the wetland, reducing its size. These developments were created to keep up with the large urbanisation rate the area was receiving. Most of the creeks and waterways were built over for development reasons. There was a destruction of the mangroves, saltmarsh and
Air pollutants in My Community and the Possible Causes of Air Pollution Air pollution has become a problem in Monrovia, the capital city of Liberia due to garbage burning. In every corner, most especially in the capital city suburb of Paynesville, Heaps of household along with industrial rubbish are piled up in Monrovia, and are not always being collected by the companies
Industrial and capital hubs in developing countries are similarly characterized by multiple urban sprawls, informal settlements and overcrowding. The local governments or municipalities in many developing countries are highly challenged by mainly poor or weak policy and legislative provisions to regulate and enforce waste management guidelines. They also lack adequate funding and the correct capacity in terms of waste management personnel. All these challenges lead to situations where these local authorities are failing to take effective decisions with regards to solid waste management. It is worth noting that the decisions which municipalities are facing in terms of managing solid waste are not only difficult and capital intensive but they impact greatly on the natural environment as well as on social lives of people, therefore solutions to this issue are a matter of
Because of urbanization, people in cities are constantly exposed to high level of pollution, adulterated food and chemically grown vegetables, which adversely affects their health, owing to which the average life of people living is cities is less than people living in rural area. 6: Political activities: 7:
SOUTH AFRICA AND WATER POLLUTION In South African, water is a scarce resource and there is an increase in water pollution and reduced quality. The following activities contribute to the economy of the country, but they have a negative impact on the water quality by introducing pollutants into the water bodies. Water pollution is a negative eternality as it is produced by certain industries or activities and its effects extends to the society and the ecosystem (OpenStax college, 2015). It is important to understand activities that South Africa has and can impact the water negatively. Urbanization As the world develops, more people move to the urban areas for different economic and social reasons.
These include the unprecedented levels of unemployment, overcrowding, an acute shortage of housing, poverty, healthcare problems and deviant behavior amongst urban population (crime, violence, alcoholism, drug addiction), and, finally, the problem of environmental impact (UNPD, 2015). The public in general is inclined to believe that urbanization negatively affects the environment (Stiling, 2012) and there are many conquering views that colossal and drastic increase in the number of cities is one of the main contributor of the planet 's global ecosystem’s environmental degradation (Bornkamm, Lee and Seaward, 1982; O 'Brien and Western, 1976; Gaston,
For example chronic lack of rural employment opportunities, rapidly increasing population pressure and land fragmentation, were the major forces behind the high rural-urban migration in Ethiopia. ( Desalegn, 1984) Although migration from rural areas known to cause a lot of economic and social pressure on the poorly developed and already congested urban areas in the third world countries, it is not without its series of consequential impact on areas of origin and also rural out migration of women was rising in many parts of Ethiopia as a result of development leaving women either temporarily or permanently in charge of households in urban area (palmer,
Due to its increase in population size the availability of space and housing becomes a problem. Inhabitants of Limbe have no respect for master plans so they put up anything in the form of a building be it a store to sell, or shed for callbox center (informal settlements) or a place to leave in due to failure of consistent checks by authorities in charge, that is; Urban Development planning and housing and Land tenure offices. Three main reasons amount to renewal process in Limbe which are; Political The first major changes happening in Limbe have a political reason attached to it. Most of the changes focused on road maintenance, building of shops among others which led to positive and negative effects. The first was the renovation of roads linking small neighborhoods like cassava farms and lump sum.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Information To achieve a title as developed county as par as the other developed counties, Malaysia need to overcome a few challenges. Those challenges are include rapid rate urbanization, degradation of environmental quality, insufficient transportation system and many more as stated in Malaysian National Urban Policy 2006 (Ministry of Housing and Local Government , 2006). However, rapid rate development has contributed to several environmental degradation such as; degradation of the water quality, air and ambient noise. Increasing of the population and high vehicle density on road has become the contributor to the environmental degradation especially in large cities as Kuala Lumpur. Transportation