At the end of the century, America had one of the largest industrial economies in the world. Not only did the rapid growth of industry propel the country towards self-sufficiency but also gave rise to proliferating development in cities. The depression in 1873 which occurred due to the unrestrained development and financial over-speculation should not be overlooked. Consequently, small business suffered and unemployment rates had risen during this
“The Triumph of the City” by Edward Glaeser gives insight into factors that can make an urban center thrive economically and culturally as well. A city that provides a conducive environment for people to live in ultimately leads to its development. Cities such as Paris and New York are a reflection of successful cities in the book. They offer a business-friendly environment and job opportunities as well. However, they too face challenges of rapid urbanization such as high-cost of living and congestion.
The economy gave birth to a middle class and consumerism in the cities. In addition to this trend, there was mass immigration as American prosperity became apparent internationally. At the time, many portions of the world such as in Europe were experiencing strife. This led to migration to the US. Most of these immigrants were poorly skilled and uneducated.
1a). This made New York City grow tremendously between 1830 and 1860 (Doc. 1a). The Documents say, “Prior to the construction of the Canal, New York City was the nation’s fifth largest seaport, behind Boston, Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New Orleans.” So, before the building of the Canal the port wasn’t very popular. After the building, New York City was the busiest port in America after 15 years of the opening of the Canal (Doc.
For many women, their first job outside the home was in the garment industry” (Presley, 317). The increase in styles and innovations in fashion created large demand for workers in clothing factories, many of those employed were women. Some of those women who began working in the garment factories then went on to work in marketing and other positions in the fashion industry. Another new opportunity that fashion introduced was sporting wear, innovations and improvements were made so that woman could have the appropriate type of clothes to perform well. For instance, “ Private women 's colleges led the way in adopting exercise clothing that allowed women to develop their athletic abilities, exert themselves physically, and compete in team sports.
One of the most well-known economic industries in America is manufacturing. Manufacturing contributes $ 2.09 trillion directly to the economy. This industry is expanding and growing in the USA meaning there is an increase in the outcome of this industry. Many people work in this industry which means that they earn money, and no one is poor anymore in the USA. Because of many people working in manufacturing, the economy of the USA has increased dramatically.
Many states, especially those with meager populations, actively pursued immigrants by offering jobs or land for farming. The industrialization lured millions seeking economic opportunities for their families, while were anxious to escape oppressive governments. Whatever the reason, with these groups came a rich culture that would forever help to reshape the nation. One of the most significant ways the immigrants altered the United States was the way in which they settled upon arrival. The majority of these new foreign immigrants settled or “clustered” in larger cities such as New York, San Francisco, Chicago and Philadelphia.
American cities were rapidly growing in the late Nineteenth Century, which led to new problems. Immigrants from all over were flocking to the big cities of the U.S. Many of the problems (i.e. housing, food regulation, space) can be attributed to overpopulation and a lack of resources. As the cities began to increase their populations, they were unable to sufficiently facilitate the growth.
In the mid-eighteenth century, North America was home to a diversity of people and different kinds of social organization. North America became home to this because of all the land that was won due to war or surrendering. The land came with people obviously, so the more land that North America gained, the more people came in. As a result, its population continued to grow which lead to a diversity of people and social organizations. Indeed, the increase in population had to do with the diversity in North America, however, religion, political, and the economy did too.