Changes or conflict in any one layer will ripple throughout other layers. To study a child’s development then, we must look not only at the child and her immediate environment, but also at the interaction of the larger environment as well. American psychologist, Urie Bronfenbrenner, formulated the Ecological Systems Theory to explain how the inherent qualities of a child and his environment interact to influence how he will grow and develop. Through the Bronfenbrenner Ecological Theory, Bronfenbrenner stressed the importance of studying a child in the context of multiple environments, also known as ecological systems in the attempt to understand his development. A child typically finds himself simultaneously enmeshed in different ecosystems, from the most intimate home ecological system moving outward to the larger school system and the most expansive
By studying lifespan psychology, we learn that while childhood development is important, the way you are brought up and the environment you grow up in, has consequences on your life. We study lifespan psychology to offer an organised account of development across the lifespan of humans, to identify
The influence of environment (poverty and social economic status) on child development The social environment in which a child grows up has a big influence and effect on the child’s development with regards to their schooling, in particular. Poverty and social economic status (SES), both have an impact a child’s academic achievement. Poor academic achievement and participation are closely correlated with a low social economic status, poverty and inconsistent family life (Dubensky, 2006). This essay will look at this theory by mainly focusing on Bronfenbrenner’s ecological framework and how it applies to the theory that development and environmental circumstances coincide. Bronfenbrenner was born in Russia, on the 29th of April 1917 and died on the 25th of September 2005 (Hook, 2009).
Instead of stages like Erikson, Bronfenbrenner had systems to show how connected and influenced the child is to their environment. He believed that children are not only affected by their immediate surroundings, but are affected by culture and the government too. The first system is the microsystem, this is the most immediate connection to the child. This system includes the parents, teachers, and friends of the child. The next system is the Mesosystem.
The way individual actors focus their attention is strongly influenced by their environmental stimuli, as actors are part of multiple social networks, cultures and structures. The situational fit between the institutional logic and environmental characteristics determine an actor’s identity, goals and schemas guiding social interaction. This perspective takes a rather instrumental view on rationality, emphasising on the role of personal interests enabling a variety of cognitive orientation rooted through multiple networks and structures (Lounsbury, 2008). Lounsbury (2001) highlighted the role of collective social movement in the creation new institutional logics. The authors showed how the ecological movement SEAC helped in building upon a recycling industry and the diffusion across American universities.
These views posit that environmental agents (parents, teachers, peers) shape (teach) behavior both by directly reinforcing desired behavior and by providing models of socially appropriate behavior. Albert Bhandura(1969): Modeling, Imitation and Identification: According to his thought, the growth of children is based on the learning experience they get from their social environment. Parents are an important source to imitate behavior, language, gesture and mechanisms as well as attitudes and values. Muuss (1975) Adolescence is a time when they can experiment with adult roles and determine a realistic sense of self. Adolescence is the period during which the skills and attitudes are acquired to help develop adults who will eventually contribute to society in meaningful ways.
This model also helps identify problems that indirectly affect the child, meaning that this problems or obstacles that may come because of the family and peers and how they affect the child’s development. Bronfenbrenner believes that teachers should create a caring environment and create relationships with the children that can last for a life time. The theory also underlines that the problems that the child and the families face are caused by the conflict between the parent s workplace and the family
Ecology is the study of relationship among living organisms and their environment. It is the science which deals with inter-relationships between the various organisms living in an area and their relationship with the physical environment. Human ecology means the study of human groups as influenced by environmental factors including social and behavioral factors. (Gidey G, 2006). Human ecology is the environment, or context, influences the way people live and their health outcomes for better or for worse.
Environmental factors and the affects it has on brain growth and development What affects a child’s brain growth and development? This is a question that teachers, doctors, and parents often ask themselves. The answer is there are many things that affect a child’s brain growth and development. In fact, everything that a child experiences can play an important role. The factor that I want to focus on is the environment.
One of the teachers’ roles is to teach children to learn through observing the environment, their peers, and children themselves. Through observing, teachers can know more about the child, teachers able to notice when the child needs help or guidance in his or her learning progress, and teacher able to know about the child’s family background, as this may affect the development of the child’s cognitive, physical, and social and emotional, this helps teachers to scaffold the child to improve his or her weakness and move to the next higher level of developmental mile stones. Through observing, children can learn through imitating their peers’ attitudes(teachers have to correct children if they behave negative attitudes), children can learn to observe others’ emotional and build good social