Intrinsically, this theory does not perceive other purposes or obligations to deliver more resource or salary to people that need most of resources and to the people that deserve most of resources. Utilitarianist especially pay attention for doing best things that create happines in whole society. However, utilitarianism largely prefer a specific distributive action. For example, they give priority to decrease wealth of rich people for delivering it to the poor people - distribution of goods or resource. Furthermore, in companies, utilitariansts can prefer to take away the salary of board of directors for expanding salary of permanent workers of the company.
In this case, there is no deterrent effect. Nevertheless, the serial killer causes intense unhappiness to the families of those he kills. So, perhaps one could think the deterrence argument does not work. However, deterrence is qualitatively superior to an objective like revenge because revenge is merely the satisfaction of a base passion. Therefore, our point is proven that capital punishment can be a tool to reduce crime and maximize happiness for all those actually or potentially affected by its implementation.
(Mill, utilitarianism, p.697) To put this into simpler terms, Mill is essentially saying events or experiences are desirable only when it is a source for pleasure, so actions are good when they lead to higher levels of general happiness and they are deemed as bad when it lowers your general level of happiness. However, it is important to note utilitarianism doesn’t say it is morally right for everyone to purse what make them alone happy but instead morality is dictated by what increases the total amount of utility in the world. Pursuing your own happiness at the expense of the majority of social happiness would be viewed as wrong by utilitarian’s. Mill then proceeded to say that morality requires impartial consideration of the interest of everyone involved, its not just about your own happiness. Utilitarian suggest that we make our moral decisions from the position of a benevolent, disinterested spectator.
To look at whether restraint is ethical, Utilitarianism and Kant’s ethical theory can be applied to cases where patients have been restrained. These theories have different ways for deciding if an act is acceptable or not. Utilitarian theory is the belief (based on morals) that an action is right if it creates the greatest good for the most people. It is based on the calculated consequence or outcome of a specific action. If somebody using an utilitarian approach thinks an action would bring the most pleasure or happiness to the majority of people then it would be the right thing to do.
Second, "Punishment is deserved. Criminal sanctions are justified because those who voluntarily break the law forfeit some of the rights claimed by citizens." (Siegle & Bartollas 2014 pg 6) The guilty get the punishment that they deserve, this justification is
It should be in every circumstances that their is in this world. If someone murdered someone just because they wanted too needs the death penalty. If they were put in jail for doing a bad crime them they should not be put in prison when they should get the death penalty. Jail’s get overcrowded when that becomes a problem. Capital punishments needs to be enforced because crimes are happening every day and people needs to be punished for the things they have done to other people.
These children work in gruesome conditions, with extreme heat or rain for a dollar per day so as to mine cobalt which is later sold to cellphone battery manufacturers in China and South Korea. The batteries are then sold to companies like Samsung, Apple and Sony; three leading companies in the production of smartphones and they profit greatly from this child labor. Now, this is why utilitarianism sounds unfair. On the other hand, however, Jeremy Bentham; an English philosopher and creator of this theory states that utilitarianism is important as: “The highest principle of morality is to maximize happiness, the overall balance of pleasure over pain.” However, my own view is that utilitarianism is a flawed theory as it does not consider each individual’s rights and states that some people
Act Utilitarianism plays an important role on maximizing benefits for the most people. The moral worth of any action is judged by how much the benefits gained for all perceptive beings. Some individuals may suffer from these actions, it does better for a bigger number of people if utilitarianism holds the conducted ethical principle. Ethical egoism refers to the moral conduct should be judged through self-interest. It states that the good consequences for the individual has greater ability as compared with the consequences placed upon others.
After all, no one person wants to be treated as a tool. The greater good is all fine and good, but a person’s individual good is also as important. However, arguments notwithstanding, if people solely follow this punishment theory, then yes, their actions can be justified. Of course, many immoral acts can be justified under this theory which makes it a very dangerous theory, if it is the only theory society is