On a normal scale, measuring the association between two subjects, one would assume gentrification and school segregation are not related in any sense. In fact, most would argue that school segregation ended in 1954 with the Brown v. Board of Education. This assumption would be incorrect. Deep within the American society lies a new kind of segregation that is neither talked about nor dealt with. Segregation is a result of gentrification—the buying and renovation of houses in deteriorated neighborhoods by upper-income families or individuals—thus, improving property values but often displacing low-income families.
(Jackson, 1987). It is the cycle of poverty based on race. When an ethnic group, or a specific race does not have job opportunities as much as dominant group does, they make less money, so that they can only afford cheap residences in isolated neighborhoods, they are excluded and as a result they cannot easily get jobs since they have been excluded. Even housing demand of ethnic groups is supplied by a governmental agencies, it fails to look for locations near jobs and important infrastructure, like working schools, decent public transportation, and other services. (GIA, 2009) Another relevant example relating to institutional racism is that, in nearly all West European countries, Labor market legislation discriminates against foreigners.
However, Lees (2010) states that super gentrification can bring about resentment between communities and this can lead to conflict between the middle class communities who were the original inhabitants and the super-rich gentrifiers who come to push them out of their areas. Based on all of the above mentioned positive and negative effects of gentrification and super gentrification in London it is very clear this is a very controversial process. Gentrification highly impacts the urban areas where it stimulates the growth rate of the economy in these areas while on the hand adversely affecting the low income earners in this region who sometimes may be rendered homeless. This also can lead to a wider gap between the poor and rich which can highly affect the social stability of
It is no longer perceived that homelessness is a problem of the substance abuser, idle, and mentally ill. Homelessness in Cleveland has been greatly affected by several factors that were resulted from severe economic and social situations. A particularly important factor is the lack of affordable housing and the economic situations that influenced the implementation of programs and policies intended to combat the social illness. As the number of the homeless increases, so does the causes of today’s
It is obviously unaffordable for the original residents in favelas. The original residents now have to leave their homes and find under-developed and unsafe places (Menichiello, The Borgen Project). The increased rents directly show that gentrification is only focused on the titles to the lands and new businesses of affluent people rather than improving the living conditions for everyone. Additionally, loss of affordable housing causes increased rate of homelessness. Low-income residents not only lose their homes, but they would also lose their job if they do not find new places where affordable houses can be found and their jobs are close to.
‘Few matters in this nation has more myths and stereotypes surrounding them that poverty’ (Mark, 2013). This occurs because the issue is politicized distorting the truth that is presented on this subject. Firstly, it is a myth that the rate of poverty in this nation is down and that those affected by this are not many. The fact is that there are a good number of poor people in the country and have been subjected to advent poverty for a long time now, and most of them stay in the inner city. The author presents his research whereby he claims that the population in contact with poverty is overwhelming.
The conclusions of gentrification has shifted in recent years, whether it stands for its moral or corrupt. In the course text from the Sharon Zukin’s article, “Naked City: The City That Lost Its Soul”, argues that gentrification is often detrimental to low income/longtime residents, destruction and the end of old authentic neighborhoods. Zukin argues, based on the facts on white-collar men and women have taken up all space, development of new residents and creating a cultural/economic barrier between rich and poor, young and old. Vice Versa, according to recent studies and new formulas of gentrification, it is an effective urban planning strategy because it minimizes the growth of slums, prevents crime and causes growth in the economy. Therefore,
They do not meet high income expectations and incarceration reduces inmate’s wages from 30-40%. Men who go to prison then released are less likely to marry their partner furthermore stable relationships disband. Moving a large portion of people in and out of prison can cause a strain within a neighborhood. Recent studies
The growth of the population especially in the urban areas of Nigeria has assumed an alarming proportion, therefore the provision of urban infrastructure and housing to meet this demand is not proportional, which has resulted in acute shortage of housing. This deficit in housing has both negative and positive impact on the quantity and quality of housing in Nigeria. The paper includes a review of literatures stating the current housing condition in Nigeria. Using data gotten primarily by observation and secondarily by review of other literature, the paper researches on the present impact of housing deficiency on Architecture. The paper provides the positive and negative impacts of housing shortage on architecture in Nigeria, such as,