Urbanization In Jamaica

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Chapter one
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Background of the study
Jamaica, with an area of 11,420 square kilometers is one of the three largest islands in the Caribbean. The nation’s population is estimated to be 2.6 million but the demographic rate has shown a population decline in the past decade. The population declined by 0.6% in 2001.
More than 40% of the island’s population lives in rural areas, which might decrease in time, if the present rate of urbanization continues. The majority (90%) of Jamaicans is of African descent with the remaining 10% spread unevenly across ethnic groups such as Indian, Chinese, Syrian and Caucasian.
Having once been a colony of Britain Jamaica’s political and constitutional forms show much affinity to Westminster-Whitehall
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The authors argue that the programs for economic restructuring initiated first by the IMF Standby Agreement of 1977 evolved into constant monitoring of the economy well into the 1990s. Further, Henry-Lee (2001) is of the view that the Economic restructuring was in line with neo-liberal ideas which, although had positive outcomes on the fiscal side had counterbalancing effects in the high social costs that were imposed on the population. The researcher believes that these social costs imposed on the populace, could have contributed to the growth of informality in Downtown…show more content…
In 2003, a study of the “informal economy” in Jamaica[footnoteRef:2], cited factors such as the demand for informal services, namely, illegal goods and services, by tourists as well as Jamaican households to be key contributors to informality. Specific reference was made to the demand for marijuana and other illegal substances, personal services (for example hair braiding and prostitution) and music and entertainment. [2: M. Witter, “The Informal Economy in Jamaica”, in D. Pantin, 2005]

Most of the activities involved in producing and distributing music in Jamaica may have been informal, and appear to be increasingly so[footnoteRef:3]. The demand for informal employment is often derived from the demand for services produced by informal economic activities. [3: M. Witter, “The Music Sub-Sector of the Jamaican Economy in 2012”, prepared for the Mona School of Business and Management”, December,

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