Designer babies are related to eugenics in terms of that it makes gap among people and. Designer babies make gap among people even though they have equal rights to live. Because designer babies are made for their successes of life. If the people who are designed are succeeded, it makes the gap bigger. Moreover, genetic modification costs money, from $100,000 to $300,000 (Lent, 122).
According to the World Health Organization, genetic disorders affect one in every twenty-five children born worldwide. We humans, along with all other known organisms, possess genes in our cells that determine everything about how we look and function. Occasionally, an organism may inherit a faulty gene, causing it to have one or several detrimental characteristics known as genetic disorders. This may also occur due to environmental factors that the organism is exposed to, such as ultraviolet radiation, which damage its genes and cause alterations in them when they repair. The recent discovery of CRISPR-Cas9, or simply CRISPR, a defense system against viruses in bacteria, has presented the possibility of gene-editing in a way that is faster,
Epigenetics is a mechanism for mediating gene activity independent of DNA sequence determining which genes are turned on and which genes are turned off. (Holliday, 1994) This mechanism therefore plays a key role in the onset of many complex diseases, like for instance cancer. DNA methylation is a crucial epigenetic modification of the genome that is involved in regulating many cellular processes. Basically, DNA methylation
The immune system can later in the future recognize the same disease if it comes back and will automatically form antibodies. Unfortunately, there still many diseases for which it is impossible to create vaccines. B. Vaccines are the most beneficial and safest treatment for a disease. There are different kinds of vaccines to treat various amounts of
Pylori infection is on a steep decline in most of the western countries mainly due to the success of combination therapies and improve personal hygiene and community sanitation to prevent re-infection.The situation is not improving in many of the developing countries due to failure of treatment regimes and emergence of durg resistance. The infection in some cases leads to chronic superficial gastritis, chronic active gastritis, peptic ulcer disease and gastric adenocarcinoma.Humans are the only important reservoir of H.Pylori.  Children may acquire the organism from their parents (more often from the mother) or from other children. H.pylori is easily cultured from vomitus and gastroesophageal refluxate and is less easily cultured from stool. One of the most distinctive features of H.pylori is the genetic diversity between clinical isolates obtained from different patient populations.
The disease is caused by a combination of two types of viruses that includes Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and any of the viruses from potyviridae family. Examples of viruses of the potyviridae family include sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) and barley yellow mosaic virus (BaYMV). The viruses affect the maize crop in a synergistic manner and not as a mutation. The disease is seed borne but can also be transmitted from an infected plant to another by vectors that chew or suck. The most common vectors include maize thrips and leaf beetles.
However, the possible applications of these mechanisms are much broader than just investigation. Given that genome editing has the capability to change any DNA chain, whether in a bacterium, plant, animal or human being, it has a roughly immeasurable range of possible relevancies in living organisms. Some bacteria have an alike, fixed, gene editing structure to the CRISPR-Cas9 structure that they use to act in response to attacking pathogens like viruses, much like an immune system. Using CRISPR the bacteria cut out parts of the virus DNA and keep a bit of it behind to assist them be familiar with and protect against the virus next time it attacks. Scientists personalized this system so that it could be used in other cells from animals, including mice and
Several ayurvedic medicines has been discovered to reduce the risk of heart disease. At present, these remedies are back into projection because the ability of traditional medicines such as antibiotics, which once had maximal efficiency towards infections is on the wane. About 2,000 ayurvedic plant species are considered to have medicinal value. Although modern drugs are effective in the significant control of cardiovascular disease, their use is often associated with a number of undesirable effects . Due to low cost and better acceptance of patient, the ayurvedic formulations have been found more beneficial than the modern drug.
Improving access to affordable, quality medicines, particularly to the world’s poorest, is part of the strategy to achieve the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of reducing child mortality, improving maternal health and combating HIV and AIDS, malaria and other diseases . However, the high price of medicines is a significant barrier for access to medicines, particularly in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, use of generic medicines is essential because they significantly reduce the cost of medicines to both governments and the patients . In fact, generic competition can lower the price of medicines by as much as 90% . By definition, a generic medicine is a medicine produced without a licence from the innovator company when the patent or other market exclusivity rights on the innovator product has expired .