Urbanization In Malaysia Case Study

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1. INTRODUCTION Urbanization in Malaysia has increased with time and this leads to the improved living standard of Malaysian. As our country continues to develop, more land has been turned into residential area, thus encouraging the population growth. However, when population increases, the amount of waste generated increases as well. Serious environmental problem such as pollution in Malaysia occurred due to the increasing number of municipal solid waste management (Saeed et al., 2009). According to Kutty(2016), the municipal solid waste (MSW) increased all over 95% within 10 years due to rapid growth of urbanization . Kutty also found that urban population had contributed the largest scale of generated waste with more than 70% of total generated…show more content…
Compost is rich of nitrogen, phosphate and sulphur which are nutrients for plant, which is useful as fertilizer (Eco-Ideal Consilting Sdn Bhd, 2009). Eco-Ideal Consilting Sdn Bhd. (2009) also stated that organic compost can increase amount of organic matter in soil when applied, which effectively restore and preserve the environment, thus compost is useful when contaminated sites needed to remediate. Composting is possible to be conducted in large scale. Eco-Ideal Consilting Sdn Bhd. (2009) has stated Majlis Perbandaran Subang Jaya (MPSJ) or also known as Subang Jaya Municipal Council had run “Projek Pengkomposan Sisa Makanan” before, from May 2008 to April 2009. MPSJ set up food waste separation and composting facilities which were prepared for the food waste collected from 4 hawker centres in Subang Jaya. Hawkers had been given awareness talks about the composting process and their roles in the project, which are segregating food wastes and placed food wastes into communal waste bin. Food wastes were collected and transported to composting facilities, which were responsible to processes the food wastes into compost within 24- 48 hours. This project was considered successful as hawkers participate actively by following instructions and the compost showed high levels of nitrogen, phosphate and calcium oxide. This project indicates composting is a long term sustainable

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