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Urinary Incontinence Essay

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BACKGROUND
The prevalence of older adults with urinary incontinence (UI) is increasing rapidly as the population becomes older.(1) Estimates of the prevalence of UI in residents in nursing home facilities range from 50% to 70%.(2) UI can severely affect quality of life, and its costs for society are high
The major clinical types of urinary incontinence are stress incontinence (leakage with maneuvers that increase intra-abdominal pressure), urgency incontinence (sudden urgency followed by leakage), mixed incontinence (symptoms of both stress and urgency), and overflow incontinence. Urinary incontinence is common in women. The prevalence of urinary incontinence in men is approximately half that of women. Because of the multifactorial causes of UI and the susceptibility of the elderly to adverse drug events, treatment of UI must be individualized. Some medications (antihistamines, benzodiazepines, antimuscarinics,
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These instruments facilitate the collection of information in a systematic fashion. The LUTS pharmacotherapy evaluation tool described here developed for the support the performance of pharmacy clinical decision and management of drug-related problems for pharmacotherapy of LUTS. As a result of our monitoring and consulting of LUTS improves patients’ CLSS score and the assessment of the content of prescriptions for patients with adverse events using the assessment sheet is beneficial for the discovery of AEs of LUTS medication. However, there was no great change in patient’s QOL, in spite of the improvements of CLSS. And there were no collaboration and information sharing between community pharmacists and general practice in this study. To obtain efficient services for LUTS patients, this services should be intended to be in close collaboration with GPs and nurses.
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