Urbanization In Ghana

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Squatter areas have grown in such large size and numbers that it has a strong influence on the planning of Ghana’s major cities. The majority of squatter residents in Ghana at present are in Accra; example of such area is Madina. Another problem related to squatters is the lack of cleanliness in the living area and congested living conditions which result in the squatters living in unhealthy conditions. Due to the lack of sanitation facilities and wastes disposal sites, waste are also thrown into the rivers, such as river Oti and the Korle Lagoon and other places such as the major streets in the neighborhoods, behind the houses of other people and the bus stations. Although some squatters have proper sanitation facilities, majority of them…show more content…
Environment As noted above, the major causes of urbanization in Ghana are out-migration from rural areas to urban centers, in response to the lack of paid work and social services in rural areas. An increase in urban population puts pressure on existing resources such as land, water, and energy; it generates more waste, thus creating disposal problems. Other damaging effects include increased use of domestic and industrial chemicals, the spread of unplanned and blighted settlements, pollution of air and water, and the degradation of…show more content…
Large cities become ‘regional heat islands’, which can alter local weather patterns. • Air Pollution - One of the most obvious differences between an urban and a rural area is the air quality. Due in large part to heavy motor vehicle traffic, and also to energy production, a blanket of smog hangs over many cities. This polluted air is, in addition to being quite ugly, a public health problem. • Water Pollution - When an area is urbanized, the water cycle in the area changes dramatically. First of all, cities have more precipitation than surrounding areas, with pollutants and convection currents serving as magnets for raindrop formation. Once the water falls, instead of being absorbed by the soil, it is instead channeled into run-off systems, picking up ground pollutants along the way. This pollution is added to that brought about by industrial waste and sewage disposal, which is often untreated, especially in cities of the developing world (Puga,

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