Instead of letting others live, he was selfish enough to keep his life and continue killing others. Traditions can be brought down generation by generation, but death is not necessary. In The Lottery, Tessie’s family grin as they know that her daughter is about to die. In a society, certain traditions should be removed if they do not improve or benefit the society. To conclude, Tessie and Mary Maloney are both morally corrupt resulting in selfish and self-centered acts.
His death benefitted the future Salem’s people, because they suspected that the court was fraud and overthrew the court, preventing further executions for suspected witchery. John Proctor’s choice of good connects to Arthur Miller’s purpose, because both people chose to defy a strong system that was against their beliefs, and accepted a punishment that would affect themselves and their loved ones forever. Both Arthur Miller and John Proctor were suspected of doing wrong, and both accepted the consequence in order to preserve their name and
The upstanders, much like the protestor in the Hangman, were all aware of the possible danger that they could have been in. Nonetheless, they put their lives at jeopardy so that they could fight for what was right, caring for the lives of their townsfolk before their own. If the witnesses in “The Hangman” had given aid to the protester, they would not have suffered their fate, and the Hangman would not have been able to execute the whole town. Similarly, if bystanders had supported the upstanders in the Holocaust, not as many individuals would have had to endure the atrocious events that were forged - the starvation, the suffering, and worst of all, the deaths. The idea that upstanders would have been successful if bystanders had helped is also presented in a short film based on a true story where a French woman, along with the help of other people, was able to save
The idea that the offender will no longer be alive after sentenced to death provides peace for families of the victims. This assures the victim’s families that the killer will not strike again. Of course putting the murderer to death does not bring back their loved one, but it sure does provide a sense of justice. On the contrary, opponents of capital punishment believe that instead of sentencing offenders to death, they should not seek revenge and should instead decide to give them life in prison without the possibility of parole. However, for most people, their suffering is immeasurably increased knowing that the person who murdered their family member or friend –and who in many cases, inflicted unimaginable terror– is not only alive, but also being cared for (Prager).
The actions that have the best consequences and thus permissible can sometimes be unjust. Conscience is the decisive sanction for the principle of utility. Mill suggested that every human possesses a natural sentiment of concerning others’ welfare. When such natural sentiment is encouraged, other people’s pleasure would become our standard of moral judgment. 8 By considering the maximum happiness for maximum number of people, we are indeed attempt to place the morality assessment squarely under public observation, instead of being a matter of personal intuitions.
The will is strengthened and rebellious. This is the form of nihilism that does not stop at judgement, but goes on in action to be destructive towards the remaining vestiges of empty value systems. The strength of the will is tested by whether or not it can recognise all value systems as empty and meaningless, yet admit that these lies arise out of us and serve a purpose. This denial of a truthful world, Nietzsche says, may be a “divine way of thinking”. The active nihilist recognises that simplification and lies are necessary for life.
This is supposed to allow us to determine which action has the most benefits or lower total costs and is therefore moral. On the other hand, under the rule utilitarianism, we look at individual acts to see whether they produce more pleasure than the alternatives. If the actions produce more pleasure or have lower costs, then they are the moral types of actions. Rule utilitarianism’s basic strategy is to limit utilitarian analysis to the evaluation of moral rules. Theorists came up with the rule utilitarianism as a response to different concerns critics had about utilitarianism.
Another issue is that there is a small chance that an innocent person could get convicted and sentenced to death killing an innocent man. As a president, I would attempt to eradicate the death penalty. I would do this by letting the people know that it is a risk to have the death penalty because an innocent person could get convicted because he/she was at the wrong place at the wrong time making it look like he/she is guilty. I would also say that being in prison for life is worse than being put out of your misery, and if some were a serial killer I would want them to do the most time in prison they could have. With this information hopefully the people would reconsider how inhumane the death penalty
Lying is against Deontologist school of thought because it is irrational when following the categorical imperative and it hijacks autonomous decision making. The maxim followed is: “Lying is always wrong”. We must consider what this means for an argument - when is it attractive to lie, but we still must refrain? It is attractive to lie when we feel like we are trying to help the situation by skirting around the truth. The situation where this is best expressed it brought up by Kant in his case of the Inquiring Murderer.
If a potential offender realizes the fact that he will be sentenced to death, should he commit any hideous crime such as rape or premeditated murder, chances are that the instinct of survival that exists in every human will kick in; this combined with the fear of him being executed will deter him from actually committing such crime. One of the main concrete evidence to support this opinion was presented by Isaac Ehrlich in 1973. Using his innovative analysis, the results indicated that for every criminal executed, seven lives were saved because other to-be criminals were deterred from committing homicide. To make sure his results were undoubtedly correct, Ehrlich did follow-up studies, only to reconfirm his conclusions once more. Another objection raised by the opposition regarding this topic is that capital punishment will safeguard society.
Next, if George didn 't do it then Curley and the rest of the farm workers would have killed Lennie. It was better that someone who actually knew and cared about Lennie killed him, instead of strangers who didn 't understand that Lennie is harmless. “ ‘Don’t shoot ‘im?’ Curley cried. ‘He got Carlsons Luger ‘Course we’ll shoot ‘im’ ” (P.98). Considering this quote, it shows that the workers were ready to kill Lennie with no mercy.
In both modern society and the world set forth in the beginning Ayn Rand 's The Fountainhead, altruism and selflessness are praised as accepted ideals while independence and selfishness are abhorred. This twisted idea of morality is challenged by the protagonist of The Fountainhead, Howard Roark. Though selfishness can be broadly defined and can be harmful at times, Howard Roark exhibits a specific type of selfishness that does not seek to harm others, but to simply preserve the person 's ego and personal pursuit of success. The best way to define the nature and effectiveness of Howard Roark 's selfishness is through examining his interactions with other major characters and comparing their egos, integrity, and approaches to achievement. Peter Keating is an interesting character in that he tries to be selfish, but he has no actual sense of self.