According to history.com “U.S. Congress soon afterward issued resolutions that declared Cuba’s right to independence, demanded the withdrawal of Spain’s armed forces from the island, and authorized the President’s use of force to secure that withdrawal while renouncing any U.S. design for annexing Cuba.” McKinley then set up a naval blockade on Cuba and started requesting American volunteers for their military. This decision caused the Spanish to declare war with America which we now call it the Spanish-American War of 1898. The war started out on May 1, 1898 when Commodore Dewey and his naval squad went into the Philippine Islands at Manila Bay to successfully gain control of the sea when they defeated the Spanish naval force that was trying to defend the Philippine Islands. The victory of the defeat triggered McKinley’s want for acquiring the Philippines land as a trophy for the war, leading to tension between the Americans and Filipinos.
There were many important causes and effects of the Spanish American War. In the 1880’s the U.S. wanted to achieve manifest destiny and so they expanded out west and took control over the Native Americans. There were four different motives that the United States could’ve used to imperialize: political and military interest and economic interest were mostly with trading. Humanitarian and religious interest, to help those that you have allied with or to spread religion and the rich help those who were “under privileged.” Lastly, social darwinism, the idea that you are superior than someone else. The United States wanted to avoid war and so they set up trading alliance with both China and Japan.
3 different presidents each had their own way of dealing with the issues. Wilson 's “Moral” diplomacy, was to help the nation whose ideas and ideologies fell align with that of the nation, but damage those who didn’t. Taft 's “Dollar” diplomacy, was diplomacy through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries. Roosevelt 's “Big Stick” diplomacy, was referred to as “speak softly, and carry a big stick.” He himself described his diplomacy as "the exercise of intelligent forethought and of decisive action sufficiently far in advance of any likely crisis.” One of President Roosevelt 's most noticeable accomplishments, was the building of the panama canal. He convinced the Panamanians to rebel against their rulers, and build the
The United States secured the rights to build the canal in Panama in 1903, but to acquire land to build on, negotiations with Gran Columbia were necessary since they owned the country of Panama. When the Columbian senate rejected the leasing of the land proposed by the US, it angered Theodore Roosevelt and led him to support a Panamanian revolt against Columbia and prevented a Columbian response by displaying the strength of the US navy off the coast of Panama, which quickly led to Panamas independence and their subsequent acceptance of the same deal that Columbians rejected. The canal open in 1914 and the whole affair became successful example of Big Stick Diplomacy’s use of peaceful negotiation at first, simultaneously coupled with a threat of military intervention to be used when it becomes
When Mexico declined their offer, President James Polk needed an excuse to go to war with Mexico to steal California right from underneath them. Polk spread the rumor that it was their “manifest destiny” to extend America’s territory to the Pacific Ocean. Historians today ask the question: Was the United States justified in going to war with Mexico? The United States was not justified, because the United States were greedy for land, “manifest destiny” is weak excuse, and because of the human cost. The United States had its eye on expand its territory and started with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.
the United States invaded Cuba in 1898 to pursue humanitarian efforts. the United States used propaganda targeting humanitarian concerns to incite the public to declare war. As Americans were interested in the Cuban Revolution, sensational journalism only raised tensions between the United States and the Spanish monarchy, which would help cause the war. While General Weyler
The Philippines and Guam soon became American territory. Then businessmen in Hawaii ask to annex Hawaii, but some Filipinos and native Hawaii didn’t want that to happen. So the U.S. did of what some called “unrighteous” and “unjust” and had war with the Filipinos. It took 75,000 U.S. soldiers to conquer the Filipinos. After the war Theodore Roosevelt came back to New York and became the Vice President.
Through the Chinese Civil war, the United States had been supporting Chiang by transporting the Nationalists troops to northern Chinese cities to preempt the Communist armies from taking the victory of Japanese surrender in World War II (Kissinger 98). On one hand it sympathized Chiang Kai-shek as a wartime ally, and on the other it wanted to maintain the position of democratic. Mao’s victory was greeted with dismay in Washington and arose a debate over who had “lost” China (Kissinger 98). However, the United States believed that the Nationalists government in Taiwan would eventually take its seats back and return to Mainland China since it retained the Chinese seat in the United Nations Security
Also, these two presidents were able to use public information as a tool for their causes, and it helped to gather support. Woodrow Wilson also sided with the pro-imperialists, believing that the United States had the right to do with these nations as they pleased. It was after both World Wars that arguments and actions occurred against extensions of presidential power. The author mentioned that Dean Acheson, who was President Harry S. Truman’s Secretary of State, criticized the right of the president to be able to use American troops in executing foreign policy, while the Congress has no say in the matter. Also, this was followed by actions by the Supreme Court to say “that Truman had gone beyond his authority by moving to take over strike-bound mills to ensure the steady production of war material”.
Rooted in American exceptionalism, the idea that the United States is different from other countries due to its mission to spread liberty and democracy, America acquired territories like the Philippines. Many Americans accepted the ideology of the white man’s burden; an important factor in the decision to rule, rather than liberate the Philippines after the country was taken from Spain after the Spanish-American War. One of America’s notable examples of American imperialism was the annexation of Hawaii in 1898 which became a state later in 1959. Imperialism greatly effected many nations throughout the late 1800s and 1900s. As countries fought for more power and influence, it became one of the main reasons for WWI in the early 1900s.