Utopia And Dystopian Theme In Voltaire's Candide

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he literature concept of dystopia means the unpleasant place to live in, which portrays social issues, political, religious, ethics, economy, dehumanization by governments and morality subjects. In literature, it is used to describe society as an enemy of the main character. Referring to society as a dystopian depends on everyone’s point of view. For example, someone may feel indifferent about forbidding alcohol in his country since he or she may have religious beliefs or thinks that alcohol is sensible to them, while someone else would disagree because he or she thinks that it is a matter of choice and that people have the right to elect for themselves. Perhaps their religious beliefs encourage having alcohol. Although we clearly see the utopian theme in Voltaire’s Novella Candide, it is categorized as a dystopian story. I would say it is a dilemma between utopia and dystopia; we also sense a dystopian theme in the novella that shows a deep meaning in how to be a part of a whole and how to live right as a human being. In Candide Voltaire’s novella, we are taken on a journey to discover and view the world from a dystopian angle. We are also led by Voltaire to wonder about their world. Voltaire’s creation shows two different characters. Pangloss, as the positive character who advises Candide and makes him think positively in the life and in contrast, Martin; who is dystopian, he expects the worse scenarios of life. I will be analyzing Pangloss’s character and compare it to
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