They did this by paying special satirical attention to the events in society at the time. Based on readings of restoration texts, a satire can be defined as a technique used by writers to criticize corruption of an individual or institution, like the government, by using humour and wit, with the intention of improving the situation or issue. Dryden, Swift and Congreve supports the meaning of satire in their texts, by using satirical elements such irony, hyperbole and incongruity. An important element of satire that these writers employ in their writings is irony. In the text, “Mac Flecknoe”, Dryden continuously uses irony to support the meaning of satire.
Authors have long used satire to uncover and censure absurdity and debasement of an individual or the public by utilizing irony, silliness, distortion, or ridicule. It expects to enhance the individual and society by censuring its indiscretions and shortcomings. Various authors for example, Horace, swift, Juvenal and Twain, have applied satire in their works. Authors may use a parody of an individual, a nation, or even the whole world. The essence of satire is to produce a composition, which makes fun of an individual or the public to uncover its ineptitude and inadequacies.
Villains often play a vital role in contrasting the protagonists, which brings upon sympathy towards the protagonists. In The Stranger by Albert Camus, society directly criticizes Meursault 's actions and beliefs, evoking Meursault 's sadness in the story. While in The Meursault Investigation, Merault is the antagonist of the story because he kills Musa, Harun’s brother. Meursault indirectly provokes Harun’s anger and fuels his ambition for his actions. Both stories present villains differently, where society is directly criticizing Meursault’s beliefs and actions in The Stranger while Meursault is indirectly hurting Harun in The Meursault Investigation.
According to dictionary.com, satire refers to “the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues.” (Dictionary.com) During the enlightenment period when Voltaire wrote Candide, communicating one’s displeasure with social and political issues was not acceptable and those who did were often looked down upon. By using satire, Voltaire is able to exaggerate his feelings while at the same time mocking social norms and those in power. Voltaire uses satire in Candide to communicate his opinions on several topics, which include, suicide, religion, sex, and the philosophy of optimism to name a few. Voltaire’s Candide is a story of a young man’s adventure and how his experiences change his philosophy on life. Although Candide’s adventures begin with a rather positive confidence that he lives in “the best of all possible worlds” his attitude is quickly transformed when he realizes the world is in fact full of evil.
Humour as a powerful tool to change things: the status of women in yesterday’s and today’s satire. Since Aristophanes’ comedies, satire has been aiming at criticizing the injustices of the authorities as well as the moral wrongness of society. By the wise use of wit and humour, satire castigat ridendo mores, a Latin phrase coined by the 17th century French scholar Jean de Santeul. The meaning of the sentence is that one can change customs of society s/he is living in by laughing at them. In other words, the best way of changing things is to point out their absurdity and satirise them.
The Underground Man condescendingly reminds his audience that “It is so subtle, so difficult of analysis, that persons who are a little limited, or even simply persons of strong nerves, will not understand a single atom of it” (Dostoevsky 15). By understanding his position, he sees it as a privilege and adopts this external point of view which can be seen in his mocking tone towards his audience of gentlemen and sirs. He would often claim that the people above are folly even though he is similar to them. By contradicting himself, he can maintain his claims of being sick, spiteful, and unattractive. Despite his criticism towards the people above, he strives to become like them and seeks for acceptance.
Hamlet’s gang’s double-crossing him is also part of this particular scenario and from that one can read into the annoyed and bitter tone Hamlet is using by saying something like that. This highlights the importance of inserting comic relief in the right context. The sentence on the wedding’s meals being served at the funeral suggests a negative attitude Hamlet possesses towards the functioning of the world and its processes. He believes that the world will end when people become straightforward and when there is sense in everything. This says a lot about Hamlet, about the way he perceives the world around him and this subsequently explains the actions and behaviors he exhibits.
Joker constantly uses the pronouns “you, as if he is talking to the reader. This enables the reader to feel more engaged in the work, trying to understand and answer the questions Joker is asking. The significance of this passage is that Joker is staring at himself in the hollowed mirror but appears as if he is staring right at the reader. By asking the why although the world is “a black, awful joke, … but you can’t see the funny side”. The joke he refers to here has a negative connotation, possibly indicating the actual killing of people, hence the title of the book The Killing Joke.
Satirical works can also make people change their opinions about the conditions in society. When I read this essay the first time I was shocked and I did not know if I should take it seriously or if I should laugh. Then I started to read background information and the more I read the more I was realizing what was Jonathan Swift´s main reason at writing his satirical essay. I am sure, that Jonathan Swift’s work, A Modest Proposal, made people think about their situation more and that is the point of his
His subsequent feelings of remorse bring the story full circle and show humankind’s detrimental weakness of judging a person by their appearance. Although the plot of the book includes no resolution or improvement to this societal flaw, its theme educates the reader on the dangers of visual