The Boston Massacre occurred in 1780, six colonists were shot and killed by British Soldiers. Adams successfully defended these soldiers in court, although it was the unpopular view of the colonists. In 1774 Adams was chosen as a delegate to attend the First Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia. During this meeting Adams played a leading role in convincing the congress to strive to declare independence. After this first meeting of congress Adams was elected once again to participate in the Second Continental Congress in 1775.
After Lexington and Concord, the Second Continental Congress didn’t pursue independence, but they did select George Washington as the military commander. From April 1775 to July 1776, many colonists were confused for their feelings of independence; some colonists wanted to mend differences, while others wanted to fight Britain. The British fought back hard and strong by burning down towns and attacking the colonists. Thomas Paine’s book, Common Sense, argued that the colonists out grew the need for any English rule and they should be given independence. Finally, Thomas Jefferson was appointed to create a draft of the Declaration of Independence, and it was approved by Congress on July 4, 1776.
The Ideals of the Declaration: Which is Most Important? There are four ideals in the Declaration of Independence. The American Government became independent in July 1776. Five men wrote the Declaration of Independence, the main one being Thomas Jefferson.
He was the one to get 60 men who were against the Sons of Liberty to dump the Tea into the Boston Harbor. Samuel Adams first proposed the Continental Congress. He proposed this idea because he wanted Britain to be independent. In 1776 as he was representing peers, he signed the Declaration of Independence. With all of this said, he had a big impact on what lead up to the Revolutionary
In The Federalist Papers Alexander Hamilton wrote 51 of them and there were only 85. In the presidential elections in 1800 Thomas Jefferson and John Adams were the nominees. Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton were both running to be Thomas Jefferson’s vice president. The people voted and they tied so Hamilton began promoting Jefferson and then he won the vice president spot.
Franklin was one of the oldest Founding Fathers -- he was 70 when he helped the 33-year-old Thomas Jefferson draft the Declaration of Independence and 81 when he later signed the Constitution. During the Revolution, he served as an ambassador to France, where he used his reputation and resourcefulness to get the help that was necessary to win the war. He then helped arrange the Treaty of Paris with England, which firmly established the independence of the new United States of America. Benjamin Franklin, was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
During the American Revolution, Jefferson was elected governor of Virginia and, after the war, he was appointed minister to France. He also served as the nation 's first secretary of state, its second vice president, and its third president. “He went on to make one of the most eloquent arguments against Parliament 's authority over the colonies, asserting that the colonists were only united with England through their voluntary allegiance to the king.” in 1779, Jefferson succeeded Patrick Henry as Governor of Virginia, but only served one term. During that period, he urged a war of extermination against the Shawnees in Ohio.
James Madison (1751-1836) was the principal creator of the us Constitution, the Secretary of State below President Chief Executive, and therefore the fourth president of the us. throughout the Revolution, he helped draft Virginia 's state constitution and served within the congress. within the years in real time following the war, he grew convinced of the domestic and international disasters that may follow unless the national government was reformed, and so joined those vocation for a Constitutional Convention. He teamed with solon and diplomat to publish the Federalist Papers. once the Constitution 's confirmation, he served within the us Congress from 1789 to 1797.
The Boston Port Act closed the Boston Harbor. The Massachusetts Government Act restricted democratic meetings of the town and the governor 's council was an appointed body. The Administration of Justice Act said that if a British Official commits a crime they are sent back to Britain to be prosecuted. The Quartering Act said that the colonists had to provide a home to British soldiers if needed. These acts were all in direct response to the Boston Tea Party and infuriated the colonists.
The United States Constitution was created to define the powers and limitations of the government. It replaced the Articles of the Confederation, and was ratified by all 13 states in 1787 (American Government, n.d.). The ratification of the Constitution was not without opposition, and the government was split into two groups: federalists, and anti-federalists. The federalist group believed that a national governing body, ruled by the elite class was necessary. Antifederalists, on the other hand, believed that state governments should have more say, and that the government should be run by ordinary people (American Government, n.d.).
The Sons of Liberty club sprang up to oppose the tax, so they burned the stamps and drove out all the stamp collectors. The Boston Sons of Liberty, headed by Sam Adams, was one of the most uncontrollable patriots in the country. Townshend Acts: •Named after the Chancellor Charles Townshend became the birth of six new laws. The motivation for these acts was to use the money to pay the salaries of governors and judges so that they would stay loyal to Great Britain. Mainly so that the governors and judges would punish the province of New York for failing to obey the Quartering Act.
He then, with the consults of other committee members, proposed the draft of the Virginia Constitution and other sources. A final draft was submitted to congress on June 28, 1776 under the name of, “A Declaration by the Representatives of the United States of America. After voting in favor of the Declaration, Congress ratified the Declaration of Independence and had the delegates sign the document. The Declaration would later be considered one of Jefferson’s major achievements, and his actions had been considered an enduring statement of human
The Tea Act which took place in 1773, and was one of the last attempts from the British to control the amount of money it was making on the colonies. The Boston Tea Party occurred soon after this act started being enforced, resulting in hundreds of cases of tea being dumped into the Boston Harbour. The British kept on attempting to pass taxes in the American colonies but every new tax they passed fueled the revolutionary flame within the angered
The Massachusetts Bay colony had put together a circular letter for all the other colonies basically trying to get them to boycott Great Britain for being unfair and unconstitutional. The new colonial secretary was ordered by parliament to get the assembly to back off. Then later order for the Massachusetts Governor Francis Bernard to get them to back off. And when that couldn 't be done they sent in the army. And the