Keywords: waste, waste management, waste bank, swot 1.1. INTRODUCTION The rapid of urbanization, industrialization, and economic development have caused of the rapid increase in waste generation. Waste is leftover materials that are not considered direct use arising from human activities. There are two types of waste, consisting of organic and inorganic also were classified into two groups: household waste and non-household waste. In developing countries, including Indonesia, the main source of solid waste from non-household waste coming from, commercial establishments, markets, institutions, street cleaning, hospitals, and manufacturing businesses (Gatot, 2000).
Introduction World city World city is a city that is not just a city that has a big contribute to their own country but that is a node the rest of the world. World city is a significant node of production of specialised financial service that help a global economy run (Renn, 2012). How does a city become a world city? According to Barbara Speed she said in the city metric that for a city to become a world city they need “connectedness” with other words to be connected with the world on a global scale she also wrote that you need “good transport routes to tie you in the world economy: an international airport, have your own docks. Have highly international jobs mainly in finance and media industry the presence of government and cultural centres
The contemporary world is an urban world. This is apparent in the expansion of urban areas and the extension of urban influences across much of the habitable surface of the planet. Today, for the first time in the history of humankind, urban dwellers outnumber rural residents. Urban places – towns and cities – are of fundamental importance: for the distribution of population within countries; in the organization of economic production, distribution and exchange; in the structuring of social reproduction and cultural life; and in the allocation and exercise of power. Furthermore, in the course of the present century the number of urban dwellers and level of global urbanization are likely to increase.
1. a) Agglomeration economies are a significant power that help distinguish the advantages of the "clustering effect" of enormous amount of activities varying from transport to retailing terminals. There are three chief categories of agglomeration economies: Urbanization economies involve the cost savings wired with manufacturing in a large city, more by reason of inexpensive and intermediate services, goods, extremely large labor pool and extensive knowledge spillovers. World-wide known Dubai is a great example of Urbanization. In United Kingdom can be noticed in Wiltshire, Swindon and Buckingham shire. These towns show of the rapidest growth rates in Europe.
This essay consists of the summary of the assumption of two of the major sociological perspectives on urbanisation and an analysis on the perspective ‘a way of life ‘ ,as to saying why it is best one out all the three. Urbanisation is the process of the shift in the population of the urban area from the rural area. It is the gradual increase in the population in the large cities. Many sociologists have studied and built theories on the enormous increase in the population of the urban areas with some contemporary trends of urbanisation around the world, which now help us in the better understanding of the concept. One of the important part of evaluating or analysing the these theories of urbanisation is by identifying the use of the four C’s of the urban experience made by these sociologists.
In 1970s, Jakarta is the only one of the biggest city in Indonesia, which Governor Ali Sadikin (1966-1977) had succeed to change that nation’s capital becoming metropolitan and the center of social orientation, culture, politic and government. Jakarta is becoming the place to obtain money and getting work easily. Mahayana estimated there are more than 80%, the urban came into Jakarta to find a job. Half of them are educated people and the other is unwell educated. Hence, sociologically mudik was tradition derived from middle lower class, which on one hand they’re still have bonding with their home once another was reluctant to stay in Jakarta.
1.1. BACKGROUND INFORMATION It is well known that environmental pollution is a product of urbanization and technology aided by overpopulation, industrialization and mobilization that are crucial for the developing countries and not excluded happened in Malaysia. The pollution rates in urban areas are generally higher than in rural areas. The increasing number of factories that are built in order to fulfil the need of development in some areas has been the main cause of environmental pollution to air, water, soil, and noise pollution. Pollution can come from many sources; point sources or non-point sources including biological contaminants, chemical contaminants or physical contaminants.
Economic Impacts Of Tourism In India ABSTRACT: "Tour" is gotten from the Latin word "tornare" and the Greek word "tornos," signifying 'alathe or circle; the development around an essential issue or hub. ' This significance changed in advanced English to Speak to 'one 's turn. ' In creating nations like India tourism has gotten to be one of the significant parts of the economy, adding to a huge extent of the National Income and producing colossal vocation opportunities. It has turned into the quickest developing administration industry in the nation with awesome possibilities for its further extension and enhancement. Notwithstanding, there are advantages and disadvantages included with the improvement of tourism industry in the nation.
Section 1: Understanding city growth Urbanization of a nation should not only be associated with increase in city populations, but also with growth in the number of cities. It would be wrong to presume that urban growth is dominated by mega-city development. The four of the largest cities in India are home to only 5.5% of the country’s total population. Much of urbanization takes place by developing new cities and by the growth of smaller metro areas. There were just 12 cities in India which had populations greater than 1 million in 1981.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1. BACKGROUND INFORMATION It is well known that environmental pollution is a product of urbanization and technology aided by overpopulation, industrialization and mobilization that are crucial for the developing countries and not excluded happened in Malaysia. The pollution rates in urban areas are generally higher than in rural areas. The increasing number of factories that are built in order to fulfil the need of development in some areas has been the main cause of environmental pollution to air, water, soil, and noise pollution. Pollution can come from many sources; point sources or non-point sources including biological contaminants, chemical contaminants or physical contaminants.