Contribution of Agriculture towards Development of Rural Areas. SUMMARY 1. Farming is the fabric of rural society and, in many countries of the world, it is the main economic activity. Any sudden and profound changes which impacted on the farm sector could have severe consequences in terms of social and political stability in economically developing countries. 2.
In conclusion the Agricultural Revolution had a positive effect on human civilization. This is because new jobs were opened up, because of more spare time, which helped simple technologies be developed. Humans also learned how to control their animals and plants. Despite what others may say, many positive effects on human civilization came from the Agricultural Revolution. Also, without the Agricultural Revolution humans would not have been able to develop technology and learn how to domesticate animals as quickly.
However, the question as to how beneficial the Agricultural Revolution was to humanity remains. Some people argue that the Agricultural Revolution offered and illusion of lavish life, but at more cost than benefit. For example, Friedrich Engels, co founder of Marxism, believed agriculture the direct cause for a loss of political innocence (Noble or Savage 2). Others argue that agricultural came as a great success for the survival of the human race, and believe it to be crucially beneficial to the development of humanity. Both arguments have their flaws and strengths, however, evidence suggests that the Agricultural Revolution benefited humanity from the perspective of a larger group, but came as a deficit to humanity from the perspective of the individual human.
Urbanization may be driven by local or global economic and social changes, and most of the time is the product of industrialization. As urban areas grow the population shifts from rural to urban areas, which is an example of how society adapts to change. The industrial revolution is the best example of this transformation to urban life, people wanted to upgrade their standard of living. This had both good and bad outcomes, the good was that it increased jobs and a bad outcome was that the life for the low class wasn’t that great. Most people were working for long hours for very little money to survive.
Thus, growth in the agricultural sector will lead to improvements in people's living standards. 12- Expansion of the market scale There is more output in the agricultural sector, due to the mechanization of agriculture. It expands the size of the market. If there is more production, then things can be exported to other countries in the world. Exporting help more foreign exchange in the country.
Urbanization can be seen both positively and negatively. Urban areas tend to be more productive then rural areas in terms of basic living facilities therefore it can be considered as a positive development, while on the dark side the rapid growth of urbanization threatens the food security. It is then when the agricultural sector faces severe problems due to its disability to cater and provide for the growing number of urban dwellers. Further problems associated with urbanization include the rise of food prices which have an adverse effect on the urban poor, contributing to unrest in the society. Urbanization has a profound effect on the various corners of food security which indicates that investments and infrastructure will definitely be
Many people changed their work from agricultural to non-agricultural tasks moved to industrial regions and lead to mass migrations within a country. Big cities were established as a result of industrial revolution and played important role in production, consumption and politics (C.A. Bayly 2004, 185). One of positive influence of industrial revolution is that transportation such as railway was also developed (Eric 1996, 60). Development of transportation is important not only for the development of industrial revolution to transport materials, goods, workers, but also for the connection among different regions, which is a part of
Urban crop production has been viewed as one strategy where recent research suggests that food insecurity could be tackled (Pothukuchi and Kaufman, 1999;Mougeot, 2001, 2005a). Urban crop production has been shown to be an important source of food in developing countries and a critical food ‘insurance policy’ for poor urban households (Mougeot, 2000; Nugent, 2000). Urban crop production also affects household nutrition as it provides a source of fresh, locally grown crops that meets the micronutrient requirements in poor households’ diets (FAO, 2001; Maxwell, 2001). Other benefits have been documented, such as increases in household incomes due to the sale of urban agricultural produce (Sanyal, 1985; Smit, 1996; Sabates et al, 2001; Henn, 2002). Given the urban population growth world-wide, the phenomenon of urban agriculture as a food, income and employment generator is likely to
Cities concentrate poverty, but they also represent the best hope of escaping it. This essay will discuss how the potential benefits of urbanization far outweigh the disadvantages and how the challenge lies in exploiting its possibilities. It will also offer some examples to support the argument. Growing urbanization and the concentration of poverty: Due to urbanization there is more congestion in many large cities which can be
If urban cities started having their own farms in the locality, transportation of foods from far locations would have a major decrease. Transportation of produces is a major cost to a country and is also not environmentally- friendly. The fossil fuel consumption in transportation with in a country and internationally is at an alarming high level. This pollutes the environment leaving large carbon footprints. Pollution is directly proportional to increase in population, hence with time this process will get even more damaging to the environment.