It provides extra nutrients for the plant’s growth and life cycle. It can also increase the soil’s capability to retain water. Organic farms use humus since it is composed of decomposing leaves, another chemical reaction. Humus, which is essential to the soil, balances out the presence of carbon and nitrogen ratio of the soil. It can also retain, remove or lower concentrations of pollutants present in the soil (Royal Society of Chemistry,
“Sustainable agriculture is the act of farming using principles of ecology, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment” The expression was composed by Australian agricultural scientist Gordan McClymont. It has been defined as “an intergrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will last over the long term. Eg: • Satisfy human food and fiber needs • Appreciate environmental quality and the natural resource based upon which the agricultural economy depends • Make the most efficient use of non-renewable resources • Assist the economic viability of farm operations • Enhance the quality of life for farmers and society Environment Sustainable agriculture can be
The goal of organic agriculture is to contribute to the enhancement of sustainability. But what does sustainability mean? In the context of agriculture, sustainability refers to the successful management of agricultural resources to satisfy human needs while at the same time maintaining or enhancing the quality of the environment and conserving natural resources for future generations. Sustainability in organic farming must therefore be seen in a holistic sense, which includes ecological, economic and social aspects. The organic agriculture techniques are known as ecological sustainable by • Improving soil structure and fertility through the use of crop rotations, organic manure, mulches and the use of fodder legumes for adding nitrogen to the soil fertility cycle.
The concept of food has undergone a radical transformation in recent years. Before food was consumed mainly to satisfy hunger and to provide enough nutrients whereas nowadays food is intended to prevent nutrition-related diseases and improve the physical as well as the mental well-being of consumers (Wholefoods Market, n.d.). Thus, organic food has become very popular. Organic food refers to the way agricultural products are grown and processed. Although organic regulations differ by country, different countries have different regulations regarding organic food, but organic food must be grown without the use of toxic and persistent pesticides (Robinson, Segal, & Segal, 2017).
In society, we are used to what foods we have and are oblivious to the fact that there used to be many more options. We are the main reason this has happened; using pesticides to grow our crops. There are other methods such as organic or sustainable farming, but farmers fear that this style of production will result in higher costs and, less profit. The use of chemicals in farming
Organic farming benefits food production without destroying our environmental resources, ensuring sustainability for not only the current but also future generations. Cultivation While their conventional counterparts may sow by direct drilling of seed into herbicide treated soils, organic farmers are usually at least partly dependent on cultivation to remove weeds prior to sowing. In contrast to cultivation, direct drilling does not mechanically disrupt soil structure and removes the risk of exposed soil being lost to wind or water erosion. This is a valid argument where farmers are working marginal quality soils. However, the structure of agrichemically-deadened soils is weakened by the corresponding loss of soil life and thus unable to maintain its integrity under occasional cultivation.
However, we must learn to combine the benefits of both and fix the fix the hole we dug ourselves. Despite casing groundwater depletion, monocropping, and costing too much money, GMO farming is an efficient way to produce crops on a massive scale. Organic farming may be more susceptible to diseases and pest damage, but it is cheap and healthy which allows poor farmers to grow subsistence crops. It is hard to determine which type of farming is a better way of agriculture. Nonetheless, it is not hard to see the negative effects on the world that both types of agriculture leave.
This essay will examine the benefits and drawbacks of genetically modified foods, emphasizing on public health, farmers’ production cost and the environmental impacts. To compare with the traditional edibles, GM foods are the food with better quality. Owing to the advanced technology, some useful features of a comestible can be transmitted through modifying genes. This means that nutrients are not restricted to the initial amount. Humans are possible to obtain a combination of essential nourishment which natural foods do not have (Barak, S., Mudgil, D., & Khatkar, B.S., 2010).
Genetic engineering is much more precise than conventional hybridization and so is less likely to produce unexpected results. Nowadays the market demands only excellent quality plants even though most of these goods will not be seen while being consumed (vegetables in soup). This trend forced farmers to apply genetic engineering on all crops. Since GMOs are now protected against threats to strong yields, they are now more resistant especially when it comes to having longer life and so on. According to Cornell University in the article “what is Agricultural Biotechnology?” An example for the effectiveness of GMOs are the Papayas that were hit with papaya ring spot virus which devastated the crops by 40 percentage reduction in only five years.